Magazine et Edition

AHEAD OF PRINT

Volume 60 (2022): Edition 3 (September 2022)

Volume 60 (2022): Edition 2 (June 2022)

Volume 60 (2022): Edition 1 (March 2022)

Volume 59 (2021): Edition 4 (December 2021)

Volume 59 (2021): Edition 3 (September 2021)

Volume 59 (2021): Edition 2 (June 2021)

Volume 59 (2021): Edition 1 (March 2021)

Volume 58 (2020): Edition 4 (December 2020)

Volume 58 (2020): Edition 3 (September 2020)

Volume 58 (2020): Edition 2 (June 2020)

Volume 58 (2020): Edition 1 (March 2020)

Volume 57 (2019): Edition 4 (December 2019)

Volume 57 (2019): Edition 3 (September 2019)

Volume 57 (2019): Edition 2 (June 2019)

Volume 57 (2019): Edition 1 (March 2019)

Volume 56 (2018): Edition 4 (December 2018)

Volume 56 (2018): Edition 3 (September 2018)

Volume 56 (2018): Edition 2 (June 2018)

Volume 56 (2018): Edition 1 (March 2018)

Volume 55 (2017): Edition 4 (December 2017)

Volume 55 (2017): Edition 3 (September 2017)

Volume 55 (2017): Edition 2 (June 2017)

Volume 55 (2017): Edition 1 (March 2017)

Volume 54 (2016): Edition 4 (December 2016)

Volume 54 (2016): Edition 3 (September 2016)

Volume 54 (2016): Edition 2 (June 2016)

Volume 54 (2016): Edition 1 (March 2016)

Volume 53 (2015): Edition 4 (December 2015)

Volume 53 (2015): Edition 3 (September 2015)

Volume 53 (2015): Edition 2 (June 2015)

Volume 53 (2015): Edition 1 (March 2015)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2501-062X
Première publication
30 Mar 2015
Période de publication
4 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

Volume 55 (2017): Edition 3 (September 2017)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2501-062X
Première publication
30 Mar 2015
Période de publication
4 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

9 Articles

Original Articles

Accès libre

A quality of life assessment and the correlation between generic and disease-specific questionnaires scores in outpatients with chronic liver disease-pilot study

Publié en ligne: 19 Aug 2017
Pages: 129 - 137

Résumé

Abstract

Introduction. Chronic liver diseases (CLD) are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in general population. The aim of this study was to analyze potential differences between patients with CLD and healthy control group, and to estimate the severity of CLD by using simple questionnaires: general health questionnaire (GHQ-12) and chronic liver disease questionnaire (CLDQ). Methods. A cross-sectional pilot study was performed in Zemun Clinical Hospital during years 2014 and 2015. Sixty participants were divided into 4 groups (15 per group): chronic alcoholic hepatitis, other chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, and healthy control group. Entire study population chose one of four offered answers of structured questionnaires GHQ-12 and CLDQ, based on which mean model of end-stage liver disease (MELD) and Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) scores were calculated. Results. Mean GHQ12 and CLDQ scores were 10.5 and 5.21 ± 1.11 respectively. Regarding certain CLDQ domain scores, a significant difference between alcoholic and non-alcoholic hepatitis groups in the worry domain was observed. Mean MELD score was 7.42 ± 2.89 and did not differ between chronic hepatitis groups, while mean CTP score was 5.73 ± 0.88. A statistically significant correlation was observed between GHQ12 and CLDQ scores (ρ = -0.404, p < 0.01), but not between subjective and objective scores. Conclusions. Mean GHQ12 and CLDQ scores pointed out to general psychological no-distress condition of the studied participants, as well as scarcely expressed CLD-specific complaints. Mean MELD and CTP scores indicated stable chronic liver diseases, with low three-month mortality rates in the cases of chronic hepatitis, as well as determination to Child A group in the case of liver cirrhosis.

