1. bookVolume 4 (2021): Edition 2 (December 2021)
Détails du magazine
Première parution
30 Sep 2018
1 fois par an
access type Accès libre

Relations between a Country and a Continent: China and Africa. A first and not a simple matter......

Publié en ligne: 19 May 2022
Volume & Edition: Volume 4 (2021) - Edition 2 (December 2021)
Pages: 80 - 104
Détails du magazine
Première parution
30 Sep 2018
1 fois par an

Through this contribution of a geopolitical approach, the author intends to propose an updated and accurate framework on the relations between China and Africa as well as some critical reflections on various geopolitical and geo-economic aspects concerning the intense development of the diversified economic relations between China and the different African States.

China’s foreign economic policy in Africa has laid solid foundations through the implementation of the various Sino-African Cooperation Forums that have taken place since 2000 and that have seen an increasing involvement of the Chinese government in the process.

This paper intends to make a brief reflection on China’s visible economic and geopolitical interest in the African Continent as a whole. The analysis that follows traces the main stages in the history of relations between China and Africa, emphasizing the increased importance of the Sino-African forums that led to what is now known as Chinese neo-colonization. In addition, the case studies of the Silk Road and the Rare Lands are highlighted. Finally, some of the social impacts of the Chinese presence in Africa are also examined such as the construction of new cities for the Chinese migrant population and the teaching of the Chinese language (Mandarin) in schools in some African Countries.


AUC - African Union Commission (2015). Africa 2063. The Africa We Wont. Addis Abeba, African Union. Search in Google Scholar

ADEA- Association for Development and Education in Africa (2017). Continental Education Strategy for Africa (CESA 16-25) Journal Volume 1, Search in Google Scholar

Alden, C., Large, D., Soares de Oliveira, R. (Eds.) (2008). China returns to Africa, a superpower and a continent embrace. London: Hurst. Search in Google Scholar

Amighini, A., (Eds.) (2017). China’s Belt and Road: a Game Changer? Novi Ligure-Roma: Edizioni Epoké - ISPI. Search in Google Scholar

Asche, H., Schuller, M. (2008). China’s engagement in Africa, opportunities and risks for development. Eschborn: GTZ. Search in Google Scholar

Bredeloup, S., Bertoncello, B. (2006). Migrazione cinese in Africa: acceleratore di sviluppo o “singhiozzo da uomo di colore”?. Africa contemporanea 2006/2, 218, 199-224.10.3917/afco.218.0199 Search in Google Scholar

Carbone, G. (2021). L’Africa. Gli stati, la politica, i conflitti. Bologna: Il Mulino. Search in Google Scholar

Cellamare, D., Baheli, N. (2012). La penetrazione cinese in Africa. Roma: Edizioni Istituto di Studi Politici. Search in Google Scholar

Croll, P.J., Lebzien, A., Paes, W.-C. (2008). Yellow imperialism or successful wealth creating formula? How the trade in natural resources is changing Chinese-African relations. Bonn: BICC focus. Search in Google Scholar

Documents: Forum on China-Africa Cooperation. Beijing Action Plan 2007-2009. Search in Google Scholar

Dufaux, F. (2003). “China between domestic and global space”, special issue of Géoconfluences. Search in Google Scholar

Ferrari, A. (2008). Africa gialla. L’invasione economica cinese nel continente africano, Torino: UTET. Search in Google Scholar

Finazzi, M. (2015). FOCAC 2015: un salto di qualità per le relazioni sino-africane? Commentary, 9/12/2015, Roma: IPSI. Search in Google Scholar

Gardelli, F. (2009). L’Africa cinese. Gli interessi asiatici nel continente nero. Milano: Università Bocconi Editore. Search in Google Scholar

Giglio, P., Bechis, S. (2019). Nuova Energia per l’Africa. 45 anni di cooperazione controcorrente nel Sahel. Torino: L’Harmattan Italia. Search in Google Scholar

