The paper presents how the parameters defining the state of the atmosphere: pressure, temperature, humidity, are affecting performance of the aircraft turbine engines and their durability. Also negative impact of dust pollution level is considered as an important source of engine deterioration. Article highlights limitation of the aircraft takeoff weight (TOW) and requirements for length of the runways depending on weather condition changes. These problems stem from the growing “demand” of gas turbine engines for an air. The highest thrust engines have air mass flow more than 1000 kg/s. Engine inlet ice formation is presented as a result of weather conditions and inlet duct design features.