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Detalles de la revista
Formato
Revista
eISSN
2719-3454
Publicado por primera vez
30 Mar 2015
Periodo de publicación
4 veces al año
Idiomas
Inglés

Buscar

Volumen 11 (2015): Edición 2 (June 2015)

Detalles de la revista
Formato
Revista
eISSN
2719-3454
Publicado por primera vez
30 Mar 2015
Periodo de publicación
4 veces al año
Idiomas
Inglés

Buscar

5 Artículos
Acceso abierto

Measurement and Analysis of the Efficiency of Human Capital in a Small Enterprise in Poland

Publicado en línea: 08 Feb 2017
Páginas: 1 - 9

Resumen

Abstract

Human capital plays an important role in the development of every company. Big enterprises have a Human Resources Department which conducts analyses and measurements of human capital. In Poland over 90% of the total number of companies is made up of small and middle-size enterprises. The aim of the research is to determine reasons why small Polish companies take an interest in the measurement and analysis of human capital as well as to discover the causes of their limited use of human capital measurement. The results confirmed that limited measurement and analysis of human capital efficiency in small companies results from the lack of additional information; apart from this it results from the binding legal regulations as well as the lack of employees who possess the knowledge necessary for conducting such analyses. Despite barriers and difficulties in human capital measurement, small companies appreciate employees and their qualification, not treating them only as a necessary cost of their doing business.

Palabras clave

  • Human Capital
  • Efficiency
  • Return on Investment
  • Productivity
  • Small Enterprise
Acceso abierto

Is Poland Still Attractive for Foreign Investments?

Publicado en línea: 08 Feb 2017
Páginas: 10 - 17

Resumen

Abstract

Since the economic transition Poland has faced many changes. Accession to the European Union improved the Polish economy and made it more attractive for foreign investments. Since 2004 Poland has been one of the major destinations of FDI in East and Central Europe Countries. Also during the global economic crisis Poland was a good location for foreign capital. The main aim of this article is an attempt to assess whether Poland is still attractive for the location of foreign direct investment. This article is a preliminary study. It is based on statistical analysis describing changes in foreign capital flows in Poland and its position in relation to other European Union countries. Results show that the position of Poland on the map of foreign investment has dramatically changed.

Palabras clave

  • foreign direct investment
  • economic crisis
  • globalization
Acceso abierto

Requirements for Intermediaries and Advisors in the Area of Mortgages Resulting from Mortgage Credit Directive– Implications for Poland

Publicado en línea: 08 Feb 2017
Páginas: 18 - 31

Resumen

Abstract

The dynamic development of the mortgage market, especially in the period before the current financial crisis, revealed that within the EU there are local mortgage credit markets and that it is necessary to harmonize the rules of the system and consumer protection within the Community. The intention of the creators of the Mortgage Credit Directive was to organize the mortgage lending market for residential purposes and make it transparent, as well as increase the safety of the consumer credit market, along the lines of what took place earlier in the consumer credit market regulations (The Consumer Credit Directives no. 2008/48/EC and earlier no. 87/102/EEC). The Mortgage Credit Directive implies for lenders - credit institutions to act at every stage of the lending process with respect to the consumer’s interest and to provide them with adequate services for their needs. Due to the large role of indirect distribution channels of mortgages by banks there are certain requirements for intermediaries, brokers and credit advisors. The implementation term of the Directive, appointed for March 2016, implies action to be taken in order to implement the provisions of this Directive into Polish law. The legislative process is being conducted by the Ministry of Finance and supported by the Group on implementation of the Mortgage Credit Directive operating with the Council of Financial Market Development.

Palabras clave

  • credit intermediaries
  • credit advisors
  • mortgage credit market
  • Mortgage Credit Directive (MCD)
Acceso abierto

Commercialization as a Recommended Approach to Hospital Restructuring Case Study of Łańcut Medical Center

Publicado en línea: 08 Feb 2017
Páginas: 32 - 46

Resumen

Abstract

Our society is on the brink of health care system reorganization and implementation of new medical technology. Hospitals have to be a core component of the medical revolution so they have to be prepared for the upcoming leap in their development. If Poland wants to be a pioneer in providing new medical solutions, the current ineffective system has to be changed. The necessary action should be taken to deal with the financial problems Polish hospitals have faced for over 20 years. The current structure of hospitals - SPZOZ, is old-fashioned and cannot adapt to a turbulent social and economic environment. The hospitals should be commercialized and restructured. Being capitalized companies will give incentives and new tools to deal with financial problems.

