1. bookVolumen 22 (2022): Edición 1 (June 2022)
Detalles de la revista
License
Formato
Revista
eISSN
1804-1663
Primera edición
19 Feb 2010
Calendario de la edición
4 veces al año
Idiomas
Inglés
access type Acceso abierto

Wage Polarization in the Context of the Czech Republic

Publicado en línea: 23 Jun 2022
Volumen & Edición: Volumen 22 (2022) - Edición 1 (June 2022)
Páginas: 97 - 115
Recibido: 21 Apr 2021
Aceptado: 04 Mar 2022
Detalles de la revista
License
Formato
Revista
eISSN
1804-1663
Primera edición
19 Feb 2010
Calendario de la edición
4 veces al año
Idiomas
Inglés
Abstract

Existing studies have provided evidence of job polarization in many developed countries. The issue of wage polarization is less obvious: many articles do not address it at all, and some even confuse it with job polarization. At the same time, the significance of the phenomenon of polarization results precisely from the consequence of wage polarization: the increase in wage inequality. The aim of this article is to find out whether wage polarization occurred in the Czech Republic during the period 2004–2018. Wage development in the private sphere does not imply wage polarization, but in the public sphere, results imply a very slight wage polarization mainly due to the development between 2004 and 2010. This phenomenon has occurred in both male and female occupations. Panel regression analysis shows that globalization reduces upper-tail inequality (the ratio Q90/Q50) while increasing lower-tail inequality (the ratio Q50/Q10). At the level of the whole economy, technology seems to contribute to reducing both upper-tail and lower-tail inequality. These results probably correspond to the nature of the Czech economy, which is based on middle-skilled workers with a pro-export focus.

Keywords

JEL Classification

ACEMOGLU, D., AUTOR, D. H. (2011). Skills, tasks and technologies: Implications for employment and earnings. In Handbook of labor economics (Vol. 4, pp. 1043-1171). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-7218(11)02410-5 Search in Google Scholar

AFXENTIOU, D., KUTASOVIC, P. R. (2011). Empirical evidence on wage polarization: A panel analysis. The Journal of Business and Economic Studies, 17(1), 48. Available at: https://search.proquest.com/docview/865656365?accountid=28016 Search in Google Scholar

AMOROSO, S., MONCADA-PATERNO-CASTELLO, P. (2018). Inward greenfield FDI and patterns of job polarization. Sustainability, 10(4), 1219. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10041219 Search in Google Scholar

ANTONCZYK, D., DELEIRE, T., FITZENGERGER, B. (2018). Polarization and rising wage inequality: Comparing the US and Germany. Econometrics, 6(2), 20. https://doi.org/10.3390/econometrics6020020 Search in Google Scholar

AUTOR, D. H., DORN, D. (2013). The growth of low-skill service jobs and the polarization of the US labor market. American Economic Review, 103(5), 1553-97. https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.103.5.1553 Search in Google Scholar

AUTOR, D. H., KATZ, L. F., KEARNEY, M. S. (2006). The polarization of the US labor market. The American economic review, 96(2), 189-194. Available at: https://www.jstor.org/stable/30034640 Search in Google Scholar

AUTOR, D. H., KATZ, L. F., KEARNEY, M. S. (2008). Trends in US wage inequality: Revising the revisionists. The Review of economics and statistics, 90(2), 300-323. https://doi.org/10.1162/rest.90.2.300 Search in Google Scholar

AUTOR, D. H., LEVY, F., MURNANE, R. J. (2003). The skill content of recent technological change: An empirical exploration. The Quarterly journal of economics, 118(4), 1279-1333. https://doi.org/10.1162/003355303322552801 Search in Google Scholar

AVERAGE EARNINGS INFORMATION SYSTEM. (2019). ISPV results - Archive. Available at: https://www.ispv.cz/en/ispv-results/archive.aspx Search in Google Scholar

BALCAR, J., GOTTVALD, J. (2016). Wage determinants and economic crisis 2008-2014: Evidence from the Czech Republic. Ekonomický časopis, 64(1), 3-21. ISSN 0013-3035. Search in Google Scholar

BALTAGI, B. (2008). Econometric analysis of panel data. John Wiley & Sons. Search in Google Scholar

CENTENO, M., NOVO, Á. A. (2014). When supply meets demand: Wage inequality in Portugal. IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, 3(1), 23. https://doi.org/10.1186/2193-9012-3-23 Search in Google Scholar

CHARNOZ, O., COUDIN, E., GAINI, M. (2011). Wage inequalities in France 1976-2004: a quantile regression analysis. Available at: http://www.epsilon.insee.fr/jspui/bit-stream/1/5813/1/g2011-06.pdf Search in Google Scholar

CORTES, G. M. (2016). Where have the middle-wage workers gone? A study of polarization using panel data. Journal of Labor Economics, 34(1), 63-105. https://doi.org/10.1086/682289 Search in Google Scholar

COZZI, G., IMPULLITTI, G. (2016). Globalization and wage polarization. Review of Economics and Statistics, 98(5), 984-1000. https://doi.org/10.1162/REST_a_00551 Search in Google Scholar

CZECH STATISTICAL OFFICE. (2020). Regionální data ve Veřejné databázi. Available at: https://www.czso.cz/csu/czso/regionalni-data-ve-verejne-databazi Search in Google Scholar

