1. bookVolume 41 (2022): Edizione 1 (March 2022)
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eISSN
1337-947X
Prima pubblicazione
24 Aug 2013
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4 volte all'anno
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Inglese
access type Accesso libero

Temporal Variation in Pollinators’ Visitation of Lantana camara in a Tropical Urban Landscape: Does Butterfly Abundance and Richness Drive the Fruit Set?

Pubblicato online: 22 Apr 2022
Volume & Edizione: Volume 41 (2022) - Edizione 1 (March 2022)
Pagine: 46 - 56
Ricevuto: 27 May 2021
Accettato: 31 Aug 2021
Dettagli della rivista
License
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1337-947X
Prima pubblicazione
24 Aug 2013
Frequenza di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese
Abstract

Pollinator richness, abundance and visitation frequency may be affected by the abundance of floral resources and abiotic factors, influencing plant reproductive success. We analysed whether the diversity, abundance and frequency of butterfly visitation on Lantana camara vary across the year in a tropical urban landscape and whether this variation in butterfly community influences plant’s reproductive success. A two-period survey, referred to here as rainier and drier seasons, was carried out in 12 spatially independent plants. Five pollination treatments were applied: single visit, hand cross-pollination, hand self-pollination, spontaneous self-pollination and open pollination (control). A total of 15,749 flowers were used for fruit production analysis. Butterfly richness, abundance and the reproductive success of L. camara increased in the drier season. Open pollination was ninefold more reproductively successful during the drier season. Fruit production of hand cross-pollinated plants was threefold higher than open-pollinated plants during the rainier season. No significant difference was found between these treatments in the drier season, attesting the highest abundance of pollination during this period. We provide evidence that changes in the pollinator community affect fruit production. The increase in pollinator diversity allows different visitors to pollinate the plant, increasing fruit set through functional complementarity. This effort establishes baseline data of plant–pollinator interactions for further long-term investigations across different weather seasons. The understanding of L. camara and butterflies’ synergism will support conservation measures of pollinator populations.

Keywords

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