The article presents an example of the commercialized hospital in Łańcut. We make the observations that commercialization increases: a hospital’s profitability, its employment productivity, its capital investment spending and leverage. The case proves that the transformation of hospitals to capital companies proposed by the Ministry of Health may be an appropriate approach and it does work once a reasonable management board is in charge. However, the legal structure alteration should be treated as the first step in the overall restructuring process. The article highlights the problem of managers of Polish hospitals who do not only struggle with financial shortages, but barely know which business model they should follow after commercialization to successfully run the restructuring process. Having examined the LMC the authors are crafting a prelude to the overall research on already commercialized hospitals to find an appropriate business model.

Palabras clave

  • health care system
  • hospital restructuring
  • commercialization
  • hospital operational performance
Acceso abierto

Causes of The Outbreak of the Eurozone Crises: The Role of the Usa and the European Central Bank Monetary Policy

Publicado en línea: 08 Feb 2017
Páginas: 47 - 63

Resumen

Abstract

This paper argues that the loose monetary policy of two of the world’s most important financial institutions-the U.S. Federal Reserve Board and the European Central Bank-were ultimately responsible for the outburst of global financial crisis of 2008-09. Unusually low interest rates in 2001- 05 compelled investors to engage in high risk endeavors. It also encouraged some governments to finance excessive domestic consumption with foreign loans. Emerging financial bubbles burst first in mortgage markets in the U.S. and subsequently spread to other countries. The paper also reviews other causes of the crisis as discussed in literature. Some of them relate directly to weaknesses inherent in the institutional design of the European Monetary Union (EMU) while others are unique to members of the EMU. It is rather striking that recommended remedies tend not to take into account the policies of the European Central Bank.

Palabras clave

  • global financial crisis
  • monetary policy
  • monetary union
  • eurozone
  • European Central Bank
  • Stability and Growth Pact
  • euro crisis
  • fiscal union
5 Artículos
Acceso abierto

Measurement and Analysis of the Efficiency of Human Capital in a Small Enterprise in Poland

Publicado en línea: 08 Feb 2017
Páginas: 1 - 9

Resumen

Abstract

Human capital plays an important role in the development of every company. Big enterprises have a Human Resources Department which conducts analyses and measurements of human capital. In Poland over 90% of the total number of companies is made up of small and middle-size enterprises. The aim of the research is to determine reasons why small Polish companies take an interest in the measurement and analysis of human capital as well as to discover the causes of their limited use of human capital measurement. The results confirmed that limited measurement and analysis of human capital efficiency in small companies results from the lack of additional information; apart from this it results from the binding legal regulations as well as the lack of employees who possess the knowledge necessary for conducting such analyses. Despite barriers and difficulties in human capital measurement, small companies appreciate employees and their qualification, not treating them only as a necessary cost of their doing business.

Palabras clave

  • Human Capital
  • Efficiency
  • Return on Investment
  • Productivity
  • Small Enterprise
Acceso abierto

Is Poland Still Attractive for Foreign Investments?

Publicado en línea: 08 Feb 2017
Páginas: 10 - 17

Resumen

Abstract

Since the economic transition Poland has faced many changes. Accession to the European Union improved the Polish economy and made it more attractive for foreign investments. Since 2004 Poland has been one of the major destinations of FDI in East and Central Europe Countries. Also during the global economic crisis Poland was a good location for foreign capital. The main aim of this article is an attempt to assess whether Poland is still attractive for the location of foreign direct investment. This article is a preliminary study. It is based on statistical analysis describing changes in foreign capital flows in Poland and its position in relation to other European Union countries. Results show that the position of Poland on the map of foreign investment has dramatically changed.

