Magazine et Edition

Volume 14 (2022): Edition 1 (April 2022)

Volume 13 (2021): Edition 3 (December 2021)

Volume 13 (2021): Edition 2 (August 2021)

Volume 13 (2021): Edition 1 (April 2021)

Volume 12 (2020): Edition 3 (December 2020)

Volume 12 (2020): Edition 2 (August 2020)

Volume 12 (2020): Edition 1 (April 2020)

Volume 11 (2019): Edition 3 (December 2019)

Volume 11 (2019): Edition 2 (August 2019)

Volume 11 (2019): Edition 1 (April 2019)

Volume 10 (2018): Edition 3 (December 2018)

Volume 10 (2018): Edition 2 (August 2018)

Volume 10 (2018): Edition 1 (April 2018)

Volume 9 (2017): Edition 3 (December 2017)

Volume 9 (2017): Edition 2 (August 2017)

Volume 9 (2017): Edition 1 (April 2017)

Volume 8 (2016): Edition 3 (December 2016)

Volume 8 (2016): Edition 2 (August 2016)

Volume 8 (2016): Edition 1 (April 2016)

Volume 7 (2015): Edition 3 (December 2015)

Volume 7 (2015): Edition 2 (August 2015)

Volume 7 (2015): Edition 1 (April 2015)

Volume 6 (2014): Edition 3 (December 2014)

Volume 6 (2014): Edition 2 (December 2014)

Volume 6 (2014): Edition 1 (December 2014)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2359-8107
Première publication
15 Mar 2013
Période de publication
3 fois par an
Langues
Anglais, Allemand

Chercher

Volume 13 (2021): Edition 3 (December 2021)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2359-8107
Première publication
15 Mar 2013
Période de publication
3 fois par an
Langues
Anglais, Allemand

Chercher

16 Articles
Accès libre

Editorial RES 3/2021

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 394 - 399

Résumé

Accès libre

Familial Terminology and the Progressive Nature of Church Membership in Cyril of Jerusalem

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 400 - 418

Résumé

Abstract

There is too little study of Cyril of Jerusalem’s notion of the ecclesiological identity of baptismal candidates. I found that his use of familial terminology was not simply limited to that of the Biblical and Patristic models, i.e., fully initiated members of the church. He applied it to unbaptized candidates as well. They shared in a primal yet real membership of the ecclesial family. They were progressively brought into church membership through the individual rites of initiation, each contributing to a growing transformation in the candidates. They could be identified as family even prior to their ultimate, baptismal adoption as members. This article fills a significant gap in research on the late fourth century theology of initiation. It provides present-day catechists with a deeper understanding of their baptismal candidates’ ecclesiological status. It opens a Patristic and ecumenical vista into the relationship of non-Orthodox Christians with the Orthodox church.

Mots clés

  • Familial terminology
  • Church membership
  • Christian initiation
  • ecclesiology
  • Patristic
  • Cyril of Jerusalem
Accès libre

Intersecting Inequalities: The Representation of Religious, Gender, and Sexual Identities in the Life of Pelagia

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 419 - 436

Résumé

Abstract

Repentant harlots who became trans saints presented Byzantine hagiographers with a challenge. Thought to exhibit a lack of self-control and the excessive sexuality, associated with women, and sex workers in particular, – a subject of great concern for monastic authors – how could members of this stigmatized group achieve the standards of Christian piety, let alone saintly behavior? In portraying its fictional protagonist as an exemplum of masculine virtues in the context of nascent Palestinian monasticism, the anonymous Life of Pelagia highlights the non-binariness of social identities in early Byzantium, unsettling fixed gender categorization. Conceiving of a trans figure of an ascetic subverting conventional binaries, the Life creates a model for incorporating non-conforming masculinities of Byzantine society within the normative hagiographic genre.

Mots clés

  • trans saints
  • Pelagia/Pelagios
  • masculinity
  • non-binary
  • Byzantium
  • hagiography
  • sanctity
  • exemplarity
  • religion and gender
Accès libre

The Mediaeval Background of Self-Identification in Relation to the Filioque Controversy

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 437 - 451

Résumé

Abstract

The study at hand is not focused on the mediaeval theological history of the Filioque controversy but aims to examine how the mediaeval (particularly the Palamite) doctrine of procession has become an ideological element of identity in presentday interpretation. Based on the assumption that religious elements have become part of the political identity primarily in south-eastern Europe, the present paper makes reference first of all to representatives of Orthodox theology, without seeking to criticize, however, the Orthodox standpoint on the Filioque. Provided that it can be demonstrated that contemporary authors make use of mediaeval sources not merely theologically but also ideologically, then we can ascertain that the mediaeval Filioque controversy inşuences the present-day interpretation of self-identity.