Mots clés

  • chronic hepatitis
  • liver disease
  • liver cirrhosis
  • quality of life
  • questionnaire
Accès libre

Upper extremity deep venous thrombosis and stenosis after implantation of pacemakers and defibrillators; A prospective study

Publié en ligne: 19 Aug 2017
Pages: 139 - 144

Résumé

Abstract

Background. Obstruction of the access vein following cardiac pacemaker and defibrillator implantation is a common complication. However, the exact incidence and contributing risk factors are unknown. The aim of this study is to determine the incidence and analyze the contribution of each risk factor. Methods. 57 consecutive patients candidate for their first transvenous pacemaker, implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), or cardiac resynchronization therapy device implantation were enrolled. After implantation, venography of the ipsilateral peripheral arm was performed. Patients underwent their second venography after the follow-up period of 3 to 6 months. Results. 42 patients (13 females, mean age 59.71 ± 12.33) completed the study. The followup venography showed significant venous obstruction (more than 50%) in 9 (21%) patients, but in none of the individuals, venography revealed total occlusion of the veins. Patients with obstruction had more leads in their veins (2.56 ± 0.53 vs 1.58 ± 0.71, P = 0.001). Venous obstruction was significantly more prevalent in patients with implanted cardiac resynchronization therapy device compared with an ICD or pacemaker (p = 0. 01). Age, gender, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, ischemic heart disease and antiplatelet consumption did not reveal any other contribution to the risk of thrombosis. In multivariate analysis, total lead number was a positive predictor for venous occlusion (P = 0.015, OR:19.2, and CI: 1.7-207.1). Conclusion. Venous obstruction is relatively frequent after pacemaker or ICD implantation. This study also shows that pacemaker and ICD leads have a similar risk for lead-related venous obstruction. However, patients with multiple leads are associated with an increased risk.

Mots clés

  • Complications
  • Venous obstruction
  • Risk factors
  • Pacemaker
  • Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
Accès libre

Preterm birth among women living within 600 meters of high voltage overhead Power Lines: a case-control study

Publié en ligne: 19 Aug 2017
Pages: 145 - 150

Résumé

Abstract

Aim. The issue of preterm birth due to exposure to magnetic fields from power lines is unclear. Exposure to electromagnetic field in uterus has been hypothesized as possible preterm birth. The aim of the present study was to determine whether living closer to high voltage power lines increased the risk of preterm labor. Methods. In a nested case-control study, 135 cases of singleton live spontaneous preterm birth in Rohani hospital, Babol, Iran, during the period between 2013 and 2014 were studied. The 150 control subjects were singleton term live birth in the same year of birth and city of residence using randomized-digit dialing. The shortest distance to any of the high voltage power lines to the maternal residence during pregnancy was measured using ArcGIS software for every case and control. To test the association between the preterm births and the residential proximity to power lines, stepwise multiple logistic regression was used. Results. There were 28 households, 20 cases (14.8%) and 8 controls (5.3%) situated within 600 meters of high voltage power lines. The adjusted OR for spontaneous preterm birth and birth defect in women who were living in less than 600 meters from high voltage power lines was higher compared to those living at farther distance (OR = 3.28, CI: 1.37 to 7.85) and (OR = 5.05, CI: 1.52 to 16.78), respectively. Conclusions. Therefore, installing overhead power lines and stations within 600 meters or making overhead underground would be useful in the prevention of both preterm birth and birth defect.

Mots clés

  • electric power supplies
  • premature birth
  • congenital abnormalities
  • environmental exposure
  • geographic information systems
Accès libre

A comparison of short-term therapeutic efficacy between infliximab and tacrolimus for moderate to severe ulcerative colitis

