1. bookVolume 16 (2022): Edition 1 (June 2022)
Détails du magazine
License
Format
Magazine
eISSN
1802-1115
Première parution
26 Jun 2014
Périodicité
2 fois par an
Langues
Anglais
Accès libre

Correlation between user activity at different rooftop typologies in residential buildings in a compact urban context

Publié en ligne: 09 Jul 2022
Volume & Edition: Volume 16 (2022) - Edition 1 (June 2022)
Pages: 65 - 79
Reçu: 04 Oct 2021
Accepté: 10 Apr 2022
Détails du magazine
License
Format
Magazine
eISSN
1802-1115
Première parution
26 Jun 2014
Périodicité
2 fois par an
Langues
Anglais
Abstract

The scarcity of public open space has compelled urbanites to use residential rooftops as an interaction space. In Dhaka, rooftops are used for various social and recreational purposes which has extensively increased due to COVID-19 restrictions. During this period, few rooftops are used frequently while few are less occupied. Hence, the study identifies different variables that impact rooftop activities and finds correlations between them using the Pearson correlation coefficient. The study further shows the direction for accelerating the use of rooftops as an interaction space in residential buildings.

Highlights for public administration, management and planning:

Rooftops represent important places of public life in Dhaka.

The variables that affect the social and recreational activities of residential rooftop space are analysed.

Statistically significant correlations were found between rooftop occupied by various services and number of activities, floor dampness and number of activities, the rooftop occupied by various services and a comfort zone with a pleasant view, parapet height and number of activities, and parapet height and safety.

The paper sets recommendations for designing and managing rooftop spaces.

Keywords

Abu-Ghazzeh M (1999) Housing layout, social interaction, and the place of contact in Abu-Nuseir, Jordan. Journal of Environmental Psychology 19, (1):41–73. doi: 10.1006/jevp.1998.0106.10.1006/jevp.1998.0106 Search in Google Scholar

Aziz N, Kabir T (2013) Incorporating natural elements within building-cases from Dhaka: learning from traditional patterns. International Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology (IASET 2, (1):57–66. Search in Google Scholar

Barua S, Ikbal A (2012) Review of green roof: a relief in dense urban development. In: Proceedings of ICETCESD. Sylhet, Bangladesh, pp. 10–12. Search in Google Scholar

Cartwright M (2018) Hanging gardens of Babylon. World history encyclopaedia. Available at: <https://www.worldhistory.org/Hanging_Gardens_of_Babylon>. Search in Google Scholar

Daley RM (2015) Chicago’s Green Roofs: A Guide to Rooftop Gardening. Chicago Dept. of Environment. Available at: <https://cupdf.com/document/a-guide-to-roof-top-gardening-chicago.html>. Search in Google Scholar

Hossain SZ (2020) Rooftops become centre of attraction amidst Covid-19 pandemic. Dhaka Tribune Retrieved. Available at: <https://www.dhakatribune.com/bangladesh/dhaka/2020/06/23/rooftops-become-centre-of-attraction-amidst-covid-19-pandemic>. Search in Google Scholar

Husin HN, Nawawi AH, Ismail F, Khalil N (2015) Correlation analysis of occupants’ satisfaction and safety performance level in low-cost housing. Procedia-Social and Behavioural Sciences 168:238–248. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.10.229.10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.10.229 Search in Google Scholar

Iffat W, Fatemi NM (2012) Adaptive Roof Tops as A Multifunctional Breathing Space: The Old Dhaka Context. Proceedings of International Seminar on Livable Space – Creating Space for Better Life. Jakarta 16-17 February, 373. Department Of Architecture, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning, Trisakti University, Jakarta, Indonesia. Search in Google Scholar

Islam ZH (2016) Changing Housing Scenario of Dhaka and its Impact on Social Interaction. Cities People Places an International Journal on Urban Environments 1, (2):16–26. doi: 10.4038/cpp.v1i2.8.10.4038/cpp.v1i2.8 Search in Google Scholar

Kamruzzaman M, Ogura M (2007) Apartment Housing in Dhaka City: Past, Present and Characteristic Outlook. Session A-1: Residential Building/Young Researchers Award. University of the Ryukyu’s, 1 Senbaru, Okinawa 903-0213, Japan. Search in Google Scholar

Mesimaki M, Hauru K, Lehvavirta S (2019) Do small green roofs have the possibility to offer recreational and experiential benefits in a dense urban area? A case study in Helsinki, Finland. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 140:114–124. doi: 10.1016/j.ufug.2018.10.005.10.1016/j.ufug.2018.10.005 Search in Google Scholar

Minitab (2019) Interpret the key results for Correlation. Minitab Express. Available at: <https://support.minitab.com/enus/minitab-express/1/help-and-how-to/modeling-statistics/regression/how-to/correlation/interpret-the-results>. Search in Google Scholar

Nabi ASMM, Kamruzzaman M, Khalil W, Khandokar F (2004) Apartment Housing in High Class Residential Areas of Dhaka City: A Case Study of Dhanmondi, Gulshan and Baridhara. Jahangirnagar Planning Review 2. Search in Google Scholar

Ozaki R (2001) Society and housing form: home-centredness in England vs. family-centredness in Japan. Journal of Historical Sociology 14, (3):337–357. doi: 10.1111/1467-6443.00149.10.1111/1467-6443.0014918198512 Search in Google Scholar

Rowe B (2011) Green roofs as a means of pollution abatement. Environmental Pollution 159, (8-9):2100–2110. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2010.10.029.10.1016/j.envpol.2010.10.02921074914 Search in Google Scholar

Seigle D (2015) NEAG School of Education. Available at: <https://researchbasics.education.uconn.edu/correlation>. Search in Google Scholar

Shimmin H (2013) A brief history of roof garden. Heather Shamim Photography. Available at: <http://www.heathershimmin.com/a-brief-history-of-roof-gardens>. Search in Google Scholar

Smetanina V (2018) Rooftop Urbanism, Usage and Potential of rooftop space in the urban environment. Kawazoe Laboratory, Department of Architecture, Graduate school of engineering, University of Tokyo,. Search in Google Scholar

Spacey J (2017) Green roof vs rooftop gardening. Simplicable. Available at: <https://simplicable.com/new/green-roof-vs-roof-garden>. Search in Google Scholar

Thompson J, Sorvig K (2000) Sustainable Landscape Construction. Island Press, Washington DC. Search in Google Scholar

Trochim W (2021). Correlation. Conjointly. Available at: <https://conjointly.com/kb/correlation-statistic>. Search in Google Scholar

Articles recommandés par Trend MD

Planifiez votre conférence à distance avec Sciendo