Mots clés

  • Filioque
  • Palamite theology
  • Late Middle Ages
  • Identification
  • Nation
  • Society
Accès libre

From Paganism to Christianity and the Administrative-Ecclesiastical Integration of the Parishes on the Middle Valley of Târnava Mare in the Twelfth to Fourteenth Centuries

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 452 - 468

Résumé

Abstract

This paper aims at describing the process through which religious rites and rituals have changed within settlements located along the middle valley of the Târnava Mare River, evolving from pagan manifestations to the emergence of Catholic ecclesiastic institutions, contributing thus to a new regional religious identity. The archaeological findings of the Mediaş group indicates the practice of the cremation rite in this particular area, which was a common custom up until the mid-ninth century. In the following ninth to eleventh century period, however, there is a gap in archaeological evidence relevant to the funeral rite; no burial grounds or cemeteries have been identified, and only one settlement in Albeşti (Mureş County) was found. The Târnava Mare basin was shortly encompassed within the Hungarian Kingdom. Thus, starting with the twelfth century, a series of indagines were built and defended by the Szeklers’ communities. The cemetery on the so-called Dealul Viilor in Sighişoara is attributed to the Szeklers. A new burial ritual was observed, namely an anthropomorphic practice, after German populations settled down along the Târnava Mare valley and after the arrival of Dominican monks in Sighişoara, where they erected a Dominican convent. From an institutional point of view, these settlements were placed under the jurisdiction of the Transylvanian bishopric and of the chapters/ diaconates of Mediaş, Laslea/Criş, Târnava Mare, Târnava Mica, Saschiz, Tileagd.

Mots clés

  • cremation
  • burial
  • Mediaş group
  • Bijelo-Brdo group
  • Szeklers
  • settlers
  • deaneries
  • chapter (capitulum)
Accès libre

Ad Subsidium Terrae Sanctae: Military Religious Orders and the Cismarine Expansion of the Borders of Christianitas

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 469 - 481

Résumé

Abstract

This article aims to discuss the presence of the military religious orders at the frontiers of Christianitas during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, a period when the hierocratic auctoritas ecclesiae materialized itself through vigorous expansionism. The military religious orders acted in consensus with the Holy See and at the request of the political European entities (also subjected to the authority of the Pope) in regions where they could not withstand the threats which endangered parts of their kingdoms or possessions. Ultimately this article integrates the presence of the Teutonic Knights in Transylvania during the first half of the thirteenth century in this broad mission of expansionism and highlights how the Roman Pontiş established relationships with the kingdoms positioned at the edge of Christianitas.

Mots clés

  • Teutonic Order
  • Holy See
  • Military Religious Orders
  • Frontiers
  • Medieval Kingdom of Hungary
Accès libre

Preliminary Approach Regarding Eastern and Western Christian Churches in Medieval Maramureș County

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 482 - 495

Résumé

Abstract

The present research investigates the presence and coexistence of two denominations, the Western and Eastern Christian faith, in medieval Maramurefi county. For this, a close analysis of medieval published documents was performed. Along with these primary sources, the historiography of the subject was also consulted. The survey shows that both denominations were well-represented both institutionally and through active members, even if measures were taken by the bishops of Rome and kings of Hungary against the Eastern Christian faith in the realm. We hope that future archival and archaeological research will lead to new findings that will contribute to a better understanding regarding the historic coexistence of the two denominations in Maramureş County.

Mots clés

  • Maramureş County
  • Western Christian Church
  • Eastern Christian Church
  • Peri
  • Pauline Order
  • Remeţi
  • salt mining
  • settlers
Accès libre

The Mobility of Iconographers and their Quest for Social Status Art and Signatures of Transylvanian Pre-Modern Greek-Orthodox Iconographers

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 496 - 515

Résumé

Abstract

The change in the status of Orthodox iconographers from Transylvania brought forward a change in their art during the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. During this period the condition of Orthodox painters changes from that of mere craftsmen to artists. Based on the work of several Transylvanian painters active during the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, an analysis of the signatures of the artists, visitation records and contracts between the artists and the patrons of the church, this article wishes to explore the changes in the status of these individuals who evolved from craftsmen to artists during their lives.