Götz, A. (2019). Land Grabbing and Home Country Development: Chinese and British Land Acquisitions in Comparative Perspective, Bielefeld, transcript-Verlag, 2019.10.1515/9783839442678 Search in Google Scholar

Hannah, E., Labuschagne, J. P. (2019), If you Want to Prosper, Consider Building Roads. China’s Role in African Infrastructure and Capital Projects, Ans, Deloitte University, EMEA CVBA. Search in Google Scholar

Ivona, A. (2018). Accordi economici e nuovi assetti territoriali: un ponte tra Asia ed Europa, in Ernesto Toma (a cura di), Economia, istituzioni, etica e territorio. Casi di studio ed esperienze a confronto, Milano, Franco Angeli, 79-94. Search in Google Scholar

Ivona, A. (2020). Land grabbing, infrastrutture e interessi cinesi. Geotema, no.63 (XXIV), 25-34. Search in Google Scholar

Yafe, H. (2020). La Cina e la governance globale. Proposte cinesi per la gestione del mondo multipolare. Cavriago: Ed. Anteo. Search in Google Scholar

Jean, C. (2008). Sviluppo economico e strategico della Cina. Compatibilità fra geopolitica, economia e bilancio militare. Milano: Franco Angeli. Search in Google Scholar

Ma Mung Kuang, E. (2008). “The New Chinese Migration to Africa”. Social Science Information, 47(40), 643-659.10.1177/0539018408096452 Search in Google Scholar

Masto, R. (2011). Buongiorno Africa. Tra capitali cinesi e nuova società civile. Milano: Mondadori B. Search in Google Scholar

McAuliffe, M., Triandafyllidou, A. (Eds.) (2021). World Migration Report 2022. Geneva: International Organization for Migration (IOM). Search in Google Scholar

MERICS, Mercator Institute for China Studies (2019), Belt and Road Tracker, (www.merics.org,). Search in Google Scholar

Office of the Leading Group for Promoting the Belt and Road Initiative (2019), The Belt and Road Initiative. Progress, Contributions and Prospects, Foreign Languages Press Co. Ltd, Beijing, China. Search in Google Scholar

Messetti, G. (2020). Nella testa del Dragone. Identità e ambizioni della nuova Cina. Milano: Mondadori. Search in Google Scholar

Mthembu, P., Mabera, F. (Eds.) (2021). Africa-ChinaCooperation. Towards an African Policy on China?. London: Palgrave MacMillan.10.1007/978-3-030-53039-6 Search in Google Scholar

Mung Kuang, E. (2008). “The New Chinese Migration to Africa.” Social Science Information, vol. 47 (40): 643-65910.1177/0539018408096452 Search in Google Scholar

Neudert R.,and Voget-Kleschin L. (2021). What are the effects of large-scale land acquisitions in Africa on selected economic and social indicators? Institute DUENE e. V., Greifswald, Germany Search in Google Scholar

OECD (2021). Africa’s Development Dynamics 2021. Digital Transformation for Quality Jobs. Paris: OECD Development Centre. Search in Google Scholar

Office of the Leading Group for Promoting the Belt and Road Initiative (2019), The Belt and Road Initiative. Progress, Contributions and Prospects, Foreign Languages Press Co. Ltd, Beijing, China. Search in Google Scholar

Pieranni, S. (2011). La Cina nuova. Napoli: Laterza Edizioni. Search in Google Scholar

Taylor, I. (2012). The Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC), London: Routledge. Search in Google Scholar

Tegegne, W. (2006). Angel or devil? The re-rise of China and its impact on Africa. Capital, 4(4), 1-2. Search in Google Scholar

The State Council, The People’s Republic of China (2018). China’s Arctic Policy, January 26 2018, Search in Google Scholar

UNCTAD (2021), Economic Development in Africa Report 2021. Reaping the potential benefits of the African Continental Free Trade Area for inclusive growth. Geneva: United Nations. Search in Google Scholar

