1. bookVolume 21 (2015): Edizione 4 (December 2015)
Dettagli della rivista
License
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2080-6574
Prima pubblicazione
24 Dec 2009
Frequenza di pubblicazione
3 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese
access type Accesso libero

Reconstruction of the pre-compactional thickness of the Zechstein Main Dolomite in northwest Poland

Pubblicato online: 22 Jan 2016
Volume & Edizione: Volume 21 (2015) - Edizione 4 (December 2015)
Pagine: 303 - 314
Ricevuto: 20 Mar 2015
Accettato: 15 Sep 2015
Dettagli della rivista
License
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2080-6574
Prima pubblicazione
24 Dec 2009
Frequenza di pubblicazione
3 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese
Abstract

Our reconstruction of the pre-compactional thickness of the Main Dolomite strata from the so-called Grotów Peninsula (northwest Poland) was based on macroscopic observations of drill cores from three wells: Mokrzec-1, Sieraków-4 and Międzychód-5. These wells are located in various palaeogeographical zones of the Main Dolomite and cored rocks represent a range of microfacies. The amount of compactional reduction in thickness of the Main Dolomite was estimated by summing the total heights (Wst) of all stylolites encountered in logs of these wells. For calculations, a generalised model of a drill core was developed, which embraced all types of stylolite seams present in the Main Dolomite succession studied. Also the method of stylolite dimensioning was demonstrated. The number of stylolites in the drill cores studied varied from 511 in the Sieraków-4 well to 1,534 in the Międzychód-5 well. In all cores studied low-amplitude macrostylolites predominated, but the reduction of thickness was controlled mostly by the low- and medium-amplitude macrostylolites. The largest number of stylolites was found in the grainstone/packstone microfacies. The turnout of stylolites depends of microfacies. The highest density of stylolites was documented in mudstones/wackestones (24 stylolites per metre of rock thickness) and the lowest in boundstones (14 stylolites per metre of rock thickness). The low-amplitude stylolites appear most frequently in the mudstone/wackestone microfacies (15 stylolites per metre of rock thickness); in grainstones/packstones, rudstones/floatstones and boundstones middle-amplitude stylolites are rare (3 stylolites per metre of rock thickness). The degree of compaction of the Main Dolomite succession studied varied from 6 to 10%; hence, its calculated initial thickness also varied in the wells studied: from 41.3 m in the Sieraków-4 well to 56.9 m in the Mokrzec-1 well and to 97.1 m in the Międzychód-5 well. The volumes of reservoir fluids expelled during compaction of 1 m3 of Main Dolomite carbonates were estimated as 56 l in the Sieraków-4 well, 90 l in the Mokrzec-1 well and 97 l in the Międzychód-5 well.

Keywords

Agosta, F. & Kirschner, D.L., 2003. Fluid conduits in carbonate-hosted seismogenic normal faults of Central Italy. Journal of Geophysical Research 108, B4, 1–13.10.1029/2002JB002013Search in Google Scholar

Agosta, F., Alessandroni, M., Tondi, E. & Aydin, A., 2009. Oblique normal faulting along the northern edge of the Majella anticline, central Italy: inferences on hydrocarbon migration and accumulation. Journal of Structural Geology 31, 674–690.10.1016/j.jsg.2009.03.012Search in Google Scholar

Agosta, F., Alessandroni, M., Antonellini, M., Tondi, E. & Giorgioni, M., 2010. From fractures to flow: a field-based quantitative analysis of an outcropping carbonate reservoir. Tectonophysics 490, 197–213.10.1016/j.tecto.2010.05.005Search in Google Scholar

Andrews, L.M. & Railsbak, L.B., 1997. Controls on stylolite development: morphologic, lithologic, and temporal evidence form bedding-parallel and transverse stylolites from the US Appalachians. Journal of Geology 105, 59–73.10.1086/606147Search in Google Scholar

Aplin, A.C., Yang, Y.& Hansen, S., 1995. Assessment of the compression coefficient of mudstones and its relationship with detailed lithology. Marine and Petroleum Geology 12, 995–963.10.1016/0264-8172(95)98858-3Search in Google Scholar

Aydin, A., 2000. Fractures, faults, and hydrocarbon entrapment, migration and flow. Marine and Petroleum Geology 17, 797–814.10.1016/S0264-8172(00)00020-9Search in Google Scholar

