1. bookVolume 16 (2022): Edizione 1 (April 2022)
Dettagli della rivista
License
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2183-3311
Prima pubblicazione
15 Dec 2016
Frequenza di pubblicazione
1 volta all'anno
Lingue
Inglese
access type Accesso libero

Roman Game Finds from Cremona (Italy)

Pubblicato online: 26 Apr 2022
Volume & Edizione: Volume 16 (2022) - Edizione 1 (April 2022)
Pagine: 197 - 224
Dettagli della rivista
License
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2183-3311
Prima pubblicazione
15 Dec 2016
Frequenza di pubblicazione
1 volta all'anno
Lingue
Inglese
Abstract

Finds pertaining to board games have been discovered during excavations in the northern Italian town of Cremona. Some objects were found in the recently published Piazza Marconi dig, in contexts belonging to three domus dated between the late Republic and the early Empire (40 BC - 69 AD). Thirteen black and white glass counters and two ivory dice were found in the remains of a wooden chest of drawers or cabinet in a probable service room of the “Domus del ninfeo”. A bone “Alexandrian” counter incised with a bird in flight and, on the reverse, the Roman numeral II and the Greek number B (beta) was found in the destruction levels following the drastic siege of Cremona by Vespasian troops during the civil war of 69 AD. Finally, a bone token in the form of an elongated parallelepiped (so-called tessera lusoria) with the word FICOSE inscribed on one side and the Roman numeral XIV on the other was found in the construction trench of an early Imperial house discovered during excavations underneath the Cathedral of Cremona. The paper will discuss in detail the finds, their contexts and their meanings.

Keywords

Adam-Veleni P. 2009. “Οστέινο εισιτήριο από την Αγορά Θεσσαλονίκης”, Kermatia Philias: Festschrift for Ioannis Touratsoglou, Athens, 601-605. Search in Google Scholar

Alföldi A. 1942-1943. Die Kontorniaten, Leipzig. Search in Google Scholar

Alföldi-Rosenbaum E. 1971. “The finger calculus in Antiquity and in the Middle Ages. Studies on Roman game counters”, FrühMitAltSt 5, 1-9. Search in Google Scholar

Alföldi-Rosenbaum E. 1975. “The Muses on Roman Game Counters”, Muse 9, 13-20. Search in Google Scholar

Alföldi-Rosenbaum E. 1976. “Alexandriaca. Studies on Roman Game Counters III”, Chiron 6, 205-239. Search in Google Scholar

Alföldi-Rosenbaum E. 1980. “Ruler Portraits on Roman Game Counters from Alexandria”, R.A. Stucky – I. Jucker (eds) Eikones. Studien zum griechischen und römischen Bildnis. Festschrift Hans Jucker zum sechzigsten Geburstag gewidmet, Bern, 29-39. Search in Google Scholar

Alföldi-Rosenbaum E. 1984. “Characters and Caricatures on Game Counters from Alexandria (Studies on Roman Game Counters 5)”, N. Bonacasa – A. Di Vita (eds), Alessandria e il mondo ellenistico-romano. Studi in onore di Achille Adriani, II, Roma, 378-390. Search in Google Scholar

Ameling W. – Cotton H.M. – Eck W. – Isaac B. – Kushnir-Stein A. – Misgav H. – Price J. – Yardeni A. (eds) 2011. Corpus Inscriptionum Iudaeae/Palestinae. II. Caesarea and the Middle Coast, Berlin – Boston.10.1515/9783110222180 Search in Google Scholar

Arslan Pitcher L. – Arslan E.A. – Blockley P. – Volonté M. (eds) 2017. Amoenissimis…aedificiis. Lo scavo di piazza Marconi a Cremona, 1. Lo scavo, Quingentole (MN). Search in Google Scholar

Arslan Pitcher L. – Arslan E.A. – Blockley P. – Volonté M. (eds) 2018. Amoenissimis…aedificiis. Lo scavo di piazza Marconi a Cremona, 2. I materiali, Quingentole (MN). Search in Google Scholar