Mots clés

  • iconographic representations
  • signatures
  • commissioners
  • church authorities
  • iconographers
  • status
  • upward social mobility
Accès libre

Book Reviews / Buchrezensionen: Mikhail Seleznev, William R.G. Loader and Karl-Wilhelm Niebuhr (eds.), The Gospel of Matthew in its Historical and Theological Context, Papers from the International Conference in Moscow, September 24 to 28, 2018, WUNT 459, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2021, 470 S., ISBN: 978-3-16-160104-0

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 516 - 522

Résumé

Accès libre

Jörg Frey and Craig R. Koester (eds.), Signs und Discourses in John 5 and 6. Historical, Literary and Theological Readings from the Colloquium Ioanneum 2019 in Eisenach, WUNT 463, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2021, 386 S., ISBN: 978-3-1610006-7

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 523 - 528

Résumé

Accès libre

Stefan Green, Toward Apocalypticism: A Thematic Analysis of Isaiah 65-66, Åbo Akademi University Press, Åbo 2020, 336 p., ISBN: 978-951-765-965-9

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 529 - 531

Résumé

Accès libre

Zeno Carra, Hoc facite. Studio teologico-fondamentale sulla presenza eucaristica di Cristo, Cittadella Editrice, Assisi 2018, 290 p., ISBN: 978-8-8308-1624-4

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 532 - 534

Résumé

Accès libre

Alexandros Chouliaras, The Anthropology of St Gregory Palamas: The Image of God, the Spiritual Senses, and the Human Body, Studia Traditionis Theologiae 38, Brepols, Turnhout 2020, 243 p., ISBN: 978-2-503-58941-1

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 535 - 539

Résumé

Accès libre

Arhid. Sebastian Barbu-Bucur, O versiune muzicală inedită a Prohodului Domnului în limba română, ediţie îngrijită şi studiu introductiv de Cătălin Cernătescu [An Unpublished Musical Version of the Lord’s Lamentation from the Romanian Tradition. Edition and Introductory Study by Cătălin Cernătescu], Basilica, Bucureşti 2021, 228 p., ISBN: 978-606-29-0427-2

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 540 - 543

Résumé

Accès libre

Verena Krebs, Medieval Ethiopian Kingship, Craft, and Diplomacy with Latin Europe, Springer Nature, Cham 2021, xvii+308 p., eBook, ISBN: 978-3-030-64934-0

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 544 - 545

Résumé

Accès libre

Bonnie Efros, Isabel Moreira (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the Merovingian World, Oxford University Press, New York 2020, 1166 p. ISBN: 9780190234188 (hardback), ISBN: 9780197510803 (epub)

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 546 - 548

Résumé

16 Articles
Accès libre

Editorial RES 3/2021

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 394 - 399

Résumé

Accès libre

Familial Terminology and the Progressive Nature of Church Membership in Cyril of Jerusalem

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 400 - 418

Résumé

Abstract

There is too little study of Cyril of Jerusalem’s notion of the ecclesiological identity of baptismal candidates. I found that his use of familial terminology was not simply limited to that of the Biblical and Patristic models, i.e., fully initiated members of the church. He applied it to unbaptized candidates as well. They shared in a primal yet real membership of the ecclesial family. They were progressively brought into church membership through the individual rites of initiation, each contributing to a growing transformation in the candidates. They could be identified as family even prior to their ultimate, baptismal adoption as members. This article fills a significant gap in research on the late fourth century theology of initiation. It provides present-day catechists with a deeper understanding of their baptismal candidates’ ecclesiological status. It opens a Patristic and ecumenical vista into the relationship of non-Orthodox Christians with the Orthodox church.