Barrett, P. J., 1964. Residual Seams and Cementation in Oligocene Shell Calcarenites, Te Kuiti Group. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 34, 524–531.10.1306/74D710D7-2B21-11D7-8648000102C1865DSearch in Google Scholar

Bathurst, R.G.C.,1975. Carbonate Sediments and their Diagenesis. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 658.Search in Google Scholar

Bathurst, R.G.C., 1984. The integration of pressure solution with mechanical compaction and cementation. In: Yahya, F.A. (Ed.), Stylolites and associated phenomena. Relevance to Hydrocarbon Reservoirs. Abu Dhabi National. Reserves. Found., 41–55.Search in Google Scholar

Bathurst, R.G.C., 1987. Diagenetically enhanced bedding in argillaceous platform limestone: stratified cementation and selective compaction. Sedimentology 34, 749–779.10.1111/j.1365-3091.1987.tb00801.xSearch in Google Scholar

Bathurst, R.G.C., 1995. Burial diagenesis of limestones under simple overburden. Stylolites, cementation, and feedback: Bulletin de La Societe Geologique de France 166, 181–192.Search in Google Scholar

Ben-Itzhak, L.L., Aharonov, E., Toussaint, R. & Sagy, A., 2012. Upper bound on stylolite roughness as indicator for amount of dissolution. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 337–338, 186–196.10.1016/j.epsl.2012.05.026Search in Google Scholar

Bonnetier, E., Misbah, C., Renard, F., Toussaint, R. & Gratier, J. P., 2009. Does roughening of rock-fluid-rock interfaces emerge from a stress-induced instability? European Physical Journal B. 67, 121–131.10.1140/epjb/e2009-00002-2Search in Google Scholar

Broichhausen, H., Littke, R. & Hantschel, T., 2005. Mudstone compaction and its influence on overpressure generation, elucidated by 3D case study in the North Sea. International Journal of Earth Sciences 94, 956–978.10.1007/s00531-005-0014-1Search in Google Scholar

Brouste, A., Renard, F., Gratier, J.P. & Schmittbuhl, J., 2007. Variety of stylolites morphologies and statistical characterization of the amount of heterogeneities in the rock. Journal of Structural Geology 29, 422–434.10.1016/j.jsg.2006.09.014Search in Google Scholar

Bushinskiy, G.I., 1961. Stylolites. Jzvestiya Akademia Nauk S.S.S.R., Serie Correlación Geológica 8, 31–46.Search in Google Scholar

Buxton, T.M. & Sibley, D.F., 1981. Pressure solution features in a shallow buried limestone. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 51, 19–26.10.1306/212F7BF8-2B24-11D7-8648000102C1865DSearch in Google Scholar

Choquette, P.W. & James, N.P., 1990. Limestones – The Burial Diagenetic Environment. Geoscience, Canada, 75–112.Search in Google Scholar

Clari, P. & Martire, L., 1996. Interplay of cementation, mechanical compaction, and chemical compaction in nodular limestones of the Rosso Ammonitico Veronese (middle-upper Jurassic, northeastern Italy). Journal of Sedimentary Research 66, 447–458.10.1306/D426836F-2B26-11D7-8648000102C1865DSearch in Google Scholar

Conybeare, C.E.B., 1949. Stylolites in Pre-Cambrian quartzite. Journal of Geology 57, 83–85.10.1086/625578Search in Google Scholar

Coogan, A.H., 1970. Measurement of compaction in oolitic grainstone. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 40, 921–929.10.1306/74D720E5-2B21-11D7-8648000102C1865DSearch in Google Scholar

Czekański, E., Kwolek, K. & Mikołajewski, Z., 2010. Złoża węglowodorów w utworach cechsztyńskiego dolomitu głównego (Ca2) na bloku Gorzowa [Hydrocarbon fields in the Zechstein Main Dolomite (Ca2) of the Gorzów Block (NW Poland)]. Przegląd Geologiczny 58, 695–703.Search in Google Scholar

Dadlez, R. & Jaroszewski, W., 1994. Tektonika [Tectonics] Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa, 743.Search in Google Scholar

Dunham, R.J., 1962. Classification of carbonare rocks according to depositional texture. In: Ham, W.E., (Ed.): Classification of carbonate rocks. A Symposium of American Associaction of Petroleum Geology, 1, 108–121.10.1306/M1357Search in Google Scholar

Dunnington, H.V., 1967. Aspects of diagenesis and shape change in stylolitic limestone reservoirs. Proceedings of the 7th World Petroleum Congress. Journal of the Middle East Petroleum Geosciences 339–352.Search in Google Scholar