Publié en ligne: 19 Aug 2017
Pages: 151 - 157

Résumé

Abstract

Introduction. Both infliximab (IFX) and tacrolimus (Tac) are effective for inducing clinical remission in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). However, no randomized study has addressed the relative efficacies of IFX and Tac for patients with moderate to severe UC. This study aimed to conduct a retrospective study on the relative efficacy of IFX and Tac in patients with moderate to severe UC, using an inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) technique to adjust background factors statistically. Methods. Between July 2009 and March 2016, data obtained from 122 patients with moderate to severe UC who were treated with either IFX (n = 58) or Tac (n = 64) were analyzed retrospectively. We compared the short-term therapeutic efficacy between the IFX group and Tac group using IPTW technique. Results. The clinical remission rate at 14 weeks after treatment was 37.9% (22/58) in the IFX group and 50% (32/64) in the Tac group, respectively. The efficacy of IFX and Tac for clinical remission rate was not different according to univariate (Odds ratio [OR] 1.64, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.80-3.37 P = 0.18) and multivariate analyses (OR 2.19, 95% CI 0.85-5.61, P = 0.10). After the background and confounders factors were adjusted by using IPTW based on propensity score, the efficacy of IFX and Tac for clinical remission rate was not differed statistically (OR, 1.483; 95% CI, 0.581-3.785; P = 0.409) Conclusion. IFX and Tac have equivalent short-term efficacies for induction in patients with moderate to severe UC.

Mots clés

  • infliximab
  • inverse probability of treatment weighting
  • remission rate
  • tacrolimus
  • ulcerative colitis
Accès libre

Dyslipidemia in subclinical hypothyroidism requires assessment of small dense low density lipoprotein cholesterol (sdLDL-C)

Publié en ligne: 19 Aug 2017
Pages: 159 - 166

Résumé

Abstract

Background. Usually both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are related to the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease development. The relationship between subclinical hypothyroidism has been widely investigated but the findings remain controversial. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the lipid profile in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism (SHypo) in comparison to controls and to determine the association of SHypo and dyslipidemia in attempt to find importance of small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (sdLDL-C) in atherosclerosis. Material and methods. In this study we included 100 women, aged 30 to 70 years that were divided into subgroups according to their age. According to the values of levels of thyroid hormones they were divided into euthyroid (control) group (n = 64) and (newly discovered) subclinical hypothyroidism (SHypo) group (n = 36). A high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and lipid profile, including small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (sdLDL-C) were determined. Body weight and height were measured and BMI calculated. History of the current illness, medication, alcohol consumption and cigarettes smoking were noted. Results. Changed lipid profile as well as elevated triglycerides and sdLDL-C were observed in the group with subclinical hypothyroidism compared to the control group. Conclusions. It is important to determine serum lipid levels, especially serum sdLDL-C levels at an early stage of subclinical hypothyroidism, since they represent atherogenic LDL particles and are better indicators for dyslipidaemia in subclinical hypothyroidism and the development of atherosclerosis with potential complications such as cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.

Mots clés

  • dyslipidemia
  • subclinical hypothyroidism
  • small dense low density lipoprotein cholesterol
  • cardiovascular risk
  • cerebrovascular risk
Accès libre

Development of a curriculum and training program in Woman Veterans Health for Internal Medical Residents

Publié en ligne: 19 Aug 2017
Pages: 167 - 173

Résumé

Abstract

Introduction. Internal Medicine residents must develop competency as Primary Care Providers, but a gap exists in their curriculum and training with regard to women’s reproductive health. With increasing need in VA due to new influx of women veterans it poses problems in recruitment of competent physicians trained in Women’s health. Methods. An intensive, one-month women’s reproductive health curriculum with hands on experience for Internal Medicine residents was provided. Curriculum was taught to the residents who rotated at the Women’s Health Clinic for one month. Pre-test and post-test exams were administered. Increase in knowledge of residents in providing gender specific evaluations and management was objectively assessed by changes in post-test scores. Data were analyzed for statistically significant improvement in written tests scores. Results. Total of 47 Internal Medicine residents rotated through Women’s Health Center during the evaluation period. All residents completed both pre-test and post-test exams. The average time to complete the pre-test was 20.5 ± 5.4 min and 19.5 ± 4.8 min for post-test. There was no correlation between the time to complete the pre-test exam and the post-test exam. The total score was significantly improved from 8.5 ± 1.6 to 13.2 ± 1.8 (p < 0.0001). Conclusion. This study shows how to equip physicians in training with information on women’s health that enables them to provide safe and gender appropriate care in primary care settings. This practice will reduce the need for frequent referrals for specialized care and thus provide cost saving for patient and health care on the whole.