Ayalon E. 2005. The Assemblage of Bone and Ivory Artifacts from Caesarea Maritima - Israel, 1st-13th centuries CE (BAR International Series, 1457), Oxford.10.30861/9781841718958 Search in Google Scholar

Bakhoum S. – Hellmann M.-C. 1992. “Wilhelm Fröhner, le commerce et les collections d’antiquités égyptiennes”, JSav, 155-186. Search in Google Scholar

Balil Illana A. 1987. “Tesserae lusoriae de Ampurias”, Archivo de Prehistoria Levantina 17, 331-336. Search in Google Scholar

Banducci L.M. 2015. “A Tessera Lusoria from Gabii and the afterlife of roman gaming”, Herom, Journal on Hellenistic and Roman Material Culture 4.2, 199-221. Search in Google Scholar

Baratta G. 2014. “Le tesserae lusoriae delle Isole Baleari”, C. Ferrando – B. Costa (eds), In amicitia. Miscel·lània d’estudis en homenatge a Jordi H. Fernández, Ibiza, 69-74. Search in Google Scholar

Baratta G. 2015. “Una tessera lusoria iscritta rinvenuta a Ruscino (Château-Roussillon, Perpignan, France)”, Sylloge Epigraphica Barcinonensis 13, 195-200. Search in Google Scholar

Baratta G. 2018a. “Le tesserae lusoriae di Siracusa”, Epigraphica 80, 518-538. Search in Google Scholar

Baratta G. 2018b. “Le tesserae lusoriae di Empúries: novità e riletture / The tesserae lusoriae from Empúries: news and news readings”, Sylloge Epigraphica Barcinonensis 16, 253-263. Search in Google Scholar

Baratta G. 2018c. “Un set di tesserae lusoriae da Corfinium”, Anuari de Filologia. Antiqva et Mediaevalia, 8, 134-147. Search in Google Scholar

Baratta G. 2018d. “Frammenti di gioco da Vrbs Salvia: su una tessera lusoria in osso”, Picus, 38, 57-64. Search in Google Scholar

Baratta G. 2019. Benest, malest: archeologia di un gioco tardo-repubblicano (Instrumenta, 67), Barcelona. Search in Google Scholar

Barnabei F. 1886. “Rugge (Rudiae, territorio del Comune di Lecce)”, NSc, 230-241. Search in Google Scholar

Behrens G. 1940. “Römische Lose in Tiergestalt”, Germania 24, 20-22. Search in Google Scholar

Bianchi C. 2015. “‘Pedine alessandrine’: testimoni illustri di un gioco ignoto”, F. Slavazzi – C. Lambrugo (eds), Tra Alea e Agon: giochi di abilità e di azzardo. I materiali della Collezione Archeologica Giulio Sambon di Milano, Catalogo Mostra (Milano, 2015), Firenze, 53-65. Search in Google Scholar

Bianchi C. 2018. “Oggetti in osso, palco e avorio”, Arslan Pitcher et alii 2018, 419-448. Search in Google Scholar

Bianchi C. 2021. “Les jetons historiés dits ‘alexandrins’ : bilan et propositions”, V. Dasen – M. Vespa (eds), Play and Games in Classical Antiquity: Definition, Transmission, Reception, Collection Jeu/Play/Spiel 2, Liège, 179-203. Search in Google Scholar

Blanchet J.A. 1889. “Tessères antiques théatrales et autres”, RA s. III, 13, 225-257. Search in Google Scholar

Blason Scarel S. 1992. “Schede nn. 86-96”, Instrumenta Inscripta Latina. Sezione aquileiese, Catalogo Mostra (Aquileia, 1992), Mariano del Friuli, 53-55. Search in Google Scholar

Borriello M.R. 1993. “Gaming pieces”, Riscoprire Pompei Catalogo Mostra (Roma, 1993-1994), Roma, 203. Search in Google Scholar

