1. bookVolume 10 (2022): Edizione 3 (September 2022)
Dettagli della rivista
Prima pubblicazione
15 Apr 2013
Frequenza di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Open Access

Anthropogenic and natural factors influencing African World Heritage sites

Pubblicato online: 27 Sep 2022
Volume & Edizione: Volume 10 (2022) - Edizione 3 (September 2022)
Pagine: 67 - 84
Ricevuto: 29 Dec 2021
Accettato: 01 Aug 2022
Dettagli della rivista
Prima pubblicazione
15 Apr 2013
Frequenza di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno

Avery S.T., Tebbs E.J. 2018. Lake Turkana, major Omo River developments, associated hydrological cycle change and consequent lake physical and ecological change. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 44, 6: 1164–1182. Search in Google Scholar

Baker J., Bitariho R., Gordon-Maclean A., Kasoma P., Roe D., Sheil D., Twinamatsiko M., Tumushabe G., van Heist M., Weiland M. 2013. Linking Protected Area Conservation with Poverty Alleviation in Uganda: Integrated conservation and Development at Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. In: Smith J.B. (ed.) National Parks. Nova Science Publishers, Inc, New York. Search in Google Scholar

Bate G.C., Taylor R.H. 2019. The effects of tourism, economic development and population growth on a small rural area of South Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa, 74(2): 189–201.10.1080/0035919X.2019.1608476 Search in Google Scholar

Bell R.J., Collie J.S., Jamu D., Banda M. 2012. Changes in the biomass of chambo in the southeast arm of Lake Malawi: A stock assessment of Oreochromis. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 38(4): 720–729.10.1016/j.jglr.2012.09.022 Search in Google Scholar

Bene J-C. K., Gamys J., Dufour S. 2013. Marketing channel of hunting products in northern Nimba County, Liberia. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 25, Article 11. Search in Google Scholar

Betti J.L. 2004. Impact of forest logging in the Dja Biosphere Reserve, Cameroon. Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Yaoundé, Cameroon. Search in Google Scholar

Beyers R.L., Hart J.A., Sinclair A.R., Grossmann F., Klinkenberg B., Dino S. 2011. Resource wars and conflict ivory: the impact of civil conflict on elephants in the Democratic Republic of Congo –the case of the Okapi Reserve. PLoS One, 6(11): e27129.10.1371/journal.pone.0027129321253622096529 Search in Google Scholar

Boide C.C., Cornet C., Trégarot E., Failler P. 2018. Evaluation de la valeur économique du tourisme au PNBA. In: Trégarot et al. (eds). Evaluation des services écosystémiques du Banc d’Arguin, Mauritanie. Raport final. Search in Google Scholar

Borner M., Severre E. 1986. Rhino and Elephant Poaching Trends in the Selous Game Reserve. Available at: http://www.rhinoresourcecenter.com/pdf_files/117/1175856122.pdf Search in Google Scholar

Bruce T., Ndjassi C., Fowler A., Ndimbe M., Fankem O., Mbobda R.B.T., Kobla A., Puemo F.A.W., Amin R., Wacher T., Grange-Chamfray S., Olson D. 2018. Faunal inventory of the Dja Faunal Reserve, Cameroon – 2018. Ministry of Forests and Wildlife (MINFOF), Zoological Society of London – Cameroon Country Programme, African Wildlife Foundation, Yaoundé. Search in Google Scholar

Buah-Kwofie A., Humphries M.S., Pillay L. 2017. Bioaccumulation and risk assessment of organochlorine pesticides in fish from a global biodiversity hotspot: iSimangaliso Wetland Park, South Africa. Science of the Total Environment, 621: 273–281. Search in Google Scholar

Campredon P., Cuq F. 2001. Artisanal Fishing and Coastal Conservation in West Africa. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 7(1): 91–100.10.1007/BF02742471 Search in Google Scholar