Mots clés

  • Medical education
  • Women
  • Internship and Residency
  • Education
  • Primary health care

Case Report

Accès libre

Acute ischemic stroke mimicking subarachnoid hemorrhage after coronary angioplasty

Publié en ligne: 19 Aug 2017
Pages: 175 - 177

Résumé

Abstract

Use of non-ionic contrast media (CM) in coronary arteriography has been reported to cause transient cortical blindness, confusion, amnesia and very rare focal deficits. We report a 69-year old patient with stable angina pectoris who underwent coronary angioplasty with stent placement due to in-stent thrombosis of the right coronary artery and developed stroke symptoms with radiological suspicion of subarachnoid hemorrhage. No vascular malformations were detected on CT cerebral angiography. Dual antiplatelet treatment was continued. Complete neurological recovery was observed within 48 hours post angiography. As observed with repeated CT scans, sulcal hyperdensities mostly faded after 24 hours and totally disappeared within 7 days when she was discharged home. Our case shows transient neurological symptoms and rapid disappearing of sulcal hyperdensities, suggesting temporary blood brain barrier disruption, consequential cerebral infarction and contrast media extravasation as the main mechanisms which allowed us to treat the patient with dual antiplatelet treatment.

Mots clés

  • neurotoxicity syndromes
  • contrast media
  • blood-brain barrier
  • cerebral infarction
  • subarachnoid hemorrhage
Accès libre

IgG,kappa monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance with AL amyloidosis simulating giant cell arteritis

Publié en ligne: 19 Aug 2017
Pages: 179 - 182

Résumé

Abstract

Monoclonal gammopathies complicated by AL amyloidosis can mimic giant cell arteritis (GCA). We hereby present the case of a 63 year old woman in whom symptoms consistent with GCA were the first manifestations of a monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance (MGUS) associated with amyloidosis. A 63 year old woman was admitted for temporal headache, maseterine claudication, neck and shoulder stiffness. She was recently diagnosed with carpal tunnel syndrome. On physical examination she had prominent temporal arteries, macroglosia and orthostatic hypotension. Muscular strength was normal. She had high ESR and CRP; in this clinical context, GCA was suspected. A gamma spike on serum protein electrophoresis raised the suspicion of monoclonal gammopathy (MG). Immunoelectrophoresis revealed monoclonal bands for IgG and kappa chains. Massive deposits of amyloid and no inflammation were found on temporal artery biopsy. Multiple myeloma and lymphoma were ruled out. A diagnosis of AL amyloidosis complicating MGUS was formulated. She did well on therapy with bortezomib, cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone. Cases published in medical literature reveal amyloidosis mimicking GCA in the setting of established MGUS. As far as we know, this is the first case of MGUS with IgG and kappa chains in which a GCA-like picture induced by amyloidosis was present from the very onset.

Mots clés

  • gammopathy
  • IgG
  • kappa chains
  • amyloidosis
  • giant cell
  • carpal tunnel
  • temporal artery
  • biopsy

Corrigendum

9 Articles

Original Articles

Accès libre

A quality of life assessment and the correlation between generic and disease-specific questionnaires scores in outpatients with chronic liver disease-pilot study