Borriello M.R. 2010. “Pedine da gioco”, S. De Caro – M. Scarpari (eds), I due imperi: l’aquila e il dragone, Catalogo Mostra (Milano, 2010), Milano, 329-330. Search in Google Scholar

Borriello M. – d’Ambrosio A. – De Caro S. – Guzzo P.G. (eds) 1997. Pompei. Abitare sotto il Vesuvio, Catalogo Mostra (Ferrara, 1997), Ferrara. Search in Google Scholar

Brizio E. 1887. “Perugia - Tombe etrusche scoperte nel Cimitero”, NSc, 391-397. Search in Google Scholar

Buitron D. – Oliver A. 1985. “Greek, Etruscan and Roman Ivories”, R.H. Randall Jr. (ed.), Masterpieces of Ivory from the Walters Art Gallery, New York, 54-79. Search in Google Scholar

Bulić F. 1897. “La tessera lusoria di Lissa”, BullArchStDalm 20, 10-13. Search in Google Scholar

Campagna L. 1995. “Cisterne e buca di scarico di età repubblicana a Vaste (Le). Scavi di Fondo S. Antonio. Appendice. Le tesserae lusoriae dalla cisterna 172”, StAnt 8, 282-288. Search in Google Scholar

Caravale A. 1994. “Le pedine alessandrine”, A. Giuliano (ed.), Museo Nazionale Romano. Avori e ossi, Roma, 88-93. Search in Google Scholar

Casagrande M. 2012. “Le sortes di Perugia”, M. Piranomonte M. – F.M. Simón (eds), Contesti Magici-Contextos mágicos, Atti del Convegno Internazionale (Roma, 2009), Roma, 247-252. Search in Google Scholar

Cecchini N. 2009. “L’edificio romano della cripta del Duomo di Cremona”, Bollettino Storico Cremonese, n.s. 13-14 (2006-2007), 15-72. Search in Google Scholar

Cecchini N. 2015. “Tessere parallelepipede”, F. Slavazzi – C. Lambrugo (eds), Tra Alea e Agon: giochi di abilità e di azzardo. I materiali della Collezione Archeologica Giulio Sambon di Milano, Catalogo Mostra (Milano, 2015), Firenze, 67-70. Search in Google Scholar

Cecchini N. – Bianchi C. – Diani M.G. 2015. “Le scoperte di Cremona”, F. Slavazzi – C. Lambrugo (eds), Tra Alea e Agon: giochi di abilità e di azzardo. I materiali della Collezione Archeologica Giulio Sambon di Milano, Catalogo Mostra (Milano, 2015), Firenze, 121-126. Search in Google Scholar

Ceci F. 2010. “Pedine circolari”, S. De Caro – M. Scarpari (eds), I due imperi: l’aquila e il dragone, Catalogo Mostra (Milano, 2010), Milano, 330. Search in Google Scholar

Pleket H.W. – Stroud R.S. – Chaniotis A. – Strubbe J.H.M. 1997. “Rhodes. Game piece or theater ticket? Roman Imperial Period”, Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum, 47, Amsterdam, 1264. Search in Google Scholar

Cocchiaro A. 1988. “La necropoli”, A. Cocchiaro – G. Andreassi (eds), La necropoli di via Cappuccini a Brindisi, Fasano, 63-230. Search in Google Scholar

Cocchiaro A. 1991. “Brindisi. Via Cappuccini. Tomba 15”, Viae Publicae Romanae, Catalogo Mostra (Roma, 1991), Roma, 161-174. Search in Google Scholar

Colivicchi F. 2007. Materiali in alabastro, vetro, avorio, osso, uova di struzzo (Materiali del Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Tarquinia XVI), Roma. Search in Google Scholar

Colonna F. 1890. “Pompei - Giornale degli Scavi”, NSc, 356-357. Search in Google Scholar

