Magazine et Edition

AHEAD OF PRINT

Volume 16 (2022): Edition 1 (July 2022)

Volume 15 (2021): Edition 2 (December 2021)

Volume 15 (2021): Edition 1 (July 2021)

Volume 14 (2020): Edition 2 (December 2020)

Volume 14 (2020): Edition 1 (July 2020)

Volume 13 (2019): Edition 2 (December 2019)

Volume 13 (2019): Edition 1 (July 2019)

Volume 12 (2018): Edition 2 (December 2018)

Volume 12 (2018): Edition 1 (July 2018)

Volume 11 (2017): Edition 2 (December 2017)

Volume 11 (2017): Edition 1 (July 2017)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2570-5857
Première publication
16 Apr 2017
Période de publication
2 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

Volume 16 (2022): Edition 1 (July 2022)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2570-5857
Première publication
16 Apr 2017
Période de publication
2 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

4 Articles
Accès libre

Neither Civic nor Ethnic: Analyzing Right-Wing Politics Using a Theoretical Expansion of Kohn's “Dichotomy of Nationalism”

Publié en ligne: 27 Feb 2022
Pages: 1 - 22

Résumé

Abstract

Comparative research looks for “ethnic nationalism” to classify a party as either “extreme right” or “radical right.” “Ethnic nationalism” has turned into a common theoretical concept by way of various interpretations of Hans Kohn's work, developing a theoretical ethnic/civic contrast of national ideologies. The application of this dichotomy has been criticized for lack of theoretical depth that resulted in inaccurate analysis and, in some cases, harmful normative judgment. This article claims that this simple contrast between two types of national ideology omits complex theoretical views of nationalism that are neither civic nor ethnic, which are promoted mainly by the conservative right. By expanding Kohn's dichotomy into an “axis of ideological nationalism,” it offers a normative theoretical tool to be used in comparative politics, paving the way for a more comprehensive model of right-wing national ideology.

Mots clés

  • Ethnic nationalism
  • Civic nationalism
  • Culture and nationalism
  • Hans Kohn theory of nationalism
  • Radical right
  • Conservative right
  • Party families
  • Contagion to the right
  • Cordon Sanitaire
Accès libre

Renarrating the “western territories:” training programs for college students in China’s Far West

Publié en ligne: 07 Mar 2022
Pages: 23 - 50

Résumé

Abstract

This paper shows how history is rewritten in China by shaping the memories of its youth, who create new communities by sharing and renarrating new memories. They can become a powerful channel to convey an official interpretation of local histories to a larger public, by marginalizing and appropriating local narratives. The idea behind the program for voluntary narrators under analysis

“Explaining Dunhuang – 2019 University students’ summer programme to become voluntary narrator at Mogao grottoes”. The original name of the program in Chinese is Jieshuo Dunhuang – 2019 Mogao ku gaoxiao shuqi zhiyuan jiangjieyuan 解说敦煌·2019莫高窟高校暑期志愿讲解员.

is to shape memories of China’s young and wealthy students about a place, by transforming its rich cross-cultural fundamentals, symbolic and inner meanings, into a representation of the Nation, able to convey powerful declinations of official narratives on the history of China. The analysis is conducted in consideration of the larger context of the construction and transmission of the official discourse on national identity in contemporary PRC. Specifically, the author provides evidence of how young Chinese internalize and disseminate the party line on Chineseness, and the subordinate role assigned within this process to “minorities.” Minorities are seen both as a threat and an opportunity: a threat to the Party and social cohesion as carriers of diverse identities, an opportunity for contrasting Chineseness with the Other, a backward entity, inadequate and unable to embrace—if not help—the path to modernity.

Mots clés

  • Dunhuang
  • national minorities
  • Chinese history
  • community
  • memories
  • China’s youth
  • renarrating
Accès libre

Defining National Memories: The Cases of Popular Rebellions in Ireland and Québec

Publié en ligne: 07 Mar 2022
Pages: 51 - 70

Résumé

Abstract

While studies on nations and nationalism have brilliantly demonstrated the influence of collective memory on national development, few studies have examined the reciprocity of this relationship. This article is therefore concerned with the laborious processes of memorizing the founding myths of both the Irish and Québécois nations. Indeed, while today the rebellion of 1798 in Ireland and those of 1837–1838 in Québec are central to their respective processes of identity-building, it has not been a calm process; the 1798 rebellion was buried in collective amnesia for almost a century and in Québec, the Patriotes rebellions have constantly moved in and out of collective memory. I argue, in this article, that the unstable definition of both nations harmed the process of remembrance. I am therefore interested in the long and conflicting journey that has enabled the Irish and Québécois nations to define themselves, respectively, by their religion and their language. Through a historiographical analysis of the speeches from several leaders of these two nationalist movements, this article shows how nations define and redefine themselves and how memories are also altered to meet those changes.

Mots clés

  • nation-building
  • remembrance
  • rebellions
  • Ireland
  • Québec
  • structural critical discourse analysis
Accès libre

“They Are Khawārij of Our Time:” Relying on Background Knowledge and Long-Term Memory to Justify Fighting ISIS in Jordanian Political Discourse

Publié en ligne: 01 Apr 2022
Pages: 71 - 93

Résumé

Abstract

This study focuses on a discourse practice that metaphorically associates ISIS with an early Islamic sect known as the Kharijites. This practice constructs a discourse that calls back the background knowledge and memory of historical narratives and experiences that create conceptual frames that communicate meanings of war and atrocities. These meanings were used by King Abdullah II of Jordan to justify Jordan’s military participation against ISIS (circa 2014–2018). On the basis of the “blending theory” of conceptual metaphor, this study shows how the discourse practice of depicting ISIS as the Kharijites has undergone selective associations with the ideological aim of constructing persuasive and coercive discourses to justify military intervention against ISIS, primarily by foregrounding scripts of threat and victimization. That, in turn, leads to the instigation of illusive and incomplete associations.