Publié en ligne: 19 Aug 2017
Pages: 129 - 137

Résumé

Abstract

Introduction. Chronic liver diseases (CLD) are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in general population. The aim of this study was to analyze potential differences between patients with CLD and healthy control group, and to estimate the severity of CLD by using simple questionnaires: general health questionnaire (GHQ-12) and chronic liver disease questionnaire (CLDQ). Methods. A cross-sectional pilot study was performed in Zemun Clinical Hospital during years 2014 and 2015. Sixty participants were divided into 4 groups (15 per group): chronic alcoholic hepatitis, other chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, and healthy control group. Entire study population chose one of four offered answers of structured questionnaires GHQ-12 and CLDQ, based on which mean model of end-stage liver disease (MELD) and Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) scores were calculated. Results. Mean GHQ12 and CLDQ scores were 10.5 and 5.21 ± 1.11 respectively. Regarding certain CLDQ domain scores, a significant difference between alcoholic and non-alcoholic hepatitis groups in the worry domain was observed. Mean MELD score was 7.42 ± 2.89 and did not differ between chronic hepatitis groups, while mean CTP score was 5.73 ± 0.88. A statistically significant correlation was observed between GHQ12 and CLDQ scores (ρ = -0.404, p < 0.01), but not between subjective and objective scores. Conclusions. Mean GHQ12 and CLDQ scores pointed out to general psychological no-distress condition of the studied participants, as well as scarcely expressed CLD-specific complaints. Mean MELD and CTP scores indicated stable chronic liver diseases, with low three-month mortality rates in the cases of chronic hepatitis, as well as determination to Child A group in the case of liver cirrhosis.

Mots clés

  • chronic hepatitis
  • liver disease
  • liver cirrhosis
  • quality of life
  • questionnaire
Accès libre

Upper extremity deep venous thrombosis and stenosis after implantation of pacemakers and defibrillators; A prospective study

Publié en ligne: 19 Aug 2017
Pages: 139 - 144

Résumé

Abstract

Background. Obstruction of the access vein following cardiac pacemaker and defibrillator implantation is a common complication. However, the exact incidence and contributing risk factors are unknown. The aim of this study is to determine the incidence and analyze the contribution of each risk factor. Methods. 57 consecutive patients candidate for their first transvenous pacemaker, implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), or cardiac resynchronization therapy device implantation were enrolled. After implantation, venography of the ipsilateral peripheral arm was performed. Patients underwent their second venography after the follow-up period of 3 to 6 months. Results. 42 patients (13 females, mean age 59.71 ± 12.33) completed the study. The followup venography showed significant venous obstruction (more than 50%) in 9 (21%) patients, but in none of the individuals, venography revealed total occlusion of the veins. Patients with obstruction had more leads in their veins (2.56 ± 0.53 vs 1.58 ± 0.71, P = 0.001). Venous obstruction was significantly more prevalent in patients with implanted cardiac resynchronization therapy device compared with an ICD or pacemaker (p = 0. 01). Age, gender, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, ischemic heart disease and antiplatelet consumption did not reveal any other contribution to the risk of thrombosis. In multivariate analysis, total lead number was a positive predictor for venous occlusion (P = 0.015, OR:19.2, and CI: 1.7-207.1). Conclusion. Venous obstruction is relatively frequent after pacemaker or ICD implantation. This study also shows that pacemaker and ICD leads have a similar risk for lead-related venous obstruction. However, patients with multiple leads are associated with an increased risk.

Mots clés

  • Complications
  • Venous obstruction
  • Risk factors
  • Pacemaker
  • Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
Accès libre

Preterm birth among women living within 600 meters of high voltage overhead Power Lines: a case-control study

Publié en ligne: 19 Aug 2017
Pages: 145 - 150

Résumé

Abstract

Aim. The issue of preterm birth due to exposure to magnetic fields from power lines is unclear. Exposure to electromagnetic field in uterus has been hypothesized as possible preterm birth. The aim of the present study was to determine whether living closer to high voltage power lines increased the risk of preterm labor. Methods. In a nested case-control study, 135 cases of singleton live spontaneous preterm birth in Rohani hospital, Babol, Iran, during the period between 2013 and 2014 were studied. The 150 control subjects were singleton term live birth in the same year of birth and city of residence using randomized-digit dialing. The shortest distance to any of the high voltage power lines to the maternal residence during pregnancy was measured using ArcGIS software for every case and control. To test the association between the preterm births and the residential proximity to power lines, stepwise multiple logistic regression was used. Results. There were 28 households, 20 cases (14.8%) and 8 controls (5.3%) situated within 600 meters of high voltage power lines. The adjusted OR for spontaneous preterm birth and birth defect in women who were living in less than 600 meters from high voltage power lines was higher compared to those living at farther distance (OR = 3.28, CI: 1.37 to 7.85) and (OR = 5.05, CI: 1.52 to 16.78), respectively. Conclusions. Therefore, installing overhead power lines and stations within 600 meters or making overhead underground would be useful in the prevention of both preterm birth and birth defect.

