Revista y Edición

Volumen 30 (2022): Edición 3 (September 2022)

Volumen 30 (2022): Edición 2 (June 2022)

Volumen 30 (2022): Edición 1 (March 2022)

Volumen 29 (2021): Edición 4 (December 2021)

Volumen 29 (2021): Edición 3 (September 2021)

Volumen 29 (2021): Edición 2 (June 2021)

Volumen 29 (2021): Edición 1 (March 2021)

Volumen 28 (2020): Edición 4 (December 2020)

Volumen 28 (2020): Edición 3 (September 2020)

Volumen 28 (2020): Edición 2 (June 2020)

Volumen 28 (2020): Edición 1 (March 2020)

Volumen 27 (2019): Edición 4 (December 2019)

Volumen 27 (2019): Edición 3 (September 2019)

Volumen 27 (2019): Edición 2 (June 2019)

Volumen 27 (2019): Edición 1 (March 2019)

Volumen 26 (2018): Edición 4 (December 2018)

Volumen 26 (2018): Edición 3 (September 2018)

Volumen 26 (2018): Edición 2 (June 2018)

Volumen 26 (2018): Edición 1 (March 2018)

Volumen 25 (2017): Edición 4 (December 2017)

Volumen 25 (2017): Edición 3 (September 2017)

Volumen 25 (2017): Edición 2 (June 2017)

Volumen 25 (2017): Edición 1 (March 2017)

Volumen 24 (2016): Edición 4 (December 2016)

Volumen 24 (2016): Edición 3 (September 2016)

Volumen 24 (2016): Edición 2 (June 2016)

Volumen 24 (2016): Edición 1 (March 2016)

Volumen 23 (2015): Edición 4 (December 2015)

Volumen 23 (2015): Edición 3 (September 2015)

Volumen 23 (2015): Edición 2 (June 2015)

Volumen 23 (2015): Edición 1 (March 2015)

Volumen 22 (2014): Edición 4 (December 2014)

Volumen 22 (2014): Edición 3 (September 2014)

Volumen 22 (2014): Edición 2 (June 2014)

Volumen 22 (2014): Edición 1 (March 2014)

Volumen 21 (2013): Edición 4 (December 2013)

Volumen 21 (2013): Edición 3 (September 2013)

Volumen 21 (2013): Edición 2 (June 2013)

Volumen 21 (2013): Edición 1 (March 2013)

Detalles de la revista
Formato
Revista
eISSN
2199-6202
Publicado por primera vez
30 Jul 2013
Periodo de publicación
4 veces al año
Idiomas
Inglés

Buscar

Volumen 29 (2021): Edición 4 (December 2021)

Detalles de la revista
Formato
Revista
eISSN
2199-6202
Publicado por primera vez
30 Jul 2013
Periodo de publicación
4 veces al año
Idiomas
Inglés

Buscar

4 Artículos
Acceso abierto

The Geography of Demilitarisation: Do Regional Economic Disparities Affect the Spatial Distribution of Military Base Closures?

Publicado en línea: 31 Dec 2021
Páginas: 252 - 266

Resumen

Abstract

Very few researchers have focused on the question of: if and to what extent, regional economic disparities affect military base closures. In this paper, we aim to explain regional patterns of military base closures in the Czech Republic, a country that has experienced a sharp decline in military employment and expenditures since the beginning of 1990s. Three groups of predictors of closure were considered: local (size, age, location and hierarchical position of the military base); regional (wages, unemployment, city size, the initial level of militarisation of the district); and national-level predictors (geostrategic priorities and restructuring of the Czech Armed Forces). Our research is informed by the theory of public choice and its application to the decision-making processes concerning military base closures and realignments. We employed a combination of regression models to determine which group of the above-mentioned factors affected the spatial distribution of military bases in the period 1994–2005. While geostrategic factors (such as distance from the border with West Germany) and restructuring of the army (type of a military base) were the most important, regional economic disparities showed no significant correlation with the intensity of military base closures/downsizing. We did not demonstrate that military bases in economically lagging regions had been systematically protected in the Czech Republic.