Whang, L. (2020). La Cina e gli aiuti internazionali. Cooperazione, Sviluppo e “Futuro Condiviso” per il secolo XXI. Cavriago: Anteo. Search in Google Scholar

Zupi, M., Mazzali, M. (Eds.) (2012). Flussi Migratori, Osservatorio di politica Internazionale n.10 – maggio/luglio 2012. Search in Google Scholar

Alfieri, P.M. (2019) La nuova colonizzazione. Ormai anche in Africa si parla cinese. [Online] available at the website: https://www.avvenire.it/mondo/pagine/in-africa-si-parla-cinese (7 /06/2019). Search in Google Scholar

China’s Second Africa Policy Paper 2015. [Online] available at the website: http://www.china.org.cn/world/2015-12/05/content_37241677.htm Search in Google Scholar

CIA factbook, The World Factbook. [Online] available at the website: www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/. Search in Google Scholar

Cina, summit Focac: Xi promette all’Africa un altro miliardo di vaccini anti-Covid. [Online] available at the website: https://www.nova.news/cina-summit-focac-xipromette-allafrica-un-altro-miliardo-di-vaccini (29/11/2021). Search in Google Scholar

Colarizi, A. (2021). La presenza massiccia dell’economia cinese in Africa. [Online] available at the website: https://aspeniaonline.it/la-presenza-massicciadelleconomia-cinese-in-africa/ (27/10/2021). Search in Google Scholar

Cuscito, G. (2021). Risorse e Stati Uniti: perché la Cina resta in Africa. [Online] available at the website: https://www.limesonline.com/rubrica/cina-africa-focacnuove-vie-della-seta (10/12/2021). Search in Google Scholar

EU, Development Commission (2018). Report on China’s policy and its effects on Africa. [Online] available at the website: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-6-2008-0080_EN.html (28/03/2008). Search in Google Scholar

Ferragamo, S. (2020). La dimensione geo-strategica dell’Artico. [Online] available at the website: https://www.amistades.info/post/la-dimensione-geo-strategica-dell-artico (14/12/2020) Search in Google Scholar

Ferrari, A., Trovato, M. (2021). La famosa invasione dei cinesi in Africa. [Online] available at the website: www.africarivista.it/la-famosa-invasione-dei-cinesi-in-africa/186594 (13/06/2021). Search in Google Scholar

French, W. H. (2015). La Cina ha trovato la sua fortuna in Africa, [Online] available at the website: https://www.internazionale.it/festival/notizie/2015/10/02/cina-africa-economia-ferrara (2/10/2021). Search in Google Scholar

Gambino, E. (2018). L’Africa nelle Nuove vie della Seta cinesi. [Online] available at the website: https://www.ispionline.it/it/pubblicazione/lafrica-nelle-nuove-vie-della-seta-cinesi-19745 (27/02/2018). Search in Google Scholar

https://www.africanews.com/2021/11/29/africa-china-summit-continues-in-dakar/ Search in Google Scholar

http://www.china-trade-research.hktdc.com Search in Google Scholar

https://www.cn.undp.org/content/china/en/home/library/south-south-cooperation/issue-brief Search in Google Scholar

http://www.focac.org/eng/ Search in Google Scholar

https://www.ispionline.it/it/ Search in Google Scholar

https://www.mfa.gov.cn/ Search in Google Scholar

https://thediplomat.com/2021/11/where-is-the-forum-on-china-africa-cooperation-headed-next/ Search in Google Scholar

United Nations Development Programme in China - bing.wang@undp.org Search in Google Scholar

https://www.landmatrix.org Search in Google Scholar

https://www.unctad.org Search in Google Scholar

ITA- Italian Tade Agency (2021). Africa-Stock Investimenti cinesi superano i 47 miliardi. [Online] available at the website: www.ice.it/it/news/notizie-dalmondo/191569 (3/10/2021). Search in Google Scholar

