1. bookVolume 44 (2018): Edition 2 (July 2018)
Détails du magazine
Première parution
16 Apr 2016
3 fois par an
access type Accès libre

Parenthood and Later Life Health: An International Life Course Analysis of Parents and Childless Adults Aged 50 and Older

Publié en ligne: 28 Jul 2018
Volume & Edition: Volume 44 (2018) - Edition 2 (July 2018)
Pages: 327 - 356
Détails du magazine
Première parution
16 Apr 2016
3 fois par an

This study investigates how women’s and men’s fertility history affect their health in later life and if this relationship varies across countries and cohorts. We use life history data and current health status of persons aged 50 and over from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) for 13 countries. Country-fixed effects regressions show that parenthood itself and the number of children have little impact on later life health, but fertility timing is important. Moreover, significant country and cohort differences show that the health implications of timing depend upon the socio-historic context.


Aassve, Arnstein, Stefano Mazzuco, and Letizia Mencarini. 2005. Childbearing and Well-Being: A Comparative Analysis of European Welfare Regimes. Journal of European Social Policy 15(4): 283–299.10.1177/0958928705057262Search in Google Scholar

Aitken, Zoe, Cameryn C. Garrett, Belinda Hewitt, Louise Keogh, Jane S. Hocking, and Anne M. Kavanagh. 2015. The Maternal Health Outcomes of Paid Maternity Leave: A Systematic Review. Social Science & Medicine 130: 32–41.10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.02.001Search in Google Scholar

Allison, Paul D. 2009. Fixed Effects Regression Models. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications.10.4135/9781412993869Search in Google Scholar

Arnett, Jeffrey J. 1998. Risk Behavior and Family Role Transitions During the Twenties. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 27(3): 301–320.10.1023/A:1022851003328Search in Google Scholar

Bambra, Clare. 2006. Health Status and the Worlds of Welfare. Social Policy and Society 5(1): 53–62.10.1017/S1474746405002721Search in Google Scholar

Barban, Nicola. 2013. Family Trajectories and Health: A Life Course Perspective. European Journal of Population/Revue européenne de Démographie 29(4): 357–385.10.1007/s10680-013-9296-3Search in Google Scholar

Beckfield, Jason, Clare Bambra, Terje A. Eikemo, Tim Huijts, Courtney McNamara, and Claus Wendt. 2015. An Institutional Theory of Welfare State Effects on the Distribution of Population Health. Social Theory & Health 13(3–4): 227–244.10.1057/sth.2015.19Search in Google Scholar

Ben-David, Alon, Saralee Glassner, Eyal Schiff, Aliza S. Zahav, Valentina Boyko, and Liat Lerner-Geva. 2016. Pregnancy and Birth Outcomes Among Primaparae at Very Advanced Maternal Age: At What Price? Maternal and Child Health Journal 20: 833–842.10.1007/s10995-015-1914-8Search in Google Scholar

Billari, Francesco C., Hans-Peter Kohler, Gunnar Andersson, and Hans Lundström. 2007. Approaching the Limit: Long-Term Trends in Late and Very Late Fertility. Population and Development Review 33(1): 149–170.10.1111/j.1728-4457.2007.00162.xSearch in Google Scholar

Börsch-Supan, Axel, Martina Brandt, Christian Hunkler, Thorsten Kneip, Julie Korbmacher, Frederic Malter, Barbara Schaan, Stephanie Stuck, and Sabrina Zuber. 2013. Data Resource Profile: The Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). International Journal of Epidemiology 42(4): 992–1001.10.1093/ije/dyt088Search in Google Scholar

Breart, Gérard. 1997. Delayed Childbearing. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 75(1): 71–73.10.1016/S0301-2115(97)00190-5Search in Google Scholar

Brockmann, Hilke and Thomas Klein. 2004. Love and Death in Germany: The Marital Biography and Its Effect on Mortality. Journal of Marriage and Family 66(3): 567–581.10.1111/j.0022-2445.2004.00038.xSearch in Google Scholar