Mots clés

  • electric power supplies
  • premature birth
  • congenital abnormalities
  • environmental exposure
  • geographic information systems
Accès libre

A comparison of short-term therapeutic efficacy between infliximab and tacrolimus for moderate to severe ulcerative colitis

Publié en ligne: 19 Aug 2017
Pages: 151 - 157

Résumé

Abstract

Introduction. Both infliximab (IFX) and tacrolimus (Tac) are effective for inducing clinical remission in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). However, no randomized study has addressed the relative efficacies of IFX and Tac for patients with moderate to severe UC. This study aimed to conduct a retrospective study on the relative efficacy of IFX and Tac in patients with moderate to severe UC, using an inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) technique to adjust background factors statistically. Methods. Between July 2009 and March 2016, data obtained from 122 patients with moderate to severe UC who were treated with either IFX (n = 58) or Tac (n = 64) were analyzed retrospectively. We compared the short-term therapeutic efficacy between the IFX group and Tac group using IPTW technique. Results. The clinical remission rate at 14 weeks after treatment was 37.9% (22/58) in the IFX group and 50% (32/64) in the Tac group, respectively. The efficacy of IFX and Tac for clinical remission rate was not different according to univariate (Odds ratio [OR] 1.64, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.80-3.37 P = 0.18) and multivariate analyses (OR 2.19, 95% CI 0.85-5.61, P = 0.10). After the background and confounders factors were adjusted by using IPTW based on propensity score, the efficacy of IFX and Tac for clinical remission rate was not differed statistically (OR, 1.483; 95% CI, 0.581-3.785; P = 0.409) Conclusion. IFX and Tac have equivalent short-term efficacies for induction in patients with moderate to severe UC.

Mots clés

  • infliximab
  • inverse probability of treatment weighting
  • remission rate
  • tacrolimus
  • ulcerative colitis
Accès libre

Dyslipidemia in subclinical hypothyroidism requires assessment of small dense low density lipoprotein cholesterol (sdLDL-C)

Publié en ligne: 19 Aug 2017
Pages: 159 - 166

Résumé

Abstract

Background. Usually both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are related to the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease development. The relationship between subclinical hypothyroidism has been widely investigated but the findings remain controversial. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the lipid profile in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism (SHypo) in comparison to controls and to determine the association of SHypo and dyslipidemia in attempt to find importance of small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (sdLDL-C) in atherosclerosis. Material and methods. In this study we included 100 women, aged 30 to 70 years that were divided into subgroups according to their age. According to the values of levels of thyroid hormones they were divided into euthyroid (control) group (n = 64) and (newly discovered) subclinical hypothyroidism (SHypo) group (n = 36). A high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and lipid profile, including small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (sdLDL-C) were determined. Body weight and height were measured and BMI calculated. History of the current illness, medication, alcohol consumption and cigarettes smoking were noted. Results. Changed lipid profile as well as elevated triglycerides and sdLDL-C were observed in the group with subclinical hypothyroidism compared to the control group. Conclusions. It is important to determine serum lipid levels, especially serum sdLDL-C levels at an early stage of subclinical hypothyroidism, since they represent atherogenic LDL particles and are better indicators for dyslipidaemia in subclinical hypothyroidism and the development of atherosclerosis with potential complications such as cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.

Mots clés

  • dyslipidemia
  • subclinical hypothyroidism
  • small dense low density lipoprotein cholesterol
  • cardiovascular risk
  • cerebrovascular risk
Accès libre

Development of a curriculum and training program in Woman Veterans Health for Internal Medical Residents