Cotton H.M. – Di Segni L. – Eck W. – Isaac B. – Kushnir-Stein A. – Misgav H. – Price J. – Yardeni A. (eds) 2012. Corpus Inscriptionum Iudaeae/Palestinae. I. Jerusalem, 2, Berlin – Boston. Search in Google Scholar

Davidson G.R. 1952. Corinth: the minor objects, XII, Princeton.10.2307/4390685 Search in Google Scholar

Deodato A. 2014. “Instrumentum e ornamenti in metallo, osso e faïence”, A. Gabucci – L. Pejrani Baricco – S. Ratto (eds), Per il Museo di Ivrea. La sezione archeologica del Museo P.A. Garda, Firenze, 133-148. Search in Google Scholar

Deonna W. 1938. Le mobilier délien, Explorations archéologiques de Délos (École Française d’Athènes, XVIII), Paris. Search in Google Scholar

De Palma G. – Facchin G. – Taffetani C. 2011. “Prime indagini nell’area retrostante il Tempio C”, G. Facchin – M. Milletti (eds), Materiali per Populonia 10, Pisa, 113-123. Search in Google Scholar

Diani M.G. 2018. “Vetri”, Arslan Pitcher et alii 2018, 315-340. Search in Google Scholar

Di Meo S. 2006. “I giochi”, M.A. Tomei (ed.), Roma. Memorie dal sottosuolo. Ritrovamenti archeologici 1980/2006, Catalogo Mostra (Roma 2006-2007), Milano, 211. Search in Google Scholar

Di Santi A. 2017. “From Egypt to Copenhagen. The provenance of the portraits of Augustus, Livia and Tiberius at the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek”, AnalRom 42, 33-46. Search in Google Scholar

Ferrandini Troisi F. 1997. “Un antico gioco da tavolo a Taranto”, Epigraphica 59, 225-229. Search in Google Scholar

Feugère M. 2009. “Militaria, objets en os et en métal”, C. Goudineau – D. Brentchaloff (eds), Le camp de la flotte d’Agrippa à Fréjus: les fouilles du quartier de Villeneuve (1979-1981), Paris, 107-177. Search in Google Scholar

Fragaki H. 2011. Images antiques d’Alexandrie : Ier siècle av. J.C. - VIIIe siècle ap. J.C. (Études Alexandrines, 20), Le Caire. Search in Google Scholar

Fröhner W. 1884. “Le comput digital”, Annuaire de la Société Française de Numismatique et d’Archéologie 8, 232-238. Search in Google Scholar

Fröhner W. 1901. “Tessères de jeu ou de comptoir”, Collection Auguste Dutuit: bronzes antiques, or et argent, ivoires, verres et sculptures en pierre [et incriptions], II, Paris, 149-158. Search in Google Scholar

Gabrici E. 1903. “Bolsena. Scoperte di antichità nell’area della città romana”, NSc, 357-375. Search in Google Scholar

Gagetti E. 2013. “Schede 111-113”, G. Gentili (ed.), Cleopatra. Roma e l’incantesimo dell’Egitto, Catalogo Mostra (Roma, 2013-2014), Milano, 283-284. Search in Google Scholar

Gamurrini G.F. 1887. “Nota del R. Comm. G.F. Gamurrini, intorno alle tessere iscritte di sopra accennate”, NSc, 397-398. Search in Google Scholar

Gavin J. – Schärlig A. 2014. Sur les doigts, jusqu’à 9999. La numération digitale, des Anciens à la Renaissance, Lausanne. Search in Google Scholar

Gavin J. – Schärlig A. 2019. “Tessères et numération digitale”, V. Dasen (ed.), Ludique. Jouer dans l’Antiquité, Catalogue de l’exposition, Lugdunum-musée et théâtres romains, 20 juin-1er décembre 2019, Gent, Lyon, 74-75. Search in Google Scholar