Burton-Jeangros, Claudine, Stéphane Cullati, Amanda Sacker, and David Blane (eds.). 2015. A Life Course Perspective on Health Trajectories and Transitions. Cham: Springer.10.1007/978-3-319-20484-0Search in Google Scholar

Carlson, Daniel L. 2011. Explaining the Curvilinear Relationship Between Age at First Birth and Depression Among Women. Social Science & Medicine 72(4): 494–503.10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.12.001Search in Google Scholar

Castles, Francis G. and Herbert Obinger. 2008. Worlds, Families, Regimes: Country Clusters in European and OECD Area Public Policy. West European Politics 31(1/2): 321–344.Search in Google Scholar

Curtis, Lori and Shelley Phipps. 2004. Social Transfers and the Health Status of Mothers in Norway and Canada. Social Science & Medicine 58(12): 2499–2507.10.1016/j.socscimed.2003.09.030Search in Google Scholar

DiPrete, Thomas A. and Gregory M. Eirich. 2006. Cumulative Advantage as a Mechanism for Inequality: A Review of Theoretical and Empirical Developments. Annual Review of Sociology 32(1): 271–297.10.1146/annurev.soc.32.061604.123127Search in Google Scholar

Eggebeen, David J. and Chris Knoester. 2001. Does Fatherhood Matter for Men? Journal of Marriage and Family 63(2): 381–393.10.1111/j.1741-3737.2001.00381.xSearch in Google Scholar

Freijka, Tomas. 2016. The Demographic Transition Revisited: A Cohort Perspective. Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research Working Paper, Rostock.10.4054/MPIDR-WP-2016-012Search in Google Scholar

Furstenberg, Frank F. 2007. Destinies of the Disadvantaged: The Politics of Teen Childbearing. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Search in Google Scholar

Furstenberg Jr., Frank F., Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, and S. Philip Morgan. 1987. Adolescent Mothers in Later Life. New York, NY, US: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9780511752810Search in Google Scholar

Gibney, Sarah, Liam Delaney, Mary Codd, and Tony Fahey. 2015. Lifetime Childlessness, Depressive Mood and Quality of Life Among Older Europeans. Social Indicators Research 130(1): 1–19.Search in Google Scholar

Goisis, Alice, Daniel C. Schneider, and Mikko Myrskylä. 2017. The Reversing Association Between Advanced Maternal Age and Child Cognitive Ability: Evidence From Three UK Birth Cohorts. International Journal of Epidemiology 46(3): 850–859.10.1093/ije/dyw354Search in Google Scholar

Goode, William J. 1960. A Theory of Role Strain. American Sociological Review 25(4): 483–496.10.2307/2092933Search in Google Scholar

Grundy, Emily. 2009. Women’s Fertility and Mortality in Late Mid Life: A Comparison of Three Contemporary Populations. American Journal of Human Biology: The Official Journal of the Human Biology Council 21: 541–547.10.1002/ajhb.20953Search in Google Scholar

Grundy, Emily and Cecilia Tomassini. 2005. Fertility History and Health in Later Life: A Record Linkage Study in England and Wales. Social Science & Medicine 61(1): 217–228.10.1016/j.socscimed.2004.11.046Search in Google Scholar

Hank, Karsten. 2010. Childbearing History, Later-Life Health, and Mortality in Germany. Population Studies 64(3): 275–291.10.1080/00324728.2010.506243Search in Google Scholar

Hansen, Thomas. 2012. Parenthood and Happiness: A Review of Folk Theories Versus Empirical Evidence. Social Indicators Research 108(1): 29–64.10.1007/s11205-011-9865-ySearch in Google Scholar

Helbig, Sylvia, Thomas Lampert, Michael Klose, and Frank Jacobi. 2006. Is Parenthood Associated With Mental Health? Findings From an Epidemiological Community Survey. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 41(11): 889–896.10.1007/s00127-006-0113-8Search in Google Scholar

Henretta, John C. 2007. Early Childbearing, Marital Status, and Women’s Health and Mortality After Age 50. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 48(3): 254–266.10.1177/002214650704800304Search in Google Scholar