Palabras clave

  • defense
  • demilitarisation
  • military base closure
  • peace dividend
  • regional disparities
  • Czech Republic
Acceso abierto

The Contribution of Spatial Interaction Modelling to Spatial History: The Case of Central Places and their Hinterlands in the Territory of the Austro-Hungarian Empire

Publicado en línea: 31 Dec 2021
Páginas: 267 - 277

Resumen

Abstract

Research on spatial history can be enriched by using approaches from quantitative geography. We analyse an historical regional system and highlight three basic assumptions, building upon Christaller’s central place theory: cities do not stand alone in space, they interact with their hinterlands, and they are hierarchically organised. We investigate the relative position of central places in space and define their hinterlands using a spatial interaction modelling approach. We present the example of functional regional taxonomy in past environments, which therefore has a higher degree of uncertainty in the results and in their interpretation. We use a variant of Reilly’s model to define the functional regions in Austria-Hungary at the beginning and at the end of the 20th century. We present a possible interpretation of the model results based on the identification of the major factors responsible for developments in the urban and regional systems of Austria-Hungary over 100 years. We conclude that the development of urban and regional systems in the territory of the former Austria-Hungary was not considerably affected by the role of political-economic systems, the administrative organisation of states, nor by the different stages in economic development of its formerly constituent territories.

Palabras clave

  • spatial interaction modelling
  • spatial history
  • central place theory
  • functional regional taxonomy
  • Austria-Hungary
Acceso abierto

Central European Tourist Flows: Intraregional Patterns and Their Implications

Publicado en línea: 31 Dec 2021
Páginas: 278 - 291

Resumen

Abstract

Understanding tourist spatial behaviours is essential for strategic planning and sustainable development. Especially at the city-level, data provide implications for spatial planning and transport governance. Intraregional tourist flows to cities contributed significantly to the total volume of tourists within the Central European region before the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak. Given the challenges that urban tourism is currently facing, intraregional tourist flows could be a strategic opportunity for future growth. As a comprehensive assessment of the tourist flows at this spatial level is lacking, the paper aims to evaluate the structure of these flows and discuss the factors that influence their spatial distribution. Statistical data analysis of tourist flows to selected cities in Central Europe is evaluated by multiple linear regression. The results show that the main factors affecting the distribution of tourist flows are air connection, the attractiveness of the destination, and the size of the source market. Tourist flows within Central Europe are fundamentally affected by Germany. This market can be considered the most important source of demand for inbound tourism. Germany's national ties with Austria and Switzerland generated 47% of all trips examined. In this case, the influences of historical ties and the broader socio-economic context are evident.

Palabras clave

  • mobility
  • urban tourism
  • tourism development
  • intraregional flows
  • spatial analysis
  • Central Europe
Acceso abierto

Barriers Everyone: A New Method for Multiscale Analysis of Barriers Using the Barrier Index

Publicado en línea: 31 Dec 2021
Páginas: 292 - 305

Resumen

Abstract

The Barrier Index is presented in this contribution. The index shows the extent to which spatial units of different sizes are closed off by barriers, influencing society by the different “thickness” and “thinness” of boundaries. The article defines the Index and compares land units with barriers in various details. The calculations were made for spatial units from the scale of parcels to one-hectare areas in selected types of regions, selected geographic regions, and border barriers in selected countries. The Index is useful for crossscale analysis and for identifying the underlying causes and relationships within different cultural, social, and geographical contexts. The example of spatially persistent family structures was used to highlight the underpinning influencing factors that connect the building of barriers at different scales.

Palabras clave

  • Barrier Index
  • border
  • barrier
  • fence
  • urban design
  • human geography
4 Artículos
Acceso abierto

The Geography of Demilitarisation: Do Regional Economic Disparities Affect the Spatial Distribution of Military Base Closures?

Publicado en línea: 31 Dec 2021
Páginas: 252 - 266

Resumen

Abstract

Very few researchers have focused on the question of: if and to what extent, regional economic disparities affect military base closures. In this paper, we aim to explain regional patterns of military base closures in the Czech Republic, a country that has experienced a sharp decline in military employment and expenditures since the beginning of 1990s. Three groups of predictors of closure were considered: local (size, age, location and hierarchical position of the military base); regional (wages, unemployment, city size, the initial level of militarisation of the district); and national-level predictors (geostrategic priorities and restructuring of the Czech Armed Forces). Our research is informed by the theory of public choice and its application to the decision-making processes concerning military base closures and realignments. We employed a combination of regression models to determine which group of the above-mentioned factors affected the spatial distribution of military bases in the period 1994–2005. While geostrategic factors (such as distance from the border with West Germany) and restructuring of the army (type of a military base) were the most important, regional economic disparities showed no significant correlation with the intensity of military base closures/downsizing. We did not demonstrate that military bases in economically lagging regions had been systematically protected in the Czech Republic.