DUSTMANN, C., LUDSTECK, J., SCHÖNBERG, U. (2009). Revisiting the German wage structure. The Quarterly journal of economics, 124(2), 843-881. https://doi.org/10.1162/qjec.2009.124.2.843 Search in Google Scholar

EUROFOUND AND EUROPEAN COMMISION JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE. (2019). European Jobs Monitor 2019: Shifts in the employment structure at regional level, European Jobs Monitor series, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. Search in Google Scholar

FERNÁNDEZ-MACÍAS, E. (2012). Job polarization in Europe? Changes in the employment structure and job quality, 1995-2007. Work and Occupations, 39(2), 157-182. https://doi.org/10.1177/0730888411427078 Search in Google Scholar

FIRPO, S., FORTIN, N. M., LEMIEUX, T. (2011). Occupational tasks and changes in the wage structure. IZA Discussion Papers 5542. Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). https://ssrn.com/abstract=177888610.2139/ssrn.1778886 Search in Google Scholar

FODOR, É., GLASS, C. (2018). Labor market context, economic development, and family policy arrangements: Explaining the gender gap in employment in Central and Eastern Europe. Social Forces, 96(3), 1275-1302. https://doi.org/10.1093/sf/sox080 Search in Google Scholar

GOOS, M., MANNING, A. (2007). Lousy and lovely jobs: The rising polarization of work in Britain. The review of economics and statistics, 89(1), 118-133. https://doi.org/10.1162/rest.89.1.118 Search in Google Scholar

GOOS, M., MANNING, A., SALOMONS, A. (2014). Explaining job polarization: Routine-biased technological change and offshoring. American economic review, 104(8), 2509-26. https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.104.8.2509 Search in Google Scholar

HUNT, J., NUNN, R. (2019). Is Employment Polarization Informative About Wage Inequality and Is Employment Really Polarizing? (No. w26064). National Bureau of Economic Research. https://doi.org/10.3386/w26064 Search in Google Scholar

LACUESTA, A., IZQUIERDO, M. (2012). The contribution of changes in employment composition and relative returns to the evolution of wage inequality: the case of Spain. Journal of Population Economics, 25(2), 511-543. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00148-011-0371-y Search in Google Scholar

MACHIN, S. (2011). Changes in UK wage inequality over the last forty years in Gregg, P., Wadsworth, J., ed., The Labour Market in Winter-The State of Working Britain. Oxford University Press, pp. 155–169.10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199587377.003.0012 Search in Google Scholar

MARTINÁK, D. (2020). Vplyv technologického pokroku na štruktúru zamestnanosti v krajinách V4. Politická ekonomie, 68(1), 42-61. https://doi.org/10.18267/j.polek.1265 Search in Google Scholar

MAZZOLARI, F., RAGUSA, G. (2013). Spillovers from high-skill consumption to low-skill labor markets. Review of Economics and Statistics, 95(1), 74-86. https://doi.org/10.1162/REST_a_00234 Search in Google Scholar

NÁPLAVA, R. (2019). Changing structure of Employment in Europe: Polarization Issue. Review of Economic Perspectives, 19(4), 307-318. https://doi.org/10.2478/revecp-2019-0016 Search in Google Scholar

NATICCHIONI, P., RICCI, A., RUSTICHELLI, E. (2008). Wage inequality, employment structure and skill-biased change in Italy. Labour, 22, 27-51. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9914.2008.00416.x Search in Google Scholar

NATICCHIONI, P., RAGUSY, G., MASSARI, R. (2014). Unconditional and conditional wage polarization in Europe. Available at: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=250232510.2139/ssrn.2502325 Search in Google Scholar

NCHOR, D., ROZMAHEL, P. (2020). Job Polarization in Europe: Evidence from Central and Eastern European Countries. DANUBE: Law, Economics and Social Issues Review, 11(1), 52-74. https://doi.org/10.2478/danb-2020-0004 Search in Google Scholar

OECD. (2021). Trade in goods and services (indicator). https://doi.org/10.1787/0fe445d9-en (Accessed on 19 April 2021) Search in Google Scholar

PASCALL, G., KWAK, A. (2010). Gender regimes in transition: gender equality in CEE countries. Welfare states and gender inequality in Central and Eastern Europe, Brussels: Etui, 117-50. Search in Google Scholar

SCHÄFER, A., GOTTSCHALL, K. (2015). From wage regulation to wage gap: how wage-setting institutions and structures shape the gender wage gap across three industries in 24 European countries and Germany. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 39(2), 467-496. https://doi.org/10.1093/cje/bev005 Search in Google Scholar

vom LEHN, C. (2019). Labor market polarization, the decline of routine work, and technological change: A quantitative analysis. Journal of Monetary Economics, 110, 62-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmoneco.2019.01.004 Search in Google Scholar

WANG, W. C. (2009). Information economy and inequality: Wage polarization, unemployment, and occupation transition in Taiwan since 1980. Journal of Asian Economics, 20(2), 120-136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asieco.2008.10.004 Search in Google Scholar

WORLDBANK. (2020). Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %) - Czech Republic. Available at: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.DEFL.KD.ZG?locations=CZ&display=graph Search in Google Scholar

Artículos recomendados de Trend MD

Planifique su conferencia remota con Sciendo