Gerogiannis G.M. 2017. “Tessera teatrale”, M. Osanna – C. Rescigno (eds), Pompei e i Greci, Catalogo Mostra (Pompei, 2017), Milano, 186. Search in Google Scholar

Giovannini A. 2006a. “Pedine alessandrine: nuove testimonianze sulla diffusione. Aquileia, Museo Archeologico Nazionale”, Instrumentum 24, 18-21. Search in Google Scholar

Giovannini A. 2006b. “Spigolature Aquileiesi: instrumenta domestica dai depositi del Museo Archeologico Nazionale. Vasellame ceramico miniaturistico, giocattoli, giochi”, HistriaAnt 14, 323-358. Search in Google Scholar

Giunio A.K. 2012. “Knowledges about public and private games from the Roman period from the holdings of the Archaeological Museum in Zadar”, HistriaAnt 21, 101-116. Search in Google Scholar

Goldman H. 1950. Excavations at Gözlü Kule Tarsus. The Hellenistic and Roman Period, Princeton. Search in Google Scholar

Gostenčnik K. 2005. Die Beinfunde vom Magdalensberg (Archaologische Forschungen zu den Grabungen auf dem Magdalensberg, 15), Klagenfurt. Search in Google Scholar

Gostenčnik K. 2019. “Drei tesserae lusoriae aus der Antikensammlung des Kunsthistorischen Museums in Wien”, M. Nollé – P.M. Rothenhöfer – G. Schmied-Kowarzik – H. Schwarz – H.C. von Mosch (eds), Panegyrikoi logoi. Festschrift für Johannes Nollé zum 65. Geburtstag, Bonn, 173-187. Search in Google Scholar

Graillot H. 1896. “Une Collection de tessères”, MÉFRA, 299-314. Search in Google Scholar

Guàrdia i Llorens M. 2017. “La tessera lusoria del Puig del Castell de Samalús (Barcelona): ¿más que fichas de juego?”, Zephyrus 80, 175-191.10.14201/zephyrus201780175191 Search in Google Scholar

Henzen G. 1848. “Tessere ed altri monumenti in osso posseduti da S.E. il Sig. Commend. Kestner”, Annali dell’Instituto di Corrispondenza Archeologica 20, 273-290; Monumenti inediti pubblicati dall’Instituto di Corrispondenza Archeologica 4, pls LII-LIII. Search in Google Scholar

Holliger Ch. – Holliger Cl. 1983. “Römische Spielsteine und Brettspiele”, GPVJ 5-24. Search in Google Scholar

Hülsen C. 1896. “Miscellanea epigrafica. XXI. Tessere lusorie”, MdI 11, 227-252. Search in Google Scholar

Isler H.P. 2003. “Monte Iato: scavi 1998-2000”, Atti delle Quarte giornate internazionali di studi sull’area elima (Erice, 2000), Pisa, 823-838. Search in Google Scholar

Jacob C.M. 2012. Morgantina, Sicily: the Bone and Ivory Objects, 459 B.C. to the First Century A.D., Dissertation, Rutgers University New Brunswick. Search in Google Scholar

Jentoft-Nilsen M. 1982. “Some objects relating to the theatre”, GettyMusJ 20, 159-164. Search in Google Scholar

Kondoleon C. (ed.) 2000. Antioch. The Lost Ancient City, Princeton. Search in Google Scholar

Kostromichyov D.A. 2012. “Tessera iz portovogo rayona Hrersonesa”, BC 13, 213-218. Search in Google Scholar

Koželj T. – Wurch-Koželj M. 2012. “Quelques jeux antiques identifiés à Thasos”, HistriaAnt 21, 25-38. Search in Google Scholar

Laurent M. 1903. “Tessères en os du Musée d’Athènes”, MusB 7, 83-87. Search in Google Scholar

Majcherek G. 1998. “Alexandria. Kom-el-Dikka excavations 1997”, PAM 9, 23-36. Search in Google Scholar