Palabras clave

  • defense
  • demilitarisation
  • military base closure
  • peace dividend
  • regional disparities
  • Czech Republic
Acceso abierto

The Contribution of Spatial Interaction Modelling to Spatial History: The Case of Central Places and their Hinterlands in the Territory of the Austro-Hungarian Empire

Publicado en línea: 31 Dec 2021
Páginas: 267 - 277

Resumen

Abstract

Research on spatial history can be enriched by using approaches from quantitative geography. We analyse an historical regional system and highlight three basic assumptions, building upon Christaller’s central place theory: cities do not stand alone in space, they interact with their hinterlands, and they are hierarchically organised. We investigate the relative position of central places in space and define their hinterlands using a spatial interaction modelling approach. We present the example of functional regional taxonomy in past environments, which therefore has a higher degree of uncertainty in the results and in their interpretation. We use a variant of Reilly’s model to define the functional regions in Austria-Hungary at the beginning and at the end of the 20th century. We present a possible interpretation of the model results based on the identification of the major factors responsible for developments in the urban and regional systems of Austria-Hungary over 100 years. We conclude that the development of urban and regional systems in the territory of the former Austria-Hungary was not considerably affected by the role of political-economic systems, the administrative organisation of states, nor by the different stages in economic development of its formerly constituent territories.

Palabras clave

  • spatial interaction modelling
  • spatial history
  • central place theory
  • functional regional taxonomy
  • Austria-Hungary
Acceso abierto

Central European Tourist Flows: Intraregional Patterns and Their Implications

Publicado en línea: 31 Dec 2021
Páginas: 278 - 291

Resumen

Abstract

Understanding tourist spatial behaviours is essential for strategic planning and sustainable development. Especially at the city-level, data provide implications for spatial planning and transport governance. Intraregional tourist flows to cities contributed significantly to the total volume of tourists within the Central European region before the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak. Given the challenges that urban tourism is currently facing, intraregional tourist flows could be a strategic opportunity for future growth. As a comprehensive assessment of the tourist flows at this spatial level is lacking, the paper aims to evaluate the structure of these flows and discuss the factors that influence their spatial distribution. Statistical data analysis of tourist flows to selected cities in Central Europe is evaluated by multiple linear regression. The results show that the main factors affecting the distribution of tourist flows are air connection, the attractiveness of the destination, and the size of the source market. Tourist flows within Central Europe are fundamentally affected by Germany. This market can be considered the most important source of demand for inbound tourism. Germany's national ties with Austria and Switzerland generated 47% of all trips examined. In this case, the influences of historical ties and the broader socio-economic context are evident.

Palabras clave

  • mobility
  • urban tourism
  • tourism development
  • intraregional flows
  • spatial analysis
  • Central Europe
Acceso abierto

Barriers Everyone: A New Method for Multiscale Analysis of Barriers Using the Barrier Index

Publicado en línea: 31 Dec 2021
Páginas: 292 - 305

Resumen

Abstract

The Barrier Index is presented in this contribution. The index shows the extent to which spatial units of different sizes are closed off by barriers, influencing society by the different “thickness” and “thinness” of boundaries. The article defines the Index and compares land units with barriers in various details. The calculations were made for spatial units from the scale of parcels to one-hectare areas in selected types of regions, selected geographic regions, and border barriers in selected countries. The Index is useful for crossscale analysis and for identifying the underlying causes and relationships within different cultural, social, and geographical contexts. The example of spatially persistent family structures was used to highlight the underpinning influencing factors that connect the building of barriers at different scales.

Palabras clave

  • Barrier Index
  • border
  • barrier
  • fence
  • urban design
  • human geography

Planifique su conferencia remota con Sciendo