Introduction: World statistics confirmed that about 40-50% of men and 50-55% of women suffer from chronic venous disease. Currently, the Duplex ultrasound is the leading diagnostic method for chronic venous disease (CVD), but it has some limitations. Therefore, it is important to find a new diagnostic technique that will provide additional parameters, describing not only structural but also early metabolic and functional changes.

Materials and Methods: This study aimed to demonstrate the usefulness of the thermal imaging technique in the diagnosis of chronic venous disease. Results were obtained for two groups: 61 patients suffering from the primary chronic venous disease (CVD group) and 30 healthy people (control group). The obtained results compared the thermal imaging parameters to data obtained from the ultrasound examination. Parameters such as the reflux duration and extent of the CEAP classification were correlated with the mean temperature of the limb, the mean temperature of the lesion (determined using two methods), and the thermal range. Based on data obtained during the study, correlation coefficients were calculated for individual parameters.

Results: The results obtained show that the mean limb temperature, and especially the mean temperature of a proposed isothermal area, is significantly correlated with the range of reflux. The conducted tests showed the correlation between some thermal and ultrasonic parameters determined by Spearman's coefficient is 0.4 (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: Thus, parameters such as the isothermal area and the thermal range may be used as a preliminary quantitative diagnosis, similarly to those derived from the Duplex ultrasound.

Calendario de la edición:
4 veces al año
Temas de la revista:
Medicine, Biomedical Engineering, Physics, Technical and Applied Physics, Medical Physics