Chafota J., Burgess N., Thieme M., Johnson S. 2005. Lake Malawi/Niassa/Nyasa Ecoregion Conservation Programme: Priority Conservation Areas and Vision for Biodiversity Conservation. WWF SARPO. Search in Google Scholar

Conservation Outlook Assessment. 2020. IUCN World Heritage Outlook. Search in Google Scholar

Constantine K, Mulila-Mitti J., Williams F. 2022. An invasive species system assessment in Zambia. CABI Working Paper, 27: 1–21. Search in Google Scholar

Cousteau Society. 2013. Chekchak T., Klaus R. (eds) Toward a sustainable future for the Red Sea coast of Sudan: Part 1. Coastal and marine habitats Survey. Cousteau Society, Custodians of the Sea, New York. Search in Google Scholar

D’haen M., Fennessy J., Stabach J.A., Brandlová K. 2019. Population structure and spatial ecology of Kordofan giraffe in Garamba National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo. Ecology and Evolution, 9, 19: 11395–11405. Search in Google Scholar

Dye B., Barnaby H. 2017. The true cost of power: The facts and risks of building the Stiegler’s Gorge Hydropower Dam in the Selous Game Reerve, Tanzania (Report). WWF: 10–35. Search in Google Scholar

El-Hacen E.H.M., Bouma T.J., Fivash G.S., Sall A.A., Piersma T., Olff, H., Govers L.L. 2018. Evidence for ‘critical slowing down’ in seagrass: a stress gradient experiment at the southern limit of its range. Nature, Scientific Reports, 8, 1: 1–11. Search in Google Scholar

Foxcroft L.C., Lotter V.D., Runyoro V.A., Mattay P.M.C. 2006. A review of the importance of invasive alien plants in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area and Serengeti National Park. African Journal of Ecology, 44, 3: 404–406. Search in Google Scholar

Genner M.J., Connell E., Shechonge A., Smith A., Swanstrom J., Mzighani S., Mwijage A., Ngatunga B.P., Turner G.F., 2013. Nile tilapia invades the Lake Malawi catchment. African Journal of Aquatic Science, 38(supp1): 85–90.10.2989/16085914.2013.842157 Search in Google Scholar

Gownaris N.J., Pikitch E.K., Ojwang W.O., Michener R., Kaufman L., 2015. Predicting Species’ Vulnerability in a Massively Perturbed System: The Fishes of Lake Turkana, Kenya. PLoS ONE, 10(5), e0127027.10.1371/journal.pone.0127027443798425992561 Search in Google Scholar

Gueye I., Kane M.D., Sylla S.I., Triplet P. 2017. Plan d’aménagement et de gestion du Parc National des Oiseaux du Djoudj (2017-2021). Direction des Parcs Nationaux, Tropis. Search in Google Scholar

Hanes A.C., Kalema-Zikusoka G., Svensson M.S., Hill C.M. 2018. Assessment of Health Risks Posed by Tourists Visiting Mountain Gorillas in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Primate Conservation, 32: 123–132. Search in Google Scholar

Hecky R.E., Bootsma H.A., Kingdon M.L. 2003. Impact of land use on sediment and nutrient yields to Lake Malawi/ Nyasa (Africa). Journal of Great Lakes Research, 29: 139–158. Search in Google Scholar

Hemp A. 2005. Climate change driven forest fires marginalizes the ice cap wasting on Mt. Kilimanjaro. Global Change Biology, 11: 1013–1023. Search in Google Scholar

Hemp A. 2006. Vegetation of Kilimanjaro: hidden endemics and missing bamboo. African Journal of Ecology, 44: 305–328. Search in Google Scholar

Hemp A., Zimmermann R., Remmele S., Pommer U., Berauer B., Hemp C., Fischer M. 2017. Africa’s highest mountain harbours Africa’s tallest trees. Biodiversity and Conservation, 26:103–113.10.1007/s10531-016-1226-3 Search in Google Scholar