Palabras clave

  • foreign direct investment
  • economic crisis
  • globalization
Acceso abierto

Requirements for Intermediaries and Advisors in the Area of Mortgages Resulting from Mortgage Credit Directive– Implications for Poland

Publicado en línea: 08 Feb 2017
Páginas: 18 - 31

Resumen

Abstract

The dynamic development of the mortgage market, especially in the period before the current financial crisis, revealed that within the EU there are local mortgage credit markets and that it is necessary to harmonize the rules of the system and consumer protection within the Community. The intention of the creators of the Mortgage Credit Directive was to organize the mortgage lending market for residential purposes and make it transparent, as well as increase the safety of the consumer credit market, along the lines of what took place earlier in the consumer credit market regulations (The Consumer Credit Directives no. 2008/48/EC and earlier no. 87/102/EEC). The Mortgage Credit Directive implies for lenders - credit institutions to act at every stage of the lending process with respect to the consumer’s interest and to provide them with adequate services for their needs. Due to the large role of indirect distribution channels of mortgages by banks there are certain requirements for intermediaries, brokers and credit advisors. The implementation term of the Directive, appointed for March 2016, implies action to be taken in order to implement the provisions of this Directive into Polish law. The legislative process is being conducted by the Ministry of Finance and supported by the Group on implementation of the Mortgage Credit Directive operating with the Council of Financial Market Development.

Palabras clave

  • credit intermediaries
  • credit advisors
  • mortgage credit market
  • Mortgage Credit Directive (MCD)
Acceso abierto

Commercialization as a Recommended Approach to Hospital Restructuring Case Study of Łańcut Medical Center

Publicado en línea: 08 Feb 2017
Páginas: 32 - 46

Resumen

Abstract

Our society is on the brink of health care system reorganization and implementation of new medical technology. Hospitals have to be a core component of the medical revolution so they have to be prepared for the upcoming leap in their development. If Poland wants to be a pioneer in providing new medical solutions, the current ineffective system has to be changed. The necessary action should be taken to deal with the financial problems Polish hospitals have faced for over 20 years. The current structure of hospitals - SPZOZ, is old-fashioned and cannot adapt to a turbulent social and economic environment. The hospitals should be commercialized and restructured. Being capitalized companies will give incentives and new tools to deal with financial problems.

The article presents an example of the commercialized hospital in Łańcut. We make the observations that commercialization increases: a hospital’s profitability, its employment productivity, its capital investment spending and leverage. The case proves that the transformation of hospitals to capital companies proposed by the Ministry of Health may be an appropriate approach and it does work once a reasonable management board is in charge. However, the legal structure alteration should be treated as the first step in the overall restructuring process. The article highlights the problem of managers of Polish hospitals who do not only struggle with financial shortages, but barely know which business model they should follow after commercialization to successfully run the restructuring process. Having examined the LMC the authors are crafting a prelude to the overall research on already commercialized hospitals to find an appropriate business model.

Palabras clave

  • health care system
  • hospital restructuring
  • commercialization
  • hospital operational performance
Acceso abierto

Causes of The Outbreak of the Eurozone Crises: The Role of the Usa and the European Central Bank Monetary Policy

Publicado en línea: 08 Feb 2017
Páginas: 47 - 63

Resumen

Abstract

This paper argues that the loose monetary policy of two of the world’s most important financial institutions-the U.S. Federal Reserve Board and the European Central Bank-were ultimately responsible for the outburst of global financial crisis of 2008-09. Unusually low interest rates in 2001- 05 compelled investors to engage in high risk endeavors. It also encouraged some governments to finance excessive domestic consumption with foreign loans. Emerging financial bubbles burst first in mortgage markets in the U.S. and subsequently spread to other countries. The paper also reviews other causes of the crisis as discussed in literature. Some of them relate directly to weaknesses inherent in the institutional design of the European Monetary Union (EMU) while others are unique to members of the EMU. It is rather striking that recommended remedies tend not to take into account the policies of the European Central Bank.

Palabras clave

  • global financial crisis
  • monetary policy
  • monetary union
  • eurozone
  • European Central Bank
  • Stability and Growth Pact
  • euro crisis
  • fiscal union

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