Mots clés

  • Familial terminology
  • Church membership
  • Christian initiation
  • ecclesiology
  • Patristic
  • Cyril of Jerusalem
Accès libre

Intersecting Inequalities: The Representation of Religious, Gender, and Sexual Identities in the Life of Pelagia

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 419 - 436

Résumé

Abstract

Repentant harlots who became trans saints presented Byzantine hagiographers with a challenge. Thought to exhibit a lack of self-control and the excessive sexuality, associated with women, and sex workers in particular, – a subject of great concern for monastic authors – how could members of this stigmatized group achieve the standards of Christian piety, let alone saintly behavior? In portraying its fictional protagonist as an exemplum of masculine virtues in the context of nascent Palestinian monasticism, the anonymous Life of Pelagia highlights the non-binariness of social identities in early Byzantium, unsettling fixed gender categorization. Conceiving of a trans figure of an ascetic subverting conventional binaries, the Life creates a model for incorporating non-conforming masculinities of Byzantine society within the normative hagiographic genre.

Mots clés

  • trans saints
  • Pelagia/Pelagios
  • masculinity
  • non-binary
  • Byzantium
  • hagiography
  • sanctity
  • exemplarity
  • religion and gender
Accès libre

The Mediaeval Background of Self-Identification in Relation to the Filioque Controversy

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 437 - 451

Résumé

Abstract

The study at hand is not focused on the mediaeval theological history of the Filioque controversy but aims to examine how the mediaeval (particularly the Palamite) doctrine of procession has become an ideological element of identity in presentday interpretation. Based on the assumption that religious elements have become part of the political identity primarily in south-eastern Europe, the present paper makes reference first of all to representatives of Orthodox theology, without seeking to criticize, however, the Orthodox standpoint on the Filioque. Provided that it can be demonstrated that contemporary authors make use of mediaeval sources not merely theologically but also ideologically, then we can ascertain that the mediaeval Filioque controversy inşuences the present-day interpretation of self-identity.

Mots clés

  • Filioque
  • Palamite theology
  • Late Middle Ages
  • Identification
  • Nation
  • Society
Accès libre

From Paganism to Christianity and the Administrative-Ecclesiastical Integration of the Parishes on the Middle Valley of Târnava Mare in the Twelfth to Fourteenth Centuries

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 452 - 468

Résumé

Abstract

This paper aims at describing the process through which religious rites and rituals have changed within settlements located along the middle valley of the Târnava Mare River, evolving from pagan manifestations to the emergence of Catholic ecclesiastic institutions, contributing thus to a new regional religious identity. The archaeological findings of the Mediaş group indicates the practice of the cremation rite in this particular area, which was a common custom up until the mid-ninth century. In the following ninth to eleventh century period, however, there is a gap in archaeological evidence relevant to the funeral rite; no burial grounds or cemeteries have been identified, and only one settlement in Albeşti (Mureş County) was found. The Târnava Mare basin was shortly encompassed within the Hungarian Kingdom. Thus, starting with the twelfth century, a series of indagines were built and defended by the Szeklers’ communities. The cemetery on the so-called Dealul Viilor in Sighişoara is attributed to the Szeklers. A new burial ritual was observed, namely an anthropomorphic practice, after German populations settled down along the Târnava Mare valley and after the arrival of Dominican monks in Sighişoara, where they erected a Dominican convent. From an institutional point of view, these settlements were placed under the jurisdiction of the Transylvanian bishopric and of the chapters/ diaconates of Mediaş, Laslea/Criş, Târnava Mare, Târnava Mica, Saschiz, Tileagd.

Mots clés

  • cremation
  • burial
  • Mediaş group
  • Bijelo-Brdo group
  • Szeklers
  • settlers
  • deaneries
  • chapter (capitulum)
Accès libre

Ad Subsidium Terrae Sanctae: Military Religious Orders and the Cismarine Expansion of the Borders of Christianitas

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 469 - 481

Résumé

Abstract

This article aims to discuss the presence of the military religious orders at the frontiers of Christianitas during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, a period when the hierocratic auctoritas ecclesiae materialized itself through vigorous expansionism. The military religious orders acted in consensus with the Holy See and at the request of the political European entities (also subjected to the authority of the Pope) in regions where they could not withstand the threats which endangered parts of their kingdoms or possessions. Ultimately this article integrates the presence of the Teutonic Knights in Transylvania during the first half of the thirteenth century in this broad mission of expansionism and highlights how the Roman Pontiş established relationships with the kingdoms positioned at the edge of Christianitas.

