1. bookVolume 41 (2022): Edizione 1 (March 2022)
Dettagli della rivista
Prima pubblicazione
24 Aug 2013
Frequenza di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
access type Accesso libero

Temporal Variation in Pollinators’ Visitation of Lantana camara in a Tropical Urban Landscape: Does Butterfly Abundance and Richness Drive the Fruit Set?

Pubblicato online: 22 Apr 2022
Volume & Edizione: Volume 41 (2022) - Edizione 1 (March 2022)
Pagine: 46 - 56
Ricevuto: 27 May 2021
Accettato: 31 Aug 2021
Dettagli della rivista
Prima pubblicazione
24 Aug 2013
Frequenza di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno

Pollinator richness, abundance and visitation frequency may be affected by the abundance of floral resources and abiotic factors, influencing plant reproductive success. We analysed whether the diversity, abundance and frequency of butterfly visitation on Lantana camara vary across the year in a tropical urban landscape and whether this variation in butterfly community influences plant’s reproductive success. A two-period survey, referred to here as rainier and drier seasons, was carried out in 12 spatially independent plants. Five pollination treatments were applied: single visit, hand cross-pollination, hand self-pollination, spontaneous self-pollination and open pollination (control). A total of 15,749 flowers were used for fruit production analysis. Butterfly richness, abundance and the reproductive success of L. camara increased in the drier season. Open pollination was ninefold more reproductively successful during the drier season. Fruit production of hand cross-pollinated plants was threefold higher than open-pollinated plants during the rainier season. No significant difference was found between these treatments in the drier season, attesting the highest abundance of pollination during this period. We provide evidence that changes in the pollinator community affect fruit production. The increase in pollinator diversity allows different visitors to pollinate the plant, increasing fruit set through functional complementarity. This effort establishes baseline data of plant–pollinator interactions for further long-term investigations across different weather seasons. The understanding of L. camara and butterflies’ synergism will support conservation measures of pollinator populations.


Alarcón, R., Waser, N.M. & Ollerton J. (2008). Year-to-year variation in the topology of a plant-pollinator interaction network. Oikos, 117(12), 1796−1807. DOI: 10.1111/j.0030-1299.2008.16987.x.10.1111/j.0030-1299.2008.16987.x Search in Google Scholar

Aleixo, K.P, Menezes, C., Imperatriz-Fonseca, V. & Silva C.I. (2017). Seasonal availability of floral resources and ambient temperature shape stingless bee foraging behavior (Scaptotrigona aff. depilis). Apidologie, 48, 117−127. DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-456-4. Search in Google Scholar

Araújo, S.I. (2006). Estrutura e influência da sazonalidade na comunidade de borboletas da subfamília Ithomiinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) na Estação Científica Ferreira Penna, Melgaço, Pará. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém, Brazil. Search in Google Scholar

Barros, G.M., Gray, V.R. & Castelazo C.D. (2001). Sincronia de floração entre Lantana camara L. (Verbenaceae) e Psittacanthus calyculatus (DC.) G. Don (Loranthaceae) ocorrentes nas dunas de La Mancha, Veracruz, México. Acta Bot. Mex., 57, 1−14. DOI: 10.21829/abm57.2001.880.10.21829/abm57.2001.880 Search in Google Scholar

Barrows, E.M. (1976). Nectar robbing of Lantana camara (Verbenacae). Biotropica, 8(2), 132−135. DOI: 10.2307/2989633.10.2307/2989633 Search in Google Scholar

Berry, Z.C., Wevill, K. & Curan T.J. (2011). The invasive weed Lantana camara increases fire risk in dry rainforest by altering fuel beds. Weed Research, 51, 525−533. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3180.2011.00869.x.10.1111/j.1365-3180.2011.00869.x Search in Google Scholar

Biodiversity Research Program (2014). UFAM Campus. http://ppbio.inpa.gov.br/sitios/campusufam/. Search in Google Scholar

Blüthgen, N. & Klein A. (2011). Functional complementarity and specialization: The role of biodiversity in plant-pollinator interactions. Basic Appl. Ecol., 12(4), 282−291. DOI: 10.1016/j.baae.2010. Search in Google Scholar

Boff, S., Melo-de-Pinna, G.F.A., Pott, A. & Araujo A.C. (2018). High visitation rate of oil bees may increase pollination efficiency of Couepia uiti in Pantanal wetland. Apidologie, 49, 747−758. DOI: 10.1007/s13592-018-0598-7.10.1007/s13592-018-0598-7 Search in Google Scholar

Carnicer, J., Jordano, P. & Melian C. (2009). The temporal dynamic of resource use by frugivorous birds: a network approach. Ecology, 90(7), 1958−1970. DOI: 10.1890/07-1939.1.10.1890/07-1939.119694143 Search in Google Scholar