Herrnegger M., Stecher G., Schwatke Ch., Olang L. 2021. Hydroclimatic analysis of rising water levels in the Great rift Valley Lakes of Kenya. Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies, 36: 100857. Search in Google Scholar

Hollestelle M., Smith A., Hund K. 2012. When elephants fight it is the grass that suffers; Artisanal Mining & Conservation in the DRC. DRAFT ABCG Discussion Paper WWF, July 2012: 1–4. Search in Google Scholar

Hopcraft J.G.C., Holdo R.M., Mwangomo E., Mduma S., Thirgood S.J., Borner M., Fryxell J.M., Olff H., Sinclair A.R.E. 2015. Why Are Wildebeest the Most Abundant Herbivore in the Serengeti? In: Sinclair A.R.E., Metzger K.L., Mduma S.A.R., Fryxell J.M. (eds.) Serengeti IV: Sustaining biodiverstiy in a coupled human-natural system. University of Chicago Press, Chicago: 125–174. https://www.city-facts.com/livingstone-zambia10.7208/chicago/9780226196336.003.0006 Search in Google Scholar

IUCN, UNESCO. 2007. Reactive Monitoring Mission Report Salonga National Park (Democratic Republic of the Congo). IUCN and UNESCO World Heritage Centre, Gland–Paris. Search in Google Scholar

IUCN, UNESCO. 2019. Rapport de la mission conjointe de suivi réactif du Centre du Patrimoine Mondial. Available at: https://whc.unesco.org/fr/list/475/documents/. Search in Google Scholar

Kideghesho J.R. 2016. The Elephant Poaching Crisis in Tanzania: A Need to Reverse the Trend and the Way Forward. Tropical Conservation Science, 9, 1: 369–388. Search in Google Scholar

Kihwele E.S., Veldhuis M.P., Loishooki A., Hongoa J.R., Hopcraft J.G.C., Olff H, Wolanski E. 2021. Upstream land-use negatively affects river flow dynamics in the Serengeti National Park Ecohydrology & Hydrobiology, 21, 1: 1–12. Search in Google Scholar

Killingtveit A., Hamududu B.H. 2016. Hydropower Production in Future Climate Scenarios; the Case for the Zambezi River. Energies, 9, 502. Search in Google Scholar

Liu B., Mwanza F.M. 2014. Towards sustainable tourism development in Zambia: Advancing tourism planning and natural resource management in Livingstone (Mosioa-Tunya) area. Journal of Service Science and Management, 07, 01: 30–45. Search in Google Scholar

Madsen H., Bloch P., Makaula P., Phiri H., Furu P., Stauffer J.R. 2011. Schistosomiasis in Lake Malawi villages. EcoHealth, 8(2): 163–176.10.1007/s10393-011-0687-921598059 Search in Google Scholar

Mayoma B.S., Mjumira I.S., Efudala A., Syberg K., Khan F.R. 2019. Collection of anthropogenic litter from the shores of Lake Malawi: Characterization of plastic debris and the implications of public involvement in the African Great Lakes. Toxics, 7(4): 64.10.3390/toxics7040064695831631847078 Search in Google Scholar

Mothapo N.P., Wossler T.C. 2011. Behavioural and chemical evidence for multiple colonisation of the Argentine ant, Linepithema humile, in the Western Cape, South Africa. BMC Ecology, 1(1), Article 6. Search in Google Scholar

Musinguzi L., Bassa S., Natugonza V., van Steenberge M., Okello W., Snoeks J., Froese R. 2021. Assessment of exploited fish species in the Lake Edward System, East Africa. Journal Applied of Ichthyology, 2021;00: 1–11.10.1111/jai.14161 Search in Google Scholar