Ebner, M., Koehn, D., Toussaint, R., Renard, F. & Schmittbuhl, J., 2009. Stress sensitivity of stylolite morphology. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 277, 394–398.10.1016/j.epsl.2008.11.001Search in Google Scholar

Ehrenberg, S.M., 2006. Porosity destruction in carbonate platforms. Journal of Petroleum Geology 29, 41–55.10.1111/j.1747-5457.2006.00041.xSearch in Google Scholar

Fairbridge, R.W.,1968. Encyclopedia of Geomorphology. Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross, Pennsylvania, 1295 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Flügel, E., 2004. Microfacies of carbonate rocks. Analysis, Interpretation and Application. Springer, New York, 983.10.1007/978-3-662-08726-8Search in Google Scholar

Füchtbauer, H., 1974. Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks, 1. Schweizerbart`sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart, 1–464.Search in Google Scholar

Glover, J. E., 1968. Significance of stylolites in dolomitic limestones. Nature 217, 835–836.10.1038/217835a0Search in Google Scholar

Goldhammer, R.K., 1997. Compaction and decompaction algorithms for sedimentary carbonates. Journal of Sedimentary Research 67, 26–35.10.1306/D42684E1-2B26-11D7-8648000102C1865DSearch in Google Scholar

Gradziński, R., Kostecka, A., Radomski, A. & Unrug, R., 1986. Zarys sedymentologii [Outline of Sedimentology]. Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 628 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Heald, M.T., 1955. Stylolites in sandstone. Journal of Geology 63, 101–114.10.1086/626237Search in Google Scholar

Heap, M.J., Baud, P., Reuschlé, T. & Meredith, P.G., 2014. Stylolites in limestones: Barriers to fluid flow? Geology 42, 51–54.10.1130/G34900.1Search in Google Scholar

Jaworowski, K. & Mikołajewski, Z., 2007. Oil- and gas-bearing sediments of the Main Dolomite (Ca2) in the Międzychód region: a depositional model and the problem of the boundary between the second and third depositional sequences in the Polish Zechstein Basin. Przegląd Geologiczny 55, 1017–1024.Search in Google Scholar

Kaplan, M.Ye., 1976. Origin of stylolites. Earth Science Section 211, 205–207.Search in Google Scholar

Katsman, R. & Aharonov, E., 2006. A study of compaction bands originating from crack, notches, and compacted defects. Journal of Structural Geology 28, 508–518.10.1016/j.jsg.2005.12.007Search in Google Scholar

Katsman, R., Aharonov, E. & Scher, H., 2005. Numerical simulation of compaction bands in high-porosity sedimentary rock. Mechanics of Materials 37, 143–162.10.1016/j.mechmat.2004.01.004Search in Google Scholar

Kiełt, M., 2002. Geofizyka wiertnicza w poszukiwaniach węglowodorów. Strukturalne i sedymentologiczne zastosowanie otworowych profilowań geofizycznych [Well-log geophysics in hydrocarbon exploration. Structural and sedimentological application of geophysical logs]. Adam Marszałek Publishing House, Toruń, 543.Search in Google Scholar

Kijewski, P. & Kaszper, J., 1973. Tekstury stylolitowe w cechsztyńskich skałach węglanowych poziomu W1 monokliny przedsudeckiej [Stylolitic textures in the Zeichstein carbonate rocks of the horizon W1 of the Fore-Sudetic Monocline]. Geological Quarterly 17, 497–506.Search in Google Scholar

Kochman, A., 2006. Wybrane metody szacowania kompakcji w osadach węglanowych [Different methods for reconstruction of compaction applied in limestones]. Technika Poszukiwań Geologicznych: Geotermia, Zrównoważony Rozwój 45, 35–43.Search in Google Scholar

Koepnick, R.B., 1988. Significance of Stylolite Development in Hydrocarbon Reservoirs with an Emphasis on the Lower Cretaceous of the Middle East. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 22, 23–43.10.7186/bgsm22198802Search in Google Scholar

Kotarba, M.& Wagner, R., 2007. Generation potential of the Zechstein Main Dolomite (Ca2) carbonates in the Gorzów Wielkopolski–Międzychód–Lubiatów area: geological and geochemical approach to microbial-algal source rock. Przegląd Geologiczny 55, 1025–1036.Search in Google Scholar