Publié en ligne: 19 Aug 2017
Pages: 167 - 173

Résumé

Abstract

Introduction. Internal Medicine residents must develop competency as Primary Care Providers, but a gap exists in their curriculum and training with regard to women’s reproductive health. With increasing need in VA due to new influx of women veterans it poses problems in recruitment of competent physicians trained in Women’s health. Methods. An intensive, one-month women’s reproductive health curriculum with hands on experience for Internal Medicine residents was provided. Curriculum was taught to the residents who rotated at the Women’s Health Clinic for one month. Pre-test and post-test exams were administered. Increase in knowledge of residents in providing gender specific evaluations and management was objectively assessed by changes in post-test scores. Data were analyzed for statistically significant improvement in written tests scores. Results. Total of 47 Internal Medicine residents rotated through Women’s Health Center during the evaluation period. All residents completed both pre-test and post-test exams. The average time to complete the pre-test was 20.5 ± 5.4 min and 19.5 ± 4.8 min for post-test. There was no correlation between the time to complete the pre-test exam and the post-test exam. The total score was significantly improved from 8.5 ± 1.6 to 13.2 ± 1.8 (p < 0.0001). Conclusion. This study shows how to equip physicians in training with information on women’s health that enables them to provide safe and gender appropriate care in primary care settings. This practice will reduce the need for frequent referrals for specialized care and thus provide cost saving for patient and health care on the whole.

Mots clés

  • Medical education
  • Women
  • Internship and Residency
  • Education
  • Primary health care

Case Report

Accès libre

Acute ischemic stroke mimicking subarachnoid hemorrhage after coronary angioplasty

Publié en ligne: 19 Aug 2017
Pages: 175 - 177

Résumé

Abstract

Use of non-ionic contrast media (CM) in coronary arteriography has been reported to cause transient cortical blindness, confusion, amnesia and very rare focal deficits. We report a 69-year old patient with stable angina pectoris who underwent coronary angioplasty with stent placement due to in-stent thrombosis of the right coronary artery and developed stroke symptoms with radiological suspicion of subarachnoid hemorrhage. No vascular malformations were detected on CT cerebral angiography. Dual antiplatelet treatment was continued. Complete neurological recovery was observed within 48 hours post angiography. As observed with repeated CT scans, sulcal hyperdensities mostly faded after 24 hours and totally disappeared within 7 days when she was discharged home. Our case shows transient neurological symptoms and rapid disappearing of sulcal hyperdensities, suggesting temporary blood brain barrier disruption, consequential cerebral infarction and contrast media extravasation as the main mechanisms which allowed us to treat the patient with dual antiplatelet treatment.

Mots clés

  • neurotoxicity syndromes
  • contrast media
  • blood-brain barrier
  • cerebral infarction
  • subarachnoid hemorrhage
Accès libre

IgG,kappa monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance with AL amyloidosis simulating giant cell arteritis

Publié en ligne: 19 Aug 2017
Pages: 179 - 182

Résumé

Abstract

Monoclonal gammopathies complicated by AL amyloidosis can mimic giant cell arteritis (GCA). We hereby present the case of a 63 year old woman in whom symptoms consistent with GCA were the first manifestations of a monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance (MGUS) associated with amyloidosis. A 63 year old woman was admitted for temporal headache, maseterine claudication, neck and shoulder stiffness. She was recently diagnosed with carpal tunnel syndrome. On physical examination she had prominent temporal arteries, macroglosia and orthostatic hypotension. Muscular strength was normal. She had high ESR and CRP; in this clinical context, GCA was suspected. A gamma spike on serum protein electrophoresis raised the suspicion of monoclonal gammopathy (MG). Immunoelectrophoresis revealed monoclonal bands for IgG and kappa chains. Massive deposits of amyloid and no inflammation were found on temporal artery biopsy. Multiple myeloma and lymphoma were ruled out. A diagnosis of AL amyloidosis complicating MGUS was formulated. She did well on therapy with bortezomib, cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone. Cases published in medical literature reveal amyloidosis mimicking GCA in the setting of established MGUS. As far as we know, this is the first case of MGUS with IgG and kappa chains in which a GCA-like picture induced by amyloidosis was present from the very onset.

Mots clés

  • gammopathy
  • IgG
  • kappa chains
  • amyloidosis
  • giant cell
  • carpal tunnel
  • temporal artery
  • biopsy

Corrigendum

Planifiez votre conférence à distance avec Sciendo