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Detalles de la revista
Formato
Revista
eISSN
2784-1391
Publicado por primera vez
12 Apr 2013
Periodo de publicación
4 veces al año
Idiomas
Inglés

Buscar

Volumen 12 (2016): Edición 3 (September 2016)

Detalles de la revista
Formato
Revista
eISSN
2784-1391
Publicado por primera vez
12 Apr 2013
Periodo de publicación
4 veces al año
Idiomas
Inglés

Buscar

4 Artículos
access type Acceso abierto

The Comparative Analysis of Hydrodynamic Pressures in Cylindrical Tanks

Publicado en línea: 24 Oct 2016
Páginas: 1 - 12

Resumen

Abstract

This article presents a comparative study of the values of hydrodynamic pressure and their resultants occurred during the seismic action using P100-1/2013 technical rules and the relations defined in the papers: [1], [3], [5] and the Romanian standard [2] SR EN 1998-4 (silos, tanks and pipelines), which is implemented in Romania. Two cylindrical tanks placed in the same seismic zone have been chosen, with the same amount of storage (about 5000 m3), but of different geometries, to illustrate the influence of hydrodynamic pressures on the construction size (long and short wall behavior) as a function of ratio of the fluid height on the cylinder radius and ratio of corner period on the eigenperiod of the fluid mass. Also in the analyses, in order to evaluate the hydrodynamic convective pressure both the fundamental period of oscillation of the fluid mass and the first ten periods of oscillation were used.

Palabras clave

  • seism
  • impulsive pressure
  • convective pressure
  • Housner
  • Epstein
  • Eurocode
access type Acceso abierto

Modelling the Slab Failure of an Open Structure Acted by External Blast Loads

Publicado en línea: 24 Oct 2016
Páginas: 13 - 18

Resumen

Abstract

The explosion of bombs near buildings generally yields severe damages to the structures. Explosion resistant standards and requirements are constantly being developed and upgraded. This paper focuses on the damages which occur toa RC slab due to blast action. The numerical model replicates a ¼ scale experiment. The analysis is conducted using a software based on the recently developed Applied Element Method. This numerical method is able to model accurately all the structural behavior stages up to failure. The results are compared to experimental data available in the literature. The analysis reveals that the slab failure due to uplift pressures may be avoided by some simple reinforcing details, as they are listed in the Romanian National Annex – accidental loads of the Eurocode EN 1991-1-7.

Palabras clave

  • slab uplift
  • vertical displacement
  • reinforcing details
  • accidental loads
  • applied element method
access type Acceso abierto

Dam Failure Effects on Local/Regional Critical Infrastructures

Publicado en línea: 24 Oct 2016
Páginas: 19 - 29

Resumen

Palabras clave

  • critical infrastructure
  • failure scenario
  • multi-risk analysis
  • vulnerability
access type Acceso abierto

The Influence of Flexibility Coefficient on the Size of Internal Forces and Deformations in Circular Plates on Elastic Medium

Publicado en línea: 24 Oct 2016
Páginas: 30 - 44

Resumen

Abstract

This paper presents an analytical study which deals with the behavior of the circular plates in bending theory, considering the soil-structure interaction under Winkler's hypothesis. It was intended to illustrate the variation of internal forces and deformations according to the flexibility coefficient of plates considering three models: a fixed solid circular plate subjected to a uniformly distributed load, a fixed solid circular plate acted by a displacement applied on the exterior contour and a solid plate subjected to a temperature gradient. For this study the computation relations were written as a product between a dimensional and a non-dimensional factor, the last one indicating the variation of internal forces and deformations. For each type of action there are presented results obtained using the finite element method to illustrate the differences between this method and the analytical computation.

Palabras clave

  • temperature gradient
  • stiffness
  • bending
  • Winkler medium
  • foundation
4 Artículos
access type Acceso abierto

The Comparative Analysis of Hydrodynamic Pressures in Cylindrical Tanks

Publicado en línea: 24 Oct 2016
Páginas: 1 - 12

Resumen

Abstract

This article presents a comparative study of the values of hydrodynamic pressure and their resultants occurred during the seismic action using P100-1/2013 technical rules and the relations defined in the papers: [1], [3], [5] and the Romanian standard [2] SR EN 1998-4 (silos, tanks and pipelines), which is implemented in Romania. Two cylindrical tanks placed in the same seismic zone have been chosen, with the same amount of storage (about 5000 m3), but of different geometries, to illustrate the influence of hydrodynamic pressures on the construction size (long and short wall behavior) as a function of ratio of the fluid height on the cylinder radius and ratio of corner period on the eigenperiod of the fluid mass. Also in the analyses, in order to evaluate the hydrodynamic convective pressure both the fundamental period of oscillation of the fluid mass and the first ten periods of oscillation were used.

Palabras clave

  • seism
  • impulsive pressure
  • convective pressure
  • Housner
  • Epstein
  • Eurocode
access type Acceso abierto

Modelling the Slab Failure of an Open Structure Acted by External Blast Loads

Publicado en línea: 24 Oct 2016
Páginas: 13 - 18

Resumen

Abstract

The explosion of bombs near buildings generally yields severe damages to the structures. Explosion resistant standards and requirements are constantly being developed and upgraded. This paper focuses on the damages which occur toa RC slab due to blast action. The numerical model replicates a ¼ scale experiment. The analysis is conducted using a software based on the recently developed Applied Element Method. This numerical method is able to model accurately all the structural behavior stages up to failure. The results are compared to experimental data available in the literature. The analysis reveals that the slab failure due to uplift pressures may be avoided by some simple reinforcing details, as they are listed in the Romanian National Annex – accidental loads of the Eurocode EN 1991-1-7.

Palabras clave

  • slab uplift
  • vertical displacement
  • reinforcing details
  • accidental loads
  • applied element method
access type Acceso abierto

Dam Failure Effects on Local/Regional Critical Infrastructures

Publicado en línea: 24 Oct 2016
Páginas: 19 - 29

Resumen

Palabras clave

  • critical infrastructure
  • failure scenario
  • multi-risk analysis
  • vulnerability
access type Acceso abierto

The Influence of Flexibility Coefficient on the Size of Internal Forces and Deformations in Circular Plates on Elastic Medium

Publicado en línea: 24 Oct 2016
Páginas: 30 - 44

Resumen

Abstract

This paper presents an analytical study which deals with the behavior of the circular plates in bending theory, considering the soil-structure interaction under Winkler's hypothesis. It was intended to illustrate the variation of internal forces and deformations according to the flexibility coefficient of plates considering three models: a fixed solid circular plate subjected to a uniformly distributed load, a fixed solid circular plate acted by a displacement applied on the exterior contour and a solid plate subjected to a temperature gradient. For this study the computation relations were written as a product between a dimensional and a non-dimensional factor, the last one indicating the variation of internal forces and deformations. For each type of action there are presented results obtained using the finite element method to illustrate the differences between this method and the analytical computation.

Palabras clave

  • temperature gradient
  • stiffness
  • bending
  • Winkler medium
  • foundation

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