Mots clés

  • Teutonic Order
  • Holy See
  • Military Religious Orders
  • Frontiers
  • Medieval Kingdom of Hungary
Accès libre

Preliminary Approach Regarding Eastern and Western Christian Churches in Medieval Maramureș County

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 482 - 495

Résumé

Abstract

The present research investigates the presence and coexistence of two denominations, the Western and Eastern Christian faith, in medieval Maramurefi county. For this, a close analysis of medieval published documents was performed. Along with these primary sources, the historiography of the subject was also consulted. The survey shows that both denominations were well-represented both institutionally and through active members, even if measures were taken by the bishops of Rome and kings of Hungary against the Eastern Christian faith in the realm. We hope that future archival and archaeological research will lead to new findings that will contribute to a better understanding regarding the historic coexistence of the two denominations in Maramureş County.

Mots clés

  • Maramureş County
  • Western Christian Church
  • Eastern Christian Church
  • Peri
  • Pauline Order
  • Remeţi
  • salt mining
  • settlers
Accès libre

The Mobility of Iconographers and their Quest for Social Status Art and Signatures of Transylvanian Pre-Modern Greek-Orthodox Iconographers

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 496 - 515

Résumé

Abstract

The change in the status of Orthodox iconographers from Transylvania brought forward a change in their art during the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. During this period the condition of Orthodox painters changes from that of mere craftsmen to artists. Based on the work of several Transylvanian painters active during the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, an analysis of the signatures of the artists, visitation records and contracts between the artists and the patrons of the church, this article wishes to explore the changes in the status of these individuals who evolved from craftsmen to artists during their lives.

Mots clés

  • iconographic representations
  • signatures
  • commissioners
  • church authorities
  • iconographers
  • status
  • upward social mobility
Accès libre

Book Reviews / Buchrezensionen: Mikhail Seleznev, William R.G. Loader and Karl-Wilhelm Niebuhr (eds.), The Gospel of Matthew in its Historical and Theological Context, Papers from the International Conference in Moscow, September 24 to 28, 2018, WUNT 459, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2021, 470 S., ISBN: 978-3-16-160104-0

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 516 - 522

Résumé

Accès libre

Jörg Frey and Craig R. Koester (eds.), Signs und Discourses in John 5 and 6. Historical, Literary and Theological Readings from the Colloquium Ioanneum 2019 in Eisenach, WUNT 463, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2021, 386 S., ISBN: 978-3-1610006-7

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 523 - 528

Résumé

Accès libre

Stefan Green, Toward Apocalypticism: A Thematic Analysis of Isaiah 65-66, Åbo Akademi University Press, Åbo 2020, 336 p., ISBN: 978-951-765-965-9

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 529 - 531

Résumé

Accès libre

Zeno Carra, Hoc facite. Studio teologico-fondamentale sulla presenza eucaristica di Cristo, Cittadella Editrice, Assisi 2018, 290 p., ISBN: 978-8-8308-1624-4

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 532 - 534

Résumé

Accès libre

Alexandros Chouliaras, The Anthropology of St Gregory Palamas: The Image of God, the Spiritual Senses, and the Human Body, Studia Traditionis Theologiae 38, Brepols, Turnhout 2020, 243 p., ISBN: 978-2-503-58941-1

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 535 - 539

Résumé

Accès libre

Arhid. Sebastian Barbu-Bucur, O versiune muzicală inedită a Prohodului Domnului în limba română, ediţie îngrijită şi studiu introductiv de Cătălin Cernătescu [An Unpublished Musical Version of the Lord’s Lamentation from the Romanian Tradition. Edition and Introductory Study by Cătălin Cernătescu], Basilica, Bucureşti 2021, 228 p., ISBN: 978-606-29-0427-2

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 540 - 543

Résumé

Accès libre

Verena Krebs, Medieval Ethiopian Kingship, Craft, and Diplomacy with Latin Europe, Springer Nature, Cham 2021, xvii+308 p., eBook, ISBN: 978-3-030-64934-0

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 544 - 545

Résumé

Accès libre

Bonnie Efros, Isabel Moreira (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the Merovingian World, Oxford University Press, New York 2020, 1166 p. ISBN: 9780190234188 (hardback), ISBN: 9780197510803 (epub)

Publié en ligne: 23 Feb 2022
Pages: 546 - 548

Résumé

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