Ndlovu P., Mutanga O., Sibanda M., Odindi J., Rushworth I. 2018. Modelling potential distribution of bramble (Rubus cuneifolius) using topographic, bioclimatic and remotely sensed data in the KwaZulu-Natal Drakensberg, South Africa. Applied Geography, 99: 54–62.10.1016/j.apgeog.2018.07.025 Search in Google Scholar

Ng’weno C., Mwasi S.M., Kairu J. 2010. Distribution, density and impact of invasive plants in Lake Nakuru National Park, Kenya. African Journal of Ecology, 48, 4: 905–913. Search in Google Scholar

Nicole W. 2022. Clear and Present Dangers: The Multiple Health Hazards of Volcanic Eruptions. Environmental Health Perspective, 130(2): 022001.10.1289/EHP10541883660935148198 Search in Google Scholar

Nievergelt B., Good T., Güttinger R. (eds.) 1998. A Survey of the flora and fauna of the Simien Mountains National Park Ethiopia. Walia Special Issue. Ethiopian Wildlife and Natural History Society and University of Zurich-Irchel. Search in Google Scholar

Nyongesa K., Vacik H. 2018. Fire Management in Mount Kenya: A Case Study of Gathiuru Forest Station. Forests, 9(8): 481.10.3390/f9080481 Search in Google Scholar

O’Connor T.G. 2008. Influence of land use on phytomass accumulation in Highland Sourveld grassland in the southern Drakensberg, South Africa. African Journal of Range & Forage Science, 25(1): 17–27.10.2989/AJRFS.2008. Search in Google Scholar

Ogutu J.O., Piepho H.P., Said M.Y., Ojwang G.O., Njino L.W., Kifugo S.C., Wargute P.W. 2016. Extreme wildlife declines and concurrent increase in livestock numbers in Kenya: What are the causes? PloS One, 11(9): e0163249.10.1371/journal.pone.0163249503902227676077 Search in Google Scholar

Ojwang W.O., Obiero K.O., Donde O.O., Gownaris N., Pikitch E.K., Omondi R., Agembe S., Malala J., Avery S.T. 2016. Lake Turkana: world’s largest permanent desert Lake (Kenya). The Wetland Book, Springer, Netherlands: 1-20. Search in Google Scholar

Osipova E., Emslie-Smith M., Osti M., Murai M., Åberg U., Shadie P. 2020. IUCN World Heritage Outlook 3: A conservation assessment of all natural World Heritage sites, November 2020. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.10.2305/IUCN.CH.2020.16.en Search in Google Scholar

Plumptre A.J., Nixon S., Kujirakwinja D.K., Vieilledent G., Critchlow R., Williamson E.A., Nishuli R., Kirkby E.A., Hall J.S. 2016. Catastrophic Decline of World’s Largest Primate: 80% Loss of Grauer’s Gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri) Population Justifies Critically Endangered Status. PLoS One, 11(10): e0162697.10.1371/journal.pone.0162697507087227760201 Search in Google Scholar

Pooley S. 2012. Recovering the Lost History of Fire in South Africa’s Fynbos. Environmental History, 17, 1: 55–83. Search in Google Scholar

Porter S.N., Humphries M.S., Buah-Kwofie A., Schleyer M.H. 2018. Accumulation of organochlorine pesticides in reef organisms from marginal coral reefs in South Africa and links with coastal groundwater. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 137: 295–305. Search in Google Scholar

Rantala S., Tyynelä T., Vickers M. 2004. Organic matter fuel briquettes as a forest conservation tool in Lake Malawi National Park. Southern African Forestry Journal, 202, 1: 55–60. Search in Google Scholar

Roelke-Parker M.E., Munson L., Packer C., Koch R., … & Appel M.J. 1996. A canine distemper virus epidemic in Serengeti lions (Panthera leo). Nature, 379 (6564): 441–445.10.1038/379441a070953638559247 Search in Google Scholar

Rusuwa B., Maruyama A., Yuma M. 2006. Deterioration of cichlid habitat by increased sedimentation in the rocky littoral zone of Lake Malawi. Ichthyological Research, 53(4): 431–434.10.1007/s10228-006-0363-1 Search in Google Scholar

