Accesso libero

Occupational Exposure to Respirable Crystalline Silica in the Iranian Mazandaran Province Industry Workers



1. U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). “Crystalline Silica Exposure” Health Hazard Information for Construction Employees [displayed 13 July 2011]. Available at in Google Scholar

2. Rosner D, Markowitz G. Deadly Dust: Silicosis and the On- Going Struggle to Protect Workers health. 2nd ed. Ann Arbor (MI): The University of Michigan Press; 2006.10.3998/mpub.124394Search in Google Scholar

3. American Thoracic Society. Adverse effects of crystalline silica exposure. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1997;155:761-8.10.1164/ajrccm.155.2.90322269032226Search in Google Scholar

4. Calvert GM, Rice FL, Boiano JM, Sanderson WT. Occupational silica exposure and risk of various diseases: an analysis using death certificates from 27 states of the United States. Occup Environ Med 2003;60:122-9.10.1136/oem.60.2.122174046712554840Search in Google Scholar

5. Goldsmith D. Relationship of exposures to crystalline silica and health effects: An Epidemiologist view of the controversy 2006 [displayed 13 July 2011]. Available at in Google Scholar

6. Green FHY, Vallyathan V. Pathologic responses to inhaled silica. In: Castranova V, Vallyathan V, Wallace W E, editors. Silica and silica-induced lung diseases. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press; 1996. p. 39-59.Search in Google Scholar

7. International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Silica. IARC Monographs Program on the Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Humans. Vol. 68. Lyon: IARC; 1997.Search in Google Scholar

8. McDonald JC, McDonald AD, Hughes JM, Rando RJ, Weill H. Mortality from lung and kidney disease in a cohort of North American industrial sand workers: an update. Ann Occp Hyg 2005;49:367-73.Search in Google Scholar

9. Rafnsson V, Ingimarsson O, Hjalmarsson I, Gunnarsdottir H. Association between crystalline silica exposure and risk of sarcoidosis. Occup Environ Med 1998;55:657-60.10.1136/oem.55.10.65717575159930085Search in Google Scholar

10. Steenland K. One agent, many diseases: exposure-response data and comparative risks of different outcomes following silica exposure. Am J Ind Med 2005;48:16-23.10.1002/ajim.2018115940719Search in Google Scholar

11. Rees D, Murray J. Silica, silicosis and tuberculosis. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2007;11:474-84.Search in Google Scholar

12. Chen W, Yang J, Chen J, Bruch J. Exposures to silica mixed dust and cohort mortality study in tin mines: exposureresponse analysis and risk assessment of lung cancer. Am J Ind Med 2005;49:67-76.10.1002/ajim.2024816362950Search in Google Scholar

13. Berry G, Rogers A, Yeung P. Silicosis and lung cancer: a mortality study of compensated men with silicosis in New South Wales, Australia. Occup Med 2004;54:387-94.10.1093/occmed/kqh02915347775Search in Google Scholar

14. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). NIOSH Workplace Safety and Health Topics, Silica [displayed 13 July 2011]. Available at in Google Scholar

15. Talvitie NA. Determination of free silica: gravimetric and spectrophotometric procedure applicable to air-borne and settled dust. Am Ind Hyg Assoc J 1964;25:169-78.10.1080/0002889640934257314125869Search in Google Scholar

16. Federal Register. US code of Federal Regulations 29CFR-1910.1200. Hazard communication. 1st ed. Washington (DC). Federal Register National Archives and Records Administration; 1998.Search in Google Scholar

17. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Silica, Crystalline by IR (KBr pellet) 7602. NIOSH manual of analytical methods. 4th ed [displayed 13 July 2011]. Available at in Google Scholar

18. American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH). Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices. Cincinnati (OH); ACGIH; 2008.Search in Google Scholar

19. Iranian Technical Committee of Occupational Health (ITCOH). Occupational Exposure Limit for Chemical Substances. Tehran: ITCOH; 2012.Search in Google Scholar

20. Azari MR, Rokni M, Salehpour S, Mehrabi Y, Jafari MJ, Moaddeli AN, Movahedi M, Ramazankhani A, Hatami H, Mosavian MA, Ramazani B. Risk assessment of workers exposed to crystalline silica aerosols in the east zone of Tehran. Tanaffos 2009;8:43-50.Search in Google Scholar

21. Freeman CS, Grossman EA. Silica exposures in workplaces in the United States between 1980 and 1992. Scand J Work Environ Health 1997;21(Suppl 2):47-9.Search in Google Scholar

22. Akbar- Khanzadeh F, Brillhart RL. Respirable crystalline silica dust exposure during concrete finishing (grinding) using hand-held grinders in the construction industries. Ann Occup Hyg 2002;46:341-6.Search in Google Scholar

23. Dehghan HA, Rzavizadeh ND. Survey of free silica level in the workers’ breathing zone in the Qazvin glass factory using X-ray diffraction. Iran J Pub Health 1999;4:121-32.Search in Google Scholar

24. National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). A guide to working safety with silica: if it’s silica, it’s not just 1997 [displayed 19 September 2011]. Available at in Google Scholar

Inglese, Slovenian
Frequenza di pubblicazione:
4 volte all'anno
Argomenti della rivista:
Medicine, Basic Medical Science, other