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Volume 10 (2021): Issue 1-2 (December 2021)

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Volume 9 (2020): Issue 1 (August 2020)

Volume 8 (2019): Issue 2 (December 2019)

Volume 8 (2019): Issue 1 (July 2019)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2285-388X
First Published
05 Dec 2019
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 8 (2019): Issue 1 (July 2019)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2285-388X
First Published
05 Dec 2019
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English

Search

3 Articles
Open Access

Evidence Based Relationship Between Healthcare Infrastructure and Nosocomial Infections in Romania

Published Online: 17 Dec 2020
Page range: 1 - 14

Abstract

Abstract

We investigate the regional dynamic of nosocomial infections in Romanian hospitals, and find potential predictors. Our data covers 13 years, and refer to the incidence of nosocomial infections for each of the 42 Romanian administrative units every year. A preliminary cluster analysis reveals that there is heterogeneity across counties both in terms of average, and variability of nosocomial infections incidence. The heterogeneity can be explained to an important degree by the local level of healthcare infrastructure, urbanization rate and economic development. Supporting programs and clear standards for quality assurance must accompany the investment in health infrastructure, and the development of new out – care units should be prioritized

Keywords

  • Nosocomial infections
  • Healthcare infrastructure
  • Cluster analysis
  • Panel data econometrics

JEL Classification

  • A12
  • C23
  • I15
Open Access

Mortality Phenomenon Analysis on Adult Population Under the Influence of Economic Factors in European Context

Published Online: 17 Dec 2020
Page range: 15 - 25

Abstract

Abstract

The mortality rate is a global indicator that reflects the standard of living and the population health condition, but also a variable that shows the social-economic development of a society. This paper proposes the investigation of some economic conditions and their influence on mortality by literature reviewing and also through a statistic analysis based on 28 European Union countries.

In order to study the tendencies of this phenomenon, it was analyzed the influence of some economic factors like the GDP per capita, income discrepancies, inflation rate, budget deficit and also the “snowball” effect for 16 years (from 2000 to 2016) using a panel regression model with fixed effects. The resulted regression model captures the major changes on a long term of mortality rate trend for the population aged 15 and 65 years.

Keywords

  • mortality rate
  • economic
  • panel regression model
  • European Union

JEL Classification

  • I12
  • C23
Open Access

Quantifying the Effects of Climate Change on Crop Production

Published Online: 17 Dec 2020
Page range: 26 - 42

Abstract

Abstract

This study attempts to analyze the impact of climate change on crop production using household consumption survey collected by the national institute of statistics and data imported from the department of statistics of ministry of agriculture and rural development. The main research question is: what is the relationship between climate change and crop production? Methodologically, used is made of instrumental variable and control function models to compute for the data. We realized that to a lesser extent climate change has an effect on agricultural production and more of a fishing phenomenon. In terms of policy, mainstreaming climate change adaptation into national development strategy and budgets could promote proactive engagement on the formulation and implementation of climate change adaptation strategy; this is a wise step towards increasing crop production and malnutrition reduction.

Keywords

  • Quantifying
  • Effects
  • Climate Change
  • Crop Production
  • Cameroon

JEL Classification

  • T12
  • D23
  • T34
3 Articles
Open Access

Evidence Based Relationship Between Healthcare Infrastructure and Nosocomial Infections in Romania

Published Online: 17 Dec 2020
Page range: 1 - 14

Abstract

Abstract

We investigate the regional dynamic of nosocomial infections in Romanian hospitals, and find potential predictors. Our data covers 13 years, and refer to the incidence of nosocomial infections for each of the 42 Romanian administrative units every year. A preliminary cluster analysis reveals that there is heterogeneity across counties both in terms of average, and variability of nosocomial infections incidence. The heterogeneity can be explained to an important degree by the local level of healthcare infrastructure, urbanization rate and economic development. Supporting programs and clear standards for quality assurance must accompany the investment in health infrastructure, and the development of new out – care units should be prioritized

Keywords

  • Nosocomial infections
  • Healthcare infrastructure
  • Cluster analysis
  • Panel data econometrics

JEL Classification

  • A12
  • C23
  • I15
Open Access

Mortality Phenomenon Analysis on Adult Population Under the Influence of Economic Factors in European Context

Published Online: 17 Dec 2020
Page range: 15 - 25

Abstract

Abstract

The mortality rate is a global indicator that reflects the standard of living and the population health condition, but also a variable that shows the social-economic development of a society. This paper proposes the investigation of some economic conditions and their influence on mortality by literature reviewing and also through a statistic analysis based on 28 European Union countries.

In order to study the tendencies of this phenomenon, it was analyzed the influence of some economic factors like the GDP per capita, income discrepancies, inflation rate, budget deficit and also the “snowball” effect for 16 years (from 2000 to 2016) using a panel regression model with fixed effects. The resulted regression model captures the major changes on a long term of mortality rate trend for the population aged 15 and 65 years.

Keywords

  • mortality rate
  • economic
  • panel regression model
  • European Union

JEL Classification

  • I12
  • C23
Open Access

Quantifying the Effects of Climate Change on Crop Production

Published Online: 17 Dec 2020
Page range: 26 - 42

Abstract

Abstract

This study attempts to analyze the impact of climate change on crop production using household consumption survey collected by the national institute of statistics and data imported from the department of statistics of ministry of agriculture and rural development. The main research question is: what is the relationship between climate change and crop production? Methodologically, used is made of instrumental variable and control function models to compute for the data. We realized that to a lesser extent climate change has an effect on agricultural production and more of a fishing phenomenon. In terms of policy, mainstreaming climate change adaptation into national development strategy and budgets could promote proactive engagement on the formulation and implementation of climate change adaptation strategy; this is a wise step towards increasing crop production and malnutrition reduction.

Keywords

  • Quantifying
  • Effects
  • Climate Change
  • Crop Production
  • Cameroon

JEL Classification

  • T12
  • D23
  • T34

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