Krzesińska, A., Redlińska-Marczyńska, A., Wilkosz, P. & Żelaźniewicz, A., 2010. Struktury hydratacyjne i deformacyjne w skalach czapy gipsowej wysadu solnego Dębiny w rowie Kleszczowa [Deformation and hydrational structures in cap rocks of the Dębina Salt Dome, the Kleszczów Graben, central Poland]. Przegląd Geologiczny 58, 522–530.Search in Google Scholar

Larsen, G. & Chilingar, G.V., 1979. Diagenesis in Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 579 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Leythaeuser, D., Borromeo, O., Mosca, F., Primio, R., Radke, M. & Schaefer, R.G., 1995. Pressure solution in carbonate source rocks and its control on petroleum generation and migration. Marine and Petroleum Geology 12, 711–733.10.1016/0264-8172(95)93597-WSearch in Google Scholar

Matyszkiewicz, J., 1996. Wybrane problemy diagenezy osadów węglanowych [Selected problems of diagenesis of carbonate rocks]. Przegląd Geologiczny 44, 596–603.Search in Google Scholar

Mikołajewski, Z. & Słowakiewicz, M., 2008. Microfacies and diagenesis of the Main Dolomite (Ca2) strata in the Międzychód barrier area (Grotów Peninsula, Western Poland). Biuletyn Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego 429, 191–198.Search in Google Scholar

Moore, C.H., 2001. Carbonate Reservoirs: Porosity Evolution and Diagenesis in a Sequence Stratigraphic Framework. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 444 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Mossop, G.D., 1972. Origin of the peripheral rim, Redwater Reef, Alberta. Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology 20, 238–280.Search in Google Scholar

Neugenbauer, J., 1973. The diagenetic problem of chalk the role of pressure solution and pore fluid. Neues Jahrbuch fur Geologie und Palaontologie 143, 223–245.Search in Google Scholar

Park, W.C. & Schot, E.K., 1968. Stylolites: Their nature and origin. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 38, 175–191.10.1306/74D71910-2B21-11D7-8648000102C1865DSearch in Google Scholar

Peacock, D.C.P. & Azzam, I.N., 2006. Development and scaling relationships of a stylolite population. Journal of Structural Geology 28, 1883–1889.10.1016/j.jsg.2006.04.008Search in Google Scholar

Peryt, T. M., 1978. Charakterystyka mikrofacjalna cechsztyńskich osadów węglanowych cyklotemu pierwszego i drugiego na obszarze Monokliny Przedsudeckiej [Microfacies of the carbonate sediments of the Zechstein Werra and Stassfurt cyclothems in the Fore-Sudetic Monocline]. Studia Geologica Polonica 54, 1–88.Search in Google Scholar

Peryt, T.M. & Dyjaczyński, K., 1991. An isolated carbonate bank in the Zechstein Main Dolomite basin, Western Poland. Journal of Petroleum Geology 14, 445–458.10.1111/j.1747-5457.1991.tb01036.xSearch in Google Scholar

Protas, A., Wojtkowiak, Z., 2000. Blok Gorzowa. Geologia dolnego cechsztynu [The Gorzów Block. Geology of the Lower Zechstein]. Guide to 71st Congress of the Polish Geological Society, 163–171.Search in Google Scholar

Radlicz, K., 1966. Tekstury stylolitowe [The structures of stylolites]. Geological Quarterly 10, 367–382.Search in Google Scholar

Ramsden, R.M., 1952. Stylolites and oil migration. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin 36, 2185–2192.10.1306/5CEADBCC-16BB-11D7-8645000102C1865DSearch in Google Scholar

Renard, F., Schmittbuhl, J., Gratier, J.P., Meakin, P. & Merino, E.M., 2004. Three-dimensional roughness of stylolites in limestones. Journal of Geophysical Research 109, B3, 1–12.10.1029/2003JB002555Search in Google Scholar

Ricken, W., 1987. The carbonate compaction law: a new tool. Sedimentology 34, 571–584.10.1111/j.1365-3091.1987.tb00787.xSearch in Google Scholar

Rustichelli, A., Tondi, E., Agosta, F., Cilona, A. & Giorgioni, M., 2012. Development and distribution of bed-parallel compaction bands and pressure solution seams in carbonates (Bolognano Formation, Majella Mountain, Italy). Journal of Structural Geology 37, 181–199.10.1016/j.jsg.2012.01.007Search in Google Scholar

Schmittbuhl, J., Renard, F., Gratier, J.P. & Toussaint, R., 2004. Roughness of Stylolites: Implications of 3D High Resolution Topography Measurements. The American Physical Society 93, 1–4.10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.238501Search in Google Scholar