Manniez Y. 1984. Les objets en os d’époque gallo-romaine en Languedoc oriental (du Lez au Rhône), Mémoire de maîtrise d’histoire de l’art et d’archéologie, Université Montpellier III. Search in Google Scholar

Marangou L. 1976. Bone Carvings from Egypt. I. Graeco-Roman Period, Tübingen. Search in Google Scholar

Melissano V. 2012. “Tesserae lusoriae”, J. De Grossi Mazzorin (ed.), Artigiani dell’osso, avorio e palco. Ornamenti, utensili e giochi dalla preistoria al medioevo, Modugno (BA), 136-137. Search in Google Scholar

Mlasowsky A. 1991. Die antiken Tesseren in Kestner-Museum Hannover. Jetons, Spiel- und Verteilungsmarken im alten Rom, Hannover. Search in Google Scholar

Orsi P. 1920. “Siracusa. Sepolcri siculi sul ciglione meridionale dell’Epipole”, NSc 17, 303-327. Search in Google Scholar

Ostapenko S.N. 2016. “Bone tessera from Phanagoria” (in russian), Problemy istorii, filologii, kul’tury 4, 71-78. Search in Google Scholar

Pace A. in press a. “Nos fritillum dicimus. Nuovi dati sulla cultura materiale ludica di Pompei”, RStPomp, in press. Search in Google Scholar

Pace A. in press b. “Looking through the glass. Discussing the so-salled ‘glass counters’ from Pompeii”, MÉFRA, in press. Search in Google Scholar

Passi Pitcher L. 1989. “Gli scavi nell’area del Duomo”, Il Duomo e i suoi restauri, Cremona, 20-26. Search in Google Scholar

Passi Pitcher L. 2003. “Archeologia della colonia di Cremona: la città e il territorio”, P.L. Tozzi (ed.), Storia di Cremona. L’età antica, Azzano San Paolo (BG), 130-229. Search in Google Scholar

Passi Pitcher L. – Volonté M. 2007. “L’area della cattedrale di Cremona: scavi ed interpretazioni, dalle indagini di Mario Mirabella Roberti ad oggi”, Contributi di archeologia in memoria di Mario Mirabella Roberti, Annali Benacensi XIII-XIV, Atti del XVI Convegno Archeologico Benacense (Cavriana, 2005), Gussago (BS), 203-216. Search in Google Scholar

Petrie W.M.F. 1927. Objects of Daily Use Illustrated by the Egyptian Collection in University College, London, London Search in Google Scholar

Pingiatoglou S. 2012. “Πεσσός παιχνιδιού από το Δίον”, P. Adam-Veleni – K. Tsanavari (eds), Δινήεσσα. Festschrift for K. Rhomiopoulou, Thessaloniki, 529–534. Search in Google Scholar

Plantzos D. 2002. “A royal seal of Antiochos IV of Syria and some contemporary minima ptolemaica”, RBN 148, 33-39. Search in Google Scholar

Riad H. 1966. “Une collection de tessères au Musée Gréco-Romain d’Alexandrie”, Mélanges offerts à K. Michałowski, Varsavia, 157-166. Search in Google Scholar

Rodet-Belarbi I. – Lemoine Y. 2010. “Objets et déchets de l’artisanat de l’os, du bois de cerf et de l’ivoire à Fréjus (Var) de la période romaine à l’Antiquité tardive”, RANarb 43, 369-427.10.3406/ran.2010.1814 Search in Google Scholar

Rodríguez Martín F.G. 2016. “Tesserae lusoriae en Hispania”, Zephyrus 77, 207-220. Search in Google Scholar

Rodríguez Martín F.G. in preparation, La industria ósea en la Hispania romana. Search in Google Scholar

Rodziewicz E. 2007. Bone and Ivory Carvings from Alexandria. French Excavations 1992-2004, Cairo. Search in Google Scholar

