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Determination of the binding mechanism of cobalt(II) meso-tetraphenyl porphyrin with plant-esterase

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Plant-esterase (EC 3.1.1.X) has received much attention because plant esterase and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) share a similar sensitivity towards organophosphorus (OP) pesticides detection with the same inhibition mechanism. To improve the analytical performance, tetraphenyl metal porphyrin, as an indicator was introduced to combine with plant-esterase. The time of reach equilibrium in PBS solution was shortened after adding plant-esterase by assaying the intensify change of the porphyrin spectrum. Meanwhile, intensify of porphyrin spectrum with plant-esterase was increased compared with that of only the porphyrin spectrum in solution. Tetraphenyl metal porphyrin, such as cobalt(II) meso-tetraphenyl porphyrin, is a mixed reversible inhibitor of plant-esterase from kinetic parameters. The combination ratio of plant-esterase and porphyrin is 2:1. On the other hand, the interaction between CoTPPCl and plant-esterase is the strongest among all tested tetraphenyl metal porphyrin. And the mixed system (CoTPPCl-plant-esterase) showed the best sensitivity towards the tested pesticide. All these results indicated that a complex system composed of tetraphenyl metal porphyrin and plant-esterase was fit for detecting pesticides. They make meaningful guidance on the further design of sensing material in monitoring pesticides.

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Industrial Chemistry, Biotechnology, Chemical Engineering, Process Engineering