Huijts, Tim, Gerbert Kraaykamp, and Subbaya V. Subramanian. 2013. Childlessness and Psychological Well-Being in Context: A Multilevel Study on 24 European Countries. European Sociological Review 29(1): 32–47.10.1093/esr/jcr037Search in Google Scholar

Hurt, Lisa S., Carine Ronsmans, and Sara L. Thomas. 2006. The Effect of Number of Births on Women’s Mortality: Systematic Review of the Evidence for Women Who Have Completed Their Childbearing. Population Studies 60(1): 55–71.10.1080/00324720500436011Search in Google Scholar

Kennedy, Patricia, Naonori Kodate, and Nadine Reibling. 2015. Welfare Regimes, Healthcare Regimes and Maternity Services and Policy: A Comparative Perspective. Pp. 4–19 in Maternity Services and Policy in an International Context: Risk, Citizenship, and Welfare Regimes, edited by Patricia Kennedy and Naonori Kodate. Abingdon: Routledge.10.4324/9781315817033Search in Google Scholar

Kington, Raynard, Lee Lillard, and Jeannette Rogowski. 1997. Reproductive History, Socioeconomic Status, and Self-Reported Health Status of Women Aged 50 Years or Older. American Journal of Public Health 87(1): 33–37.10.2105/AJPH.87.1.33Search in Google Scholar

Kohler, Hans-Peter, Jere R. Behrman, and Axel Skytthe. 2005. Partner Plus Children = Happiness? The Effects of Partnerships and Fertility on Well-Being. Population and Development Review 31(3): 407–445.10.1111/j.1728-4457.2005.00078.xSearch in Google Scholar

Kozuki, Naoko, Anne C. C. Lee, Mariangela F. Silveira, Ayesha Sania, Joshua P. Vogel, Linda Adair, Fernando Barros, Laura E. Caulfield, Parul Christian, Wafaie Fawzi, Jean Humphrey, Lieven Huybregts, Aroonsri Mongkolchati, Robert Ntozini, David Osrin, Dominique Roberfroid, James Tielsch, Anjana Vaidya, Robert E. Black, Joanne Katz, and Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group (CHERG) Small-for-Gestational Age Preterm Birth Working Group. 2013. The Associations of Parity and Maternal Age With Small-for-Gestational Age, Preterm, and Neonatal and Infant Mortality: A Meta-Analysis. BMC Public Health 13(3): 5.10.1186/1471-2458-13-S3-S5Search in Google Scholar

Kroll, Lars Eric, Stephan Mueters, Petra Rattay, and Thomas Lampert. 2016. Employment, Family and Health in Men of Working Age in Germany Results of the GEDA Studies 2009–2012. Bundesgesundheitsblatt-Gesundheitsforschung-Gesundheitsschutz 59(8): 932–941.10.1007/s00103-016-2377-9Search in Google Scholar

Lacey, Rebecca, Amanda Sacker, Steven Bell, Meena Kumari, Diana Worts, Peggy McDonough, Diana Kuh, and Anne McMunn. 2017. Work-Family Life Courses and BMI Trajectories in Three British Birth Cohorts. International Journal of Obesity 41: 332–339.10.1038/ijo.2016.197Search in Google Scholar

Lisonkova, Sarka, Jayson Potts, Giulia M. Muraca, Neda Razaz, Yessar Sabr, Wee-Shian Chan, and Michael S. Kramer. 2017. Maternal Age and Severe Maternal Morbidity: A Population-Based Retrospective Cohort Study. PLoS Medicine 14(5): e1002307.10.1371/journal.pmed.1002307Search in Google Scholar

Loudon, Irvine. 2000. Maternal Mortality in the Past and Its Relevance to Developing Countries Today. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 72(1): 241–246.10.1093/ajcn/72.1.241SSearch in Google Scholar

Maas, Cora J. M, and Joop J. Hox. 2005. Sufficient Sample Sizes for Multilevel Modeling. Methodology 1(3): 86–92.10.1027/1614-2241.1.3.86Search in Google Scholar