Morgan S. (2018). “Le nuove vie della seta aumenteranno i flussi migratori” [Online] available at the website: https://www.limesonline.com/rubrica/nuove-vie-della-seta-migrazioni-cina-demografia (27/06/2018). Search in Google Scholar

Nantulya, P. (2019). Implications for Africa from China’s One Belt One Road Strategy, [Online] available at the website: www.africacenter.org, Search in Google Scholar

Nicoletti, S. (2019). L’azione umanitaria cinese in Africa come strumento di politica estera. [Online] available at the website: https://www.cesiitalia.org/articoli/1010/lazione-umanitaria-cinese-in-africa-come-strumento-dipolitica-estera (2/09/2019). Search in Google Scholar

Osservatorio di politica internazionale (2021). Approfondimenti n. 182. Le sfide del Forum Cina-Africa. (Ed.) Centro Studi di Politica Internazionale (CeSPI) (2021). [Online] available at the website: https://temi.camera.it/leg18/post/OCD15_14535/osservatorio-politicainternazionale-approfondimenti-n-182-sfide-del-forum-cina-africa-cura-del-centrostudi-politica.html. Search in Google Scholar

Pardi, G. (2021). Congo, il forziere d’Africa su cui la Cina allunga le mani. [Online] available at the website: https://www.limesonline.com/congo-africa-cina-usa-terre-rare-minerali-guerre/123714/ (31/05/2021). Search in Google Scholar

Politzer, M. (2008), China and Africa: Stronger Economic Ties Mean More Migration, Migration Policy Institute, Washington DC. [Online] available at the website: http://www.migrationinformation.org. Search in Google Scholar

Raimondi, P.-P. (2021). Terre rare: Pechino punta all’Africa, ma non è sola. [Online] available at the website: www.ispionline.it/it/pubblicazione/terre-rare-pechinopunta-allafrica-ma-non-e-sola-29878 (02/04/2021). Search in Google Scholar

Rossi, A. (2019). L’ Agenda 2063 dell’Unione Africana. [Online] available at the website: https://www.abbanews.eu/pubblicazioni/documenti-storici/agenda-2063-lunione-africana/ (31/09//2019). Search in Google Scholar

Sinopoli, A. (2019). Tutti a lezione di mandarino!. [Online] available at the website: https://www.africarivista.it/a-sinopoli-tutti-a-lezione-di-mandarino/135136/ (28/01/2019) Search in Google Scholar

Tipà, I. (2019) L’influenza della Cina in Africa: il caso del Burkina Faso. [Online] available at the website: https://sicurezzainternazionale.luiss.it/2019/01/20/48731/ (20/01/2019). Search in Google Scholar

United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA) (2021). International Migrant Stock 2020 Documentation. New York. [Online] available at the website: Search in Google Scholar

Virdis, A. (2009). Cina in Africa nonostante la crisi. [Online] available at the website: Search in Google Scholar

www.limesonline.com/cina-in-africa-nonostante-la-crisi/2947 (26 febbraio 2009). Search in Google Scholar

www.english.gov.cn/archive/whitepaper Search in Google Scholar

www.un.org/development/desa/pd/sites/www.un.org.development.desa.pd/files/undesa_pd_2020_international_migrant_stock_documentation.pdf. Search in Google Scholar

Zhou, Y. (2015). China’s environmental diplomacy in Africa. [Online] available at the website: http://africa.chinadaily.com.cn/weekly/2015-05/01/content_20594599.htm. Search in Google Scholar

Zhaoyuan, C. (2021). China-Africa cooperation upgraded. [Online] available at the website: https://www.chinadaily.com.cn/a/202112/25/WS61c6692fa310cdd39bc7d6a8.html. Search in Google Scholar

Zupi, M. (2021). Le sfide del Forum Cina-Africa 2021. Approfondimento n.182 per l’Osservatorio di Politica Internazionale. [Online] available at the website: https://www.cespi.it/it/ricerche/. Search in Google Scholar

Articles recommandés par Trend MD

Planifiez votre conférence à distance avec Sciendo