1. bookVolume 26 (2022): Edition 1 (January 2022)
Détails du magazine
License
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2255-8837
Première parution
26 Mar 2010
Périodicité
2 fois par an
Langues
Anglais
Accès libre

Emissions and Efficiency Limits of Small-Scale Biomass Heating Systems: Regulations, Standards, and Ecolabels

Publié en ligne: 12 Nov 2022
Volume & Edition: Volume 26 (2022) - Edition 1 (January 2022)
Pages: 1032 - 1043
Détails du magazine
License
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2255-8837
Première parution
26 Mar 2010
Périodicité
2 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

[1] Bertelsen N., Mathiesen B. V. EU-28 residential heat supply and consumption: Historical development and status. Energies 2020:13(8). https://doi.org/10.3390/en1308189410.3390/en13081894 Search in Google Scholar

[2] Bajçinovci B., Bajçinovci M. Prishtina: Urban Health Related to Air Quality. Environ. Clim. Technol. 2020:24(1):294–309. https://doi.org/10.2478/rtuect-2020-001710.2478/rtuect-2020-0017 Search in Google Scholar

[3] Rogulski M., Badyda A., Firląg S. The Share of Pollution from Land Sources in PM Levels in the Region of Danish Straits, North and Baltic Seas. Environ. Clim. Technol. 2021:25(1):764–773. https://doi.org/10.2478/rtuect-2021-005710.2478/rtuect-2021-0057 Search in Google Scholar

[4] Centrālā statistikas pārvalde. Energobilance, TJ. (Central Statistical Office. Energy balance, TJ). 2021. Search in Google Scholar

[5] Centrālā statistikas pārvalde, ‘GPE010. Gaisa emisiju konti (NACE 2.red.) 2000–2020,’ Latvijas oficiālā statistika. (Central Statistical Office, ‘GPE010. Air emissions accounts (NACE 2nd ed.) 2000–2020, official statistics of Latvia). 2021. [Online]. [Accessed: March 9, 2022]. Available: https://data.stat.gov.lv/pxweb/lv/OSP_PUB/START__ENV__GP__GPE/GPE010/table/tableViewLayout1/ (In Latvian). Search in Google Scholar

[6] Centrālā statistikas pārvalde, ‘EPM220. Mājokļu skaits, kas izmanto kurināmo koksni patērējošās iekārtas, un iekārtu vidējais vecums ( % no koksni patērējošo mājokļu skaita; gadi),’ Latvijas oficiālā statistika. (Central Statistical Office, ‘EPM220. The number of dwellings that use firewood-consuming equipment and the average age of the equipment (% of the number of wood-consuming dwellings; years),’ official statistics of Latvia). 2016. [Online]. [Accessed: March 9, 2022]. Available: https://data.stat.gov.lv/pxweb/lv/OSP_OD/OSP_OD__apsekojumi__energ_pat/EPM220.px/ Search in Google Scholar

[7] Latvijas Republikas Ministru kabinets, ‘Noteikumi par gaisa piesārņojuma ierobežošanu no sadedzināšanas iekārtām,’ Noteikumi. (Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Latvia, “Regulations on limiting air pollution from incineration plants,” Regulations). 2021. [Online]. [Accessed: March 9, 2022]. Available: https://likumi.lv/ta/id/320182-noteikumi-par-gaisa-piesarnojuma-ierobezosanu-no-sadedzinasanas-iekartam Search in Google Scholar

[8] Eiropas Komisijas pārstāvniecība Latvijā, ‘No 2021. gada 1. marta lietošanā jauns ES energomarķējums,’ PTAC. (Representation of the European Commission in Latvia, ‘New EU energy label in use from March 1, 2021,’ PTAC). 2021. [Online]. [Accessed: March 9, 2022]. Available: https://www.ptac.gov.lv/lv/jaunums/no-2021-gada-1-martalietosana-jauns-es-energomarkejums Search in Google Scholar