Mots clés

  • Metaphor
  • conceptual frame
  • blending theory
  • ISIS
  • Kharijites
  • political discourse
4 Articles
Accès libre

Neither Civic nor Ethnic: Analyzing Right-Wing Politics Using a Theoretical Expansion of Kohn's “Dichotomy of Nationalism”

Publié en ligne: 27 Feb 2022
Pages: 1 - 22

Résumé

Abstract

Comparative research looks for “ethnic nationalism” to classify a party as either “extreme right” or “radical right.” “Ethnic nationalism” has turned into a common theoretical concept by way of various interpretations of Hans Kohn's work, developing a theoretical ethnic/civic contrast of national ideologies. The application of this dichotomy has been criticized for lack of theoretical depth that resulted in inaccurate analysis and, in some cases, harmful normative judgment. This article claims that this simple contrast between two types of national ideology omits complex theoretical views of nationalism that are neither civic nor ethnic, which are promoted mainly by the conservative right. By expanding Kohn's dichotomy into an “axis of ideological nationalism,” it offers a normative theoretical tool to be used in comparative politics, paving the way for a more comprehensive model of right-wing national ideology.

Mots clés

  • Ethnic nationalism
  • Civic nationalism
  • Culture and nationalism
  • Hans Kohn theory of nationalism
  • Radical right
  • Conservative right
  • Party families
  • Contagion to the right
  • Cordon Sanitaire
Accès libre

Renarrating the “western territories:” training programs for college students in China’s Far West

Publié en ligne: 07 Mar 2022
Pages: 23 - 50

Résumé

Abstract

This paper shows how history is rewritten in China by shaping the memories of its youth, who create new communities by sharing and renarrating new memories. They can become a powerful channel to convey an official interpretation of local histories to a larger public, by marginalizing and appropriating local narratives. The idea behind the program for voluntary narrators under analysis

“Explaining Dunhuang – 2019 University students’ summer programme to become voluntary narrator at Mogao grottoes”. The original name of the program in Chinese is Jieshuo Dunhuang – 2019 Mogao ku gaoxiao shuqi zhiyuan jiangjieyuan 解说敦煌·2019莫高窟高校暑期志愿讲解员.

is to shape memories of China’s young and wealthy students about a place, by transforming its rich cross-cultural fundamentals, symbolic and inner meanings, into a representation of the Nation, able to convey powerful declinations of official narratives on the history of China. The analysis is conducted in consideration of the larger context of the construction and transmission of the official discourse on national identity in contemporary PRC. Specifically, the author provides evidence of how young Chinese internalize and disseminate the party line on Chineseness, and the subordinate role assigned within this process to “minorities.” Minorities are seen both as a threat and an opportunity: a threat to the Party and social cohesion as carriers of diverse identities, an opportunity for contrasting Chineseness with the Other, a backward entity, inadequate and unable to embrace—if not help—the path to modernity.

Mots clés

  • Dunhuang
  • national minorities
  • Chinese history
  • community
  • memories
  • China’s youth
  • renarrating
Accès libre

Defining National Memories: The Cases of Popular Rebellions in Ireland and Québec

Publié en ligne: 07 Mar 2022
Pages: 51 - 70

Résumé

Abstract

While studies on nations and nationalism have brilliantly demonstrated the influence of collective memory on national development, few studies have examined the reciprocity of this relationship. This article is therefore concerned with the laborious processes of memorizing the founding myths of both the Irish and Québécois nations. Indeed, while today the rebellion of 1798 in Ireland and those of 1837–1838 in Québec are central to their respective processes of identity-building, it has not been a calm process; the 1798 rebellion was buried in collective amnesia for almost a century and in Québec, the Patriotes rebellions have constantly moved in and out of collective memory. I argue, in this article, that the unstable definition of both nations harmed the process of remembrance. I am therefore interested in the long and conflicting journey that has enabled the Irish and Québécois nations to define themselves, respectively, by their religion and their language. Through a historiographical analysis of the speeches from several leaders of these two nationalist movements, this article shows how nations define and redefine themselves and how memories are also altered to meet those changes.

Mots clés

  • nation-building
  • remembrance
  • rebellions
  • Ireland
  • Québec
  • structural critical discourse analysis
Accès libre

“They Are Khawārij of Our Time:” Relying on Background Knowledge and Long-Term Memory to Justify Fighting ISIS in Jordanian Political Discourse

Publié en ligne: 01 Apr 2022
Pages: 71 - 93

Résumé

Abstract

This study focuses on a discourse practice that metaphorically associates ISIS with an early Islamic sect known as the Kharijites. This practice constructs a discourse that calls back the background knowledge and memory of historical narratives and experiences that create conceptual frames that communicate meanings of war and atrocities. These meanings were used by King Abdullah II of Jordan to justify Jordan’s military participation against ISIS (circa 2014–2018). On the basis of the “blending theory” of conceptual metaphor, this study shows how the discourse practice of depicting ISIS as the Kharijites has undergone selective associations with the ideological aim of constructing persuasive and coercive discourses to justify military intervention against ISIS, primarily by foregrounding scripts of threat and victimization. That, in turn, leads to the instigation of illusive and incomplete associations.

Mots clés

  • Metaphor
  • conceptual frame
  • blending theory
  • ISIS
  • Kharijites
  • political discourse

Planifiez votre conférence à distance avec Sciendo