Marks, Stephen R. 1977. Multiple Roles and Role Strain: Some Notes on Human Energy, Time and Commitment. American Sociological Review 42(6): 921–936.10.2307/2094577Search in Google Scholar

Mayer, Karl Ulrich. 2009. New Directions in Life Course Research. Annual Review of Sociology 35(1): 413–433.10.1146/annurev.soc.34.040507.134619Search in Google Scholar

Merrill, Ray M., Stephanie Fugal, Lelinneth B. Novilla, and Matthew C. Raphael. 2005. Cancer Risk Associated With Early and Late Maternal Age at First Birth. Gynecologic Oncology 96(3): 583–593.10.1016/j.ygyno.2004.11.038Search in Google Scholar

Mirowsky, John. 2005. Age at First Birth, Health, and Mortality. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 46(1): 32–50.10.1177/002214650504600104Search in Google Scholar

Mirowsky, John and Catherine E Ross. 2002. Depression, Parenthood, and Age at First Birth. Social Science & Medicine 54(8): 1281–1298.10.1016/S0277-9536(01)00096-XSearch in Google Scholar

Mirowsky, John. 2002. Parenthood and Health: The Pivotal and Optimal Age at First Birth. Social Forces 81(1): 315–349.10.1353/sof.2002.0055Search in Google Scholar

Möhring, Katja. 2012. The Fixed Effects Approach as Alternative to Multilevel Models for Cross-National Analyses. Paper presented at the 10th ESPAnet Conference, Edinburgh, Scotland, September 6–8, 2012.Search in Google Scholar

Muñoz, Nubia, Silvia Franceschi, Cristina Bosetti, Victor Moreno, Rolando Herrero, Jennifer S. Smith, Keerti V. Shah, Chris J. L. M. Meijer, and F. Xavier Bosch. 2002. Role of Parity and Human Papillomavirus in Cervical Cancer: The IARC Multicentric Case-Control Study. The Lancet 359(9312): 1093–1101.10.1016/S0140-6736(02)08151-5Search in Google Scholar

Nauck, Bernhard, Chin-Chun Yi, Johannes Huinink, and Michael Feldhaus. 2009. Family Research From the Life Course Perspective. International Sociology 24(3): 299–324.10.1177/0268580909102910Search in Google Scholar

Nomaguchi, Kei M. and Suzanne M. Bianchi. 2004. Exercise Time: Gender Differences in the Effects of Marriage, Parenthood, and Employment. Journal of Marriage and Family 66(2): 413–430.10.1111/j.1741-3737.2004.00029.xSearch in Google Scholar

Nomaguchi, Kei M. and Melissa A. Milkie. 2003. Costs and Rewards of Children: The Effects of Becoming a Parent on Adults’ Lives. Journal of Marriage and Family 65(2): 356–374.10.1111/j.1741-3737.2003.00356.xSearch in Google Scholar

O’Flaherty, Martin, Janeen Baxter, Michele Haynes, and Gavin Turrell. 2015. Age at First Birth and Long-Term Health in Life Course Perspective: Contextualizing the Health Effects of Fertility Timing. The Australian Research Council Life Course Centre Working Paper Series 28.Search in Google Scholar

Orloff, Ann Shola. 1993. Gender and the Social Rights of Citizenship: The Comparative Analysis of Gender Relations and Welfare States. American Sociological Review 58(3): 303–328.10.2307/2095903Search in Google Scholar

Ozalp, Sinan, Huseyin Mete Tanir, Turgay Sener, Sibel Yazan, and Ali E. Keskin. 2003. Health Risks for Early (≤ 19) and Late (≥ 35) Childbearing. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 268(3): 172–174.10.1007/s00404-002-0359-7Search in Google Scholar

Prince, Martin J., Reischies F., A. T. F. Beekman, R. Fuhrur, C. Jonker, S. L. Kivela, B. A. Lawtor, A. Lobo, H. Magnusson, M. Fichter, H. van Oyen, M. Roelands, I. Skoog, C. Turrina, J. R. M. Copeland. 1999. Development of the EURO-D Scale – a European, Union Initiative to Compare Symptoms of Depression in 14 European Centres. The British Journal of Psychiatry 174(4): 330–338.10.1192/bjp.174.4.330Search in Google Scholar