Rodziewicz E. 2016. Ivory and Bone Sculpture in ancient Alexandria, Alexandria. Search in Google Scholar

Rostovtsev M. 1904. “[Tessere antiche in osso del Sud della Russia]” (in russian), Bulletin de la Commission Impériale Archéologique 10, 109-124. Search in Google Scholar

Rostovtsev M. 1905. “Interprétation des tessères en os avec figures, chiffres et légendes”, RA 5, 110-124. Search in Google Scholar

Rowan C. 2017. “Let’s play with the portrait of Augustus! “Tesserae” and Roman games” (online: blogs.warwick.ac.uk/numismatics/entry/lets_play_with/). Search in Google Scholar

Rowan C. 2019. “Jeu des latroncules”, V. Dasen (ed.), Ludique. Jouer dans l’Antiquité, Catalogue de l’exposition, Lugdunum-musée et théâtres romains, 20 juin-1er décembre 2019, Gent, Lyon, 84-85. Search in Google Scholar

Rustico L. 2013. “Giocattoli”, A. Capodiferro (ed.), Museo Nazionale Romano. Evan Gorga, La collezione di archeologia, Milano, 243-257. Search in Google Scholar

Sackett L.H. 1992. “Objects in bone and bone working”, Knossos. From Greek City to Roman Colony. Excavations at the Unexplored Mansion II, London, 379-389. Search in Google Scholar

Savelyev O. 2016. “Roman bone tesserae from Tyre” (in russian), Eminak 4, 16, 251-255. Search in Google Scholar

Schneider R.M. 2005. “Spielmarke mit Bild eines Tempels (?) und Obelisken”, H. Beck – P.C. Bol – M. Bückling (eds), Ägypten Griechenland Rom. Abwehr und Berührung, Frankfurt am Main-Tübingen, 726-727. Search in Google Scholar

Stern E. – Sharon I. 1995. “Tel Dor, 1993: Preliminary Report”, IEJ 45, 1, 26-36. Search in Google Scholar

Talamo E. 1997. “I giochi”, Riflessi di Roma. Impero Romano e Barbari del Baltico, Catalogo Mostra (Milano, 1997), Roma, 160-165. Search in Google Scholar

Tempesta A.L. 2012. “Pedine per gioco da tavola”, J. De Grossi Mazzorin (ed.), Artigiani dell’osso, avorio e palco. Ornamenti, utensili e giochi dalla preistoria al medioevo, Modugno (BA), 138-139. Search in Google Scholar

Ubl H. 1992. “Ein alexandrinischer Spielstein in Lauriacum (Enns, Oö)”, Mitteilungen des Museumsvereins Lauriacum Enns 30, 2-5 Search in Google Scholar

Vigna L.M. 2010. “Pedina da gioco”, S. De Caro – M. Scarpari (eds), I due imperi: l’aquila e il dragone, Catalogo Mostra (Milano, 2010), Milano, 329. Search in Google Scholar

Vinokurov N.I. – Treister M.Y. 2015. “A Tessera from the Layer of Destruction of the earlier Artezian Citadel” (in russian), Vestnik drevney istorii 4 (295), 227-239. Search in Google Scholar

Walker S. 2000. “Gettoni con ritratti”, S. Walker – P. Higgs (eds), Cleopatra regina d’Egitto, Catalogo Mostra (Roma, 2000-2001), Milano. Search in Google Scholar

Warren P.M. 1987-1988. “Knossos: stratigraphical museum excavations, 1978-82. Part IV”, AR 34, 86-104. Search in Google Scholar

Williams B.P. – Williams R.S. 1995. “Finger numbers in the Greco-Roman World and the Early Middle Ages”, Isis 86, 4, 587-608. Search in Google Scholar

Zei C. 1921. “Ferento (Viterbo). Scoperta di tombe di età repubblicana”, NSc, 215-224. Search in Google Scholar

Articoli consigliati da Trend MD

Pianifica la tua conferenza remota con Sciendo