Cohen, H., Philpott, S.M., Liere, H., Lin B.B. & Jha S. (2021). The relationship between pollinator community and pollination services is mediated by floral abundance in urban landscapes. Urban Ecosystem, 24, 275−290. DOI: 10.1007/s11252-020-01024-z.10.1007/s11252-020-01024-z Search in Google Scholar

Cusser, S., Neff, J.L. & Jha S. (2016). Natural land cover drives pollinator abundance and richeness, leading to reductions in pollen limitation in cotton agroecosystems. Agr. Ecosyst. Environ., 226, 33−42. DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2016. Search in Google Scholar

Darrault, R.O. & Schlindwein C. (2002). Esfingídeos (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) no tabuleiro Paraibano, nordeste do Brasil: abundância, riqueza e relação com as plantas esfingófilas. Rev. Bras. Zool., 19(2), 429−443. DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81752002000200009.10.1590/S0101-81752002000200009 Search in Google Scholar

Day, M.D. & Zalucki M.P. (2009). Lantana camara Linn. (Verbenaceae). In R. Muniappan, G.V.P. Redy & A. Raman (Eds.), Biological Control of Tropical Weeds Using Arthropods (pp. 211−246). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511576348.012.10.1017/CBO9780511576348.012 Search in Google Scholar

Dupont, Y.L., Padron, B., Olesen, J.M. & Petanidou T. (2009). Spatio-temporal variation in the structure of pollination networks. Oikos, 118(8), 1261−1269. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2009.17595.x.10.1111/j.1600-0706.2009.17595.x Search in Google Scholar

Forest, M.L., McCall, A.C., Sanders, N.J., Fordyce, J.A., Thorne, J.H., O’Brien, J., Waetjen, D.P. & Shapiro A.M. (2010). Compounded effects of climate change and habitat alteration shift patterns of butterfly diversity. PNAS, 107(5), 2088−2092. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0909686107.10.1073/pnas.0909686107 Search in Google Scholar

Fründ, J., Dormann, C.F., Holzschuh, A. & Tscharntke T. (2013). Bee diversity effects on pollination depend on functional complementarity and niche shifts. Ecology, 94(9), 2042−2054. DOI: 10.1890/12-1620.1.10.1890/12-1620.1 Search in Google Scholar

Garibaldi, L.A., Carvalheiro, L.G., Vaissière, B.E., Gemmill-Herren, B., Hipólito, J. Freitas, B.M., Ngo, H.T., Azzu, N., Sáez, A., Åström, J., An, J., Blochtein, B., Buchori, D., Chamorro Garcia, F.J., da Silva, F.O., Devkota, K., de Fátima Ribeiro, M., Freitas, L:, Gaglianone, M.C., Gos, M., Irshad, M., Kasina, M., Pacheco Filho, A.J.S., Piedade Kiill, L.H., Kwapong, P., Parra, G.N., Pires, C., Pires, V., Rawal, R.S., Rizali, A., Saraiva, A.M., Veldtman, R., Viana, B.F., Witter, S. & Zhang H. (2016). Mutually beneficial pollinator diversity and crop yield outcomes in small and large farms. Science, 351(6271), 388−391. DOI: 10.1126/science.aac7287.10.1126/science.aac7287 Search in Google Scholar

Garibaldi, L.A., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Kremen, C., Morales, J.M., Bommarco, R., Cunningham, S.A., Carvalheiro, L.G., Chacoff, N.P., Dudenhöffer, J.H., Greenleaf, S.S., Holzschuh, A., Isaacs, R., Krewenka, K., Mandelik, Y., Mayfield, M.M., Morandin, L.A., Potts, S.G., Ricketts, T.H., Szentgyörgyi, H., Viana, B.F., Westphal, C., Winfree, R. & Klein A.M. (2011). Stability of pollination services decreases with isolation from natural areas despite honey bee visits. Ecology Letters, 14(10), 1062−1072. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01669.x.10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01669.x Search in Google Scholar

Garibaldi, L.A., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Winfree, R., Aizen, M.A., Bom-marco, R. Cunningham, S.A., Kremen, C., Carvalheiro, L.G., Harder, L.D., Afik, O., Bartomeus, I., Benjamin, F., Boreux, V., Cariveau, D., Chacoff, N.P., Dudenhöffer, J.H., Freitas, B.M., Ghazoul, J., Greenleaf, S., Hipólito, J., Holzschuh, A., Howlett, B., Isaacs, R., Javorek, S.K., Kennedy, Ch.M., Krewenka, K.M., Krishnan, S., Mandelik, Y., May-field, M.M., Motzke, I., Munyuli, T., Nault, B.A., Otieno, M., Petersen, J., Pisanty, G., Potts, S.G., Rader, R., Ricketts, T.H., Rundlöf, M., Seymour, C.L., Schüepp, CH., Szentgyörgyi, H., Taki, H., Tscharntke, T., Vergara, C.H., Viana, B.F., Wanger, T.C., Westphal, C., Williams, N. & Klein A.M. (2013). Wild pollinators enhance fruit set of crops regardless of honey bee abundance. Science, 339(6127), 1608−1611. DOI: 10.1126/science.1230200.10.1126/science.1230200 Search in Google Scholar