Smallie J., Virani M.Z. 2010. A preliminary assessment of the potential risks from electrical infrastructure to large birds in Kenya. Scopus, 30: 32–39. Search in Google Scholar

State Party of Kenya 2019. Report of the State Party to the World Heritage Committee on the state of conservation of the Kenya Lake System in the Great Rift Valley, Kenya. Search in Google Scholar

State Party of Malawi. 2020. State of Conservation of Lake Malawi National Park. Search in Google Scholar

Tchègoun B. Tchetan T.B., Azihou A.F., Gouwakinnou G.N. 2018. Spatio-temporal analysis of illegal activities from ranger-collected data in w national park of Benin. Parks, 24, 2: 35–44. Search in Google Scholar

Tessema T.B., Jungmeier M., Huber M. 2012. The relocation of the village of Arkwasiye in the Simien Mountain National Park in Ethiopia: an intervention towards sustainable development? Journal on Protected Mountain Areas Research and Management, 4, 2: 1–20. Search in Google Scholar

Tyner E.H., Jensen P., Ngochera M., Bootsma H.A. 2018. Escherichia coli (E. coli) distribution in the Lake Malawi nearshore zone. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 44, 6: 1281–1288. Search in Google Scholar

UNESCO, ICOMOS, IUCN. 2012. Reactive Monitoring Mission Report Ngorongoro Conservation Area, United Republic of Tanzania. Search in Google Scholar

UNESCO. 2009. Report on the State of Conservation of Kahuzi-Biega National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo. State of Conservation Information System of the World Heritage Centre, Paris. Search in Google Scholar

UNESCO. 2019. Report on the State of Conservation of Sangha Trinational, Cameroon, the Central African Republic and Congo. State of Conservation Information System of the World Heritage Centre. UNESCO World Heritage Centre, Paris. Search in Google Scholar

Van der Schyff V., Yive N.S.C.K., Bouwman H. 2020. Metal concentrations in corals from South Africa and the Mascarene Basin: A first assessment for the Western Indian Ocean. Chemosphere, 239: 124784.10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.12478431520976 Search in Google Scholar

Veldhuis M.P., Ritchie M.E., Ogutu J.O., Morrison T.A., Beale C.M., Estes A.B., Mwakilema W., Ojwang G.O., Parr C.R., Probert J., Wargute P.W., Hopcraft G.C., Olff H. 2019. Cross-boundary human impacts compromise the Serengeti-Mara ecosystem. Science, 363(6434): 1424–1428.10.1126/science.aav056430923217 Search in Google Scholar

Verheyen E. et al. 2016. Oil extraction imperils Africa’s Great Lakes. Science, 354(6312): 561–562.10.1126/science.aal172227811261 Search in Google Scholar

Wakibara J., Ndesari K., Mafuru N. 2009. Tourism-related impacts on Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: Implications for tourism management on mountain ecosystems. Journal of Tourism Challenges and Trends, 2 (1): 111–123. Search in Google Scholar

Watene G., Yu L., Nie Y., Zhu J., Ngigi T., Nambajimana J.d.D., Kenduiywo B. 2021. Water erosion risk assessment in the Kenya Great Rift Valley Region. Sustainability, 13, 844. Search in Google Scholar

World Heritage Committee. 2012 World Heritage Committee (2011) Decision 35 COM 8B.46. UNESCO, Paris. Search in Google Scholar

www.worldheritageoutlook.iucn.org Search in Google Scholar

Yamagiwa J. 2003. Bushmeat Poaching and the Conservation Crisis in Kahuzi-Biega National Park, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Journal of Sustainable Forestry, 16: 3-4: 111–130. Search in Google Scholar

Articoli consigliati da Trend MD

Pianifica la tua conferenza remota con Sciendo