[9] Eiropas Komisija, ‘KOMISIJAS REGULA (ES) 2015/1189, ar ko Eiropas Parlamenta un Padomes Direktīvu 2009/125/EK īsteno attiecībā uz ekodizaina prasībām cietā kurināmā katliem. (European Commission, ‘COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2015/1189 implementing Directive 2009/125/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to ecodesign requirements for solid fuel boilers). 2015. [Online]. [Accessed: March 9, 2022]. Available: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/LV/TXT/HTML/?uri=CELEX:32015R1189&from=SV#d1e221-100-1 (In Latvian). Search in Google Scholar

[10] Eiropas Komisija. Komisijas deleģētā regula (ES) 2015/1187, ar ko Eiropas Parlamenta un Padomes Direktīvu 2010/30/ES papildina attiecībā uz cietā kurināmā katlu un cietā kurināmā katla, papildu sildītāju, temperatūras regulatoru un saules enerģijas iekārtu komplektu energo. (European Commission. Commission delegated regulation (EU) 2015/1187 supplementing Directive 2010/30/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to solid fuel boilers and solid fuel boilers, additional heaters, temperature controllers and solar energy equipment). 2015. [Online]. [Accessed: March 9, 2022]. Available: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/LV/TXT/HTML/?uri=CELEX:32015R1187&from=EN (In Latvian). Search in Google Scholar

[11] MCZ. Energy labelling: what changes for the consumer. 2020. [Online]. [Accessed: March 9, 2022]. Available: https://www.mcz.it/en/service/energy-labelling-stoves-fireplaces/ Search in Google Scholar

[12] CEN. Apkures katli. 5. daļa: Cietā kurināmā apkures katli ar manuālu un automātisku kurināmā padevi un nominālo siltumatdevi līdz 500 kW. Terminoloģija, prasības, testēšana un marķēšana. (CEN. Heating boilers. Part 5: Solid fuel boilers with manual and automatic fuel supply and nominal heat output up to 500 kW. Terminology, requirements, testing and marking). 2012. (In Latvian). Search in Google Scholar

[13] Ecosystems united. What are ecolabels? [Online]. [Accessed: March 9, 2022]. Available: https://ecosystemsunited.com/2019/11/15/what-are-ecolabels/ Search in Google Scholar

[14] Nordic Ecolabelling. About Nordic Ecolabelled Boilers for solid biofuel. 2014. [Online]. [Accessed: March 9, 2022]. Available: https://www.ecolabel.dk/~/media/Ecolabel/Files/Hoeringer/Kedler-til-fast-biobraendsel/060e_3_0_background_consultation_draft.ashx Search in Google Scholar

[15] Schmidl C. European wood-heating technology survey: An overview of combustion principles and the energy and emissions performance characteristics of commercially available systems in Austria, Germany, Denmark, Norway and Sweden. 2010. Search in Google Scholar

[16] Richtlinie UZ 37. Holzheizungen. (Guideline UZ 37. Wood heaters). 2021. [Online]. [Accessed: March 9, 2022]. Available: https://docplayer.org/175855702-Richtlinie-uz-37-holzheizungen.html (In German) Search in Google Scholar

[17] Verma V. K., Bram S., De Ruyck J. Small scale biomass heating systems: Standards, quality labelling and market driving factors – An EU outlook. Biomass and Bioenergy 2009:33(10):1393–1402. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2009.06.00210.1016/j.biombioe.2009.06.002 Search in Google Scholar

[18] Flamme Verte. Qu’est-ce que le label Flamme Verte ? (Green Flame. What is the Flamme Verte label?) [Online]. [Accessed: March 9, 2022]. Available: https://www.flammeverte.org/decouvrir-flamme-verte/pourquoi-label-qualite.html (In French). Search in Google Scholar

[19] Eurostat. Use of renewables for heating and cooling – details. 2021. [Online]. [Accessed: March 9, 2022]. Available: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/databrowser/view/nrg_ind_urhcd/default/table?lang=ne Search in Google Scholar

[20] Eurostat. National accounts (including GDP). 2021. [Online]. [Accessed: March 9, 2022]. Available: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/national-accounts/data/database Search in Google Scholar

[21] European Environment Agency (EEA). Air pollutants by source sector. 2019. [Online]. [Accessed: March 9, 2022]. Available: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/databrowser/view/ENV_AIR_EMIS__custom_2474133/default/table?lang=en Search in Google Scholar

Articles recommandés par Trend MD

Planifiez votre conférence à distance avec Sciendo