Garwood, K., Lehman, R., Carter, W. & Carter G. (2009). Butterflies of Southern Amazonia. Texas: McAllen Publishing. Search in Google Scholar

Ghisalberti, E.L. (2000). Lantana camara L. (Verbenaceae). Fitoterapia, 71, 467−486. DOI: 10.1016/S0367-326X(00)00202-1.10.1016/S0367-326X(00)00202-1 Search in Google Scholar

Hegland, S.J. & Totland Ø. (2005). Relationships between species’ floral traits and pollinator visitation in a temperate grassland. Oecologia, 45(4), 586−594. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-005-0165-6.10.1007/s00442-005-0165-616028095 Search in Google Scholar

Herrera, C.M. (2000) Measuring the effects of pollinators and herbivores: evidence for non-additivity in a perennial herb. Ecology, 81(8), 2170−2176. DOI: 10.2307/177105.10.2307/177105 Search in Google Scholar

Klein, A.M., Vaissieré, B.E., Cane, J.H., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Cunningham, S.A., Kremen, C. & Tscharntke T. (2007). Importance of pollinators in changing landscapes for world crops. Proc. Roy. Soc. B: Biol. Sci., 274(1608), 303−313. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2006.3721.10.1098/rspb.2006.3721 Search in Google Scholar

Kumar, R., Katityar, R., Kumar, S., Kumar, T. & Singh V. (2016). Lantana camara: an alien weed, its impact on animal health and strategies to control. J. Exp. Biol. Agric. Sci., 4(35), 321−337. DOI: 10.18006/2016.4(3S).321.337.10.18006/2016.4(3S).321.337 Search in Google Scholar

Lamas, G. (2004) Checklist: Part 4A, Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea. In J.B. Heppner (Ed.), Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Gainesville, Association for Tropical Lepidoptera (pp 1−439). Scientific Publishers. Search in Google Scholar

Larcher, W. (2006). Ecologia vegetal. São Carlos: RiMa. Search in Google Scholar

Larson, B.M.H. & Barrett S.C.H. (2000). A comparative analysis of pollen limitation in flowering plants. Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 69(4), 503−520. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8312.2000.tb01221.x.10.1111/j.1095-8312.2000.tb01221.x Search in Google Scholar

Lawson, D.A. & Rands S.A. (2019). The effects of rainfall on plant-pollinator interactions. Arthropod. Plant. Interact., 13, 561–569. DOI: 10.1007/s11829-019-09686-z.10.1007/s11829-019-09686-z Search in Google Scholar

Maharaj, G. & Bourne G.R. (2017). Honest signaling and the billboard effect: how Heliconiid pollinators respond to the trichromatic colour changing Lantana camara L. (Verbenaceae). J. Pollinat. Ecol., 20(5), 40−50. DOI: 10.26786/1920-7603%282017%29four.10.26786/1920-7603 Search in Google Scholar

Marques-Filho, A.O., Ribeiro, M.N.G. & Santos J.M. (1981) Estudos climatológicos da Reserva Florestal Ducke, Manaus, AM. IV. Precipitação. Acta Amazonica, 11(4), 759−768. DOI: 10.1590/1809-43921981114759.10.1590/1809-43921981114759 Search in Google Scholar

Mukherjee, S., Benerjee, S., Basu, P., Saha, G.K. & Aditya G. (2015). Lantana camara and butterfly abundance in urban landscape: Benefits for conservation or species invasion? Ekológia (Bratislava), 34(4), 309−328. DOI: 10.1515/eko-2015-0029.10.1515/eko-2015-0029 Search in Google Scholar

Mulcahy, D.L. & Mulcahy G.B. (1987). The effects of pollen competition. American Scientist, 75(1), 44−50. Search in Google Scholar

National Institute of Meteorology (2016). Annual Historical Data. http://portal.inmet.gov.br/dadoshistoricos/. Search in Google Scholar

Nery, L.C.R., Lorosa, E.S. & Franco A.M.R. (2004). Feeding preference of the sand flies Lutzomya umbratilis and L. spathotrichia (Diptera: Psychodidae, Phlebotominae) in an urban Forest patch in the city of Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz, 99(6), 571−574. DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762004000600006.10.1590/S0074-0276200400060000615558165 Search in Google Scholar

Olesen, J.M., Bascompte, J., Elberling, H. & Jordano P. (2008) Temporal Dynamics in a Pollination Networks. Ecology, 89(6), 1573−1582. DOI: 10.1890/07-00451.1. Search in Google Scholar