Read, Sanna and Emily Grundy. 2011. Fertility History and Quality of Life in Older Women and Men. Ageing & Society 31(1): 125–145.10.1017/S0144686X10000760Search in Google Scholar

Read, Sanna, Emily Grundy, and Douglas A. Wolf. 2011. Fertility History, Health, and Health Changes in Later Life: A Panel Study of British Women and Men Born 1923–1949. Population Studies 65(2): 201–215.10.1080/00324728.2011.572654Search in Google Scholar

Restrepo-Méndez, Maria C., Debbie A. Lawlor, Bernardo L. Horta, Alicia Matijasevich, Iná S. Santos, Ana M. B. Menezes, Fernando, C. Barros, and Cesar G. Victora. 2015. The Association of Maternal Age With Birthweight and Gestational Age: A Cross-Cohort Comparison. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 29: 31–40.10.1111/ppe.12162Search in Google Scholar

Russo, Jose, Raquel Moral, Gabriela A. Balogh, Daniel Mailo, and Irma H. Russo. 2005. The Protective Role of Pregnancy in Breast Cancer. Breast Cancer Research: BCR 7(3): 131–142.10.1186/bcr1029Search in Google Scholar

Scalone, Francesco. 2014. Effects of Nutritional Stress and Socio-Economic Status on Maternal Mortality in Six German Villages, 1766–1863. Population Studies 68(2): 217–236.10.1080/00324728.2013.821153Search in Google Scholar

Schröder, M. (ed.). 2011. Retrospective Data Collection in the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe. SHARELIFE Methodology. Mannheim: Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Aging (MEA).Search in Google Scholar

Shaw, Mary, Debbie A. Lawlor, and Jake M. Najman. 2006. Teenage Children of Teenage Mothers: Psychological, Behavioral, and Health Outcomes From an Australian Prospective Longitudinal Study. Social Science & Medicine 62(10): 2526–2539.10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.10.007Search in Google Scholar

Sieber, Sam D. 1974. Toward a Theory of Role Accumulation. American Sociological Review 39(4): 567–578.10.2307/2094422Search in Google Scholar

Spence, Naomi J. 2008. The Long-Term Consequences of Childbearing: Physical and Psychological Well-Being of Mothers in Later Life. Research on Aging 30(6): 722–751.10.1177/0164027508322575Search in Google Scholar

Tanaka, Kimiko and Nan E. Johnson. 2014. Childlessness and Mental Well-Being in a Global Context. Journal of Family Issues 37(8): 1027–1045.10.1177/0192513X14526393Search in Google Scholar

Taylor, Julie Lounds. 2009. Midlife Impacts of Adolescent Parenthood. Journal of Family Issues 30(4): 484–510.10.1177/0192513X08329601Search in Google Scholar

Teachman, Jay. 2010. Family Life Course Statuses and Transitions: Relationships With Health Limitations. Sociological Perspectives 53(2): 201–219.10.1525/sop.2010.53.2.201Search in Google Scholar

Tomka, Béla. 2013. A Social History of Twentieth-Century Europe. Abingdon: Routledge.10.4324/9780203375358Search in Google Scholar

Umberson, Debra, Tetyana Pudrovska, and Corinne Reczek. 2010. Parenthood, Childlessness, and Well-Being: A Life Course Perspective. Journal of Marriage and Family 72(3): 612–629.10.1111/j.1741-3737.2010.00721.xSearch in Google Scholar

Westendorp, Rudi. G. and Thomas B. Kirkwood. 1998. Human Longevity at the Cost of Reproductive Success. Nature 396(6713): 743–746.10.1038/25519Search in Google Scholar

Yi, Zeng and James Vaupel. 2004. Association of Late Childbearing With Healthy Longevity Among the Oldest-Old in China. Population Studies 58(1): 37–53.10.1080/0032472032000175437Search in Google Scholar

Articles recommandés par Trend MD

Planifiez votre conférence à distance avec Sciendo