Scholle, P.A. & Halley, R.B., 1985. Burial diagenesis: out of sight, out of mind. In: Carbonate Cements. Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Special Publication 36, 135–160.10.1029/SC004p0135Search in Google Scholar

Semyrka, R., 1985. Uwarunkowania roponośności dolomitu głównego na obszarze Pomorza Zachodniego [Dependences of oil-bearing capacity of Main Dolomite in the region of Pomorze Zachodnie]. Prace Geologiczne Polskiej Akademii Nauk 129, 1–113.Search in Google Scholar

Sheppard, T.H., 2002. Stylolite development at sites of primary and diagenetic fabric contrast within the Sutton Stone (Lower Lias), Ogmore-by-Sea, Glamorgan, UK. Proceedings of the Geologists Association II3, 97–109.10.1016/S0016-7878(02)80013-XSearch in Google Scholar

Shinn, E.A. & Robbin, D.M., 1983. Mechanical and chemical compaction in fine-grained shallow-water limestones. Journal of Petroleum Geology 53, 595–618.10.1306/212F8242-2B24-11D7-8648000102C1865DSearch in Google Scholar

Sinha-Roy, S., 2002. Kinetics of differentiated stylolite formation. Current Science 82, 1038–1046.Search in Google Scholar

Słowakiewicz, M. & Mikołajewski, Z., 2009. Sequence stratigraphy of the Upper Permian Zechstein Main Dolomite carbonates in Western Poland: a new approach. Journal of Petroleum Geology 32, 215–234.10.1111/j.1747-5457.2009.00445.xSearch in Google Scholar

Stockdale, P.B., 1926. The stratigraphic significance of solution in rocks. Journal of Geology 34, 399–414.10.1086/623326Search in Google Scholar

Strzetelski, W., 1977. Rozwój procesów stylolityzacji i deformacji epigenetycznych w aspekcie roponośności piaskowców kwarcytowych kambru środkowego w rejonie Żarnowca [The evolution of stylolitization and epigenetic deformations in the Middle Cambrian oil-bearing quartzose sandstones in the area of Żarnowiec (Northern Poland)]. Rocznik Polskiego Towarzystwa Geologicznego 47, 559–584.Search in Google Scholar

Środoń, J., 1996. Minerały ilaste w procesach diagenezy [Clay minerals in diagenetic processes]. Przegląd Geologiczny 44, 604–607.Search in Google Scholar

Tucker, M.E. & Wright, V.P., 1990. Carbonate Sedimentology. Blackwell, Oxford, 482 pp.10.1002/9781444314175Search in Google Scholar

Twardowski, K. & Traple, J., 2008. O kompakcji utworów geologicznych. [Compaction of geologic formations]. Wiertnictwo, Nafta, Gaz 25, 53–62.Search in Google Scholar

Vandeginste, V. & John, C.M., 2013. Diagenetic implications of stylolitization in pelagic carbonates, Canterbury Basin, Offshore New Zealand. Journal of Sedimentary Research 83, 226–240.10.2110/jsr.2013.18Search in Google Scholar

Wagner, R., 1994. Stratigraphy and evolution of the Zechstein basin in the Polish Lowland. Prace Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego 166, 1–71.Search in Google Scholar

Wanless, H.R., 1979. Limestone response to stress: pressure solution and dolomitization. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 49, 437–462.10.1306/212F7766-2B24-11D7-8648000102C1865DSearch in Google Scholar

Waschs, D. & Hein, J.R., 1974. Petrography and diagenesis of Franciscan limestone. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 44, 1217–1231.10.1306/212F6C7B-2B24-11D7-8648000102C1865DSearch in Google Scholar

Westphal, H., 1998. Carbonate platform slopes – a record of changing conditions. The Pliocene of the Bahamas. Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences 75, Springer, Heidelberg, 197.Search in Google Scholar

Westphal, H.& Munnecke, A., 1997. Mechanical compaction versus early cementation in fine-grained limestones: differentiation by the presentation of organic microfossils. Sedimentary Geology 112, 33–42.10.1016/S0037-0738(97)00033-XSearch in Google Scholar

Young, R.B., 1945. Stylolitic solution in Witwatersrand quartzites. Transactions of Geological Society of South Africa 47, 137–142.Search in Google Scholar

Articoli consigliati da Trend MD

Pianifica la tua conferenza remota con Sciendo