Ollerton, J., Killick, A., Lamborn, E., Watts, S. & Whiston M. (2007). Multiple meanings and modes: On the many ways to be a generalist flower. Taxon, 56(3), 717−728. DOI: 10.2307/25065856.10.2307/25065856 Search in Google Scholar

Petanidou, T., Kallimanis, A.S., Tzanopoulos, J., Sgardelis, S.P. & Pantis J.D. (2008). Long-term observation of a pollination network: fluctuation in species and interactions, relative invariance of network structure and implications for estimates of specialization. Ecology Letters, 11(6), 564−575. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2008.01170.x.10.1111/j.1461-0248.2008.01170.x18363716 Search in Google Scholar

Pinto, C.E., Oliveira, R. & Schlindwein C. (2008). Do consecutive flower visits within a crown diminish fruit set in Hanconia speciose Gomes (Apocynaceae). Plant Biology, 10(3), 408−412. DOI: 10.1111/j.1438-8677.2008.00045.x.10.1111/j.1438-8677.2008.00045.x18426489 Search in Google Scholar

Price, M.V., Waser, N.M., Irwin, R.E., Campbell, D.R. & Brody A.K. (2005). Temporal and spatial variation in pollination of a montane herb: a seven-year study. Ecology, 86(8), 2106−2116. DOI: 10.1890/04-1274.10.1890/04-1274 Search in Google Scholar

Ramaswami, G. & Sukumar R. (2013). Long-Term Environmental Correlates of Invasion by Lantana camara (Verbenaceae) in a Seasonally Dry Tropical Forest. PloS ONE, 8(10), 76995. DOI: 10.1371/journal.posone.0076995. Search in Google Scholar

Rathcke, B. & Lacey E.P. (1985). Phenological patterns of terrestrial plants. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst., 16, 179−214. DOI: 10.1146/annurev. es.16.110185.001143. Search in Google Scholar

R Development Core Team (2015). A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna: R Foundation for Statistical Computing. https://www.R-project.org. Search in Google Scholar

Schaik, C.P., Terborgh, J.W. & Wright S.J. (1993). The phenology of tropical forests: Adaptive significance and consequences for primary consumers. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst., 24, 353−377. DOI: 10.1146/annurev. es.24.110193.002033. Search in Google Scholar

Sharma, O.P., Sharma, S., Pattabhi, V., Mahato, S.B. & Sharma P.D. (2007). A review of the hepatotoxic plant Lantana camara. Critical Review in Toxicology, 37(4), 313−352. DOI: 10.1080/10408440601177863.10.1080/1040844060117786317453937 Search in Google Scholar

Sokal, R.R. & Rohlf F.J. (1981). Biometry: The principles and practice of statistics in biological research. San Francisco: WH Freeman and Company. Search in Google Scholar

Steffan-Dewenter, I. & Schiele S. (2008). Do resources or natural enemies drive bee population dynamics in fragmented habitats? Ecology, 89(5), 1375 −1387. DOI: 10.1890/06-1323.1.10.1890/06-1323.118543630 Search in Google Scholar

Strauch, M. & Volk M. (2013). SWAT plant growth modification for improved modeling of perennial vegetation in the tropics. Ecological Modelling, 269(10), 98−112. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2013. Search in Google Scholar

Sun, H.Q., Huang, B.Q., Yu, X.H., Tian, C.B., Peng, Q.X. & An D.J. (2017). Pollen limitation, reproductive success and flowering frequency in single-flowered plants. Journal of Ecology, 106(1), 19−30. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12834.10.1111/1365-2745.12834 Search in Google Scholar

Teston, J.A. & Silva P.L. (2017). Diversity and seasonality of frugivorous butterflies (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) in the Tapajós National Forest, Pará, Brazil. Biota Amazonia, 7, 79−83. DOI: 10.18561/2179-5746/biotaamazonia.v7n3p79-83. Search in Google Scholar

Trøjelsgaard, K. & Olesen J.M. (2016). Ecological networks in motion: micro- and macroscopic variability across scales. Function Ecology, 30(12), 1926−1935. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2435.12710.10.1111/1365-2435.12710 Search in Google Scholar

Warren, A., Davis, K., Stangeland, M., Pelham, J., Willmott, K. & Grishin N. (2016). Illustrated List of American Butterflies. https://www.butter-fliesofamerica.com/L/Neotropical.htm/. Search in Google Scholar

Winfree, R. & Kremen C. (2009). Are ecosystem services stabilized by differences among species? A test using crop pollination. Proceedings Biological Sciences, 276(1655), 229−237. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2008.0709.10.1098/rspb.2008.0709267433818796401 Search in Google Scholar

Articoli consigliati da Trend MD

Pianifica la tua conferenza remota con Sciendo