1. bookVolume 22 (2022): Edizione 1 (June 2022)
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1898-0198
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06 May 2008
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access type Accesso libero

Analyzing the Effects of Food Imports on Food Production and Balance of Payments in Nigeria

Pubblicato online: 18 Jun 2022
Volume & Edizione: Volume 22 (2022) - Edizione 1 (June 2022)
Pagine: 302 - 324
Ricevuto: 04 Dec 2021
Accettato: 07 Apr 2022
Dettagli della rivista
License
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1898-0198
Prima pubblicazione
06 May 2008
Frequenza di pubblicazione
2 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese
Abstract

Research background: Past measures to increase food production in Nigeria, were not effective enough to curb food imports and increase food production thus leading to a deficit balance of payment for the country and a total neglect of the agricultural sector.

Purpose: This study analyzes the effects of food imports on food production and Balance of Payments (BOP) in Nigeria from 1960 to 2020.

Research methodology: The Auto Regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) bound cointegration test procedure is utilized.

Results: The empirical results show that food imports adversely affect food production both in the long and the short run. While for the BOP equations, food importation positively affected the country’s balance of payments in the long run. The short run error-correction term coefficients are signed negatively for both the food production and BOP equations. The results show that the gap between the equilibrium values and the actual value of the dependent variables are corrected with speed of adjustment equal to 40% and 85% annually. The stability test result on the food production equation showed that the null hypothesis of no stable residuals in both the short and long run are rejected, while the estimated model is not effective with stable recursive residuals for the BOP equation.

Novelty: The study therefore recommends that efforts should be geared towards boosting the country’s food production by encouraging foreign investors’ participation in the agricultural sector.

Keywords

JEL Classification

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