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An Experimental and Numerical Analysis of Puff Hydrodynamics


The permeability of a tobacco rod in a cigarette increases as it converts into char and ash in the coal. The hot coal introduces a significant resistance to the air flow when air passes through. Through a series of experiments, the cigarette burn line and burn rate, the centerline temperature, and the pressure drop were measured for continuous puffing conditions. The gas viscosity was calculated from the temperature distribution inside the cigarette and applying Sutherland's law. Then, the experimental setup was mathematically modeled from a commercially available CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) code and, by matching the numerical and experimental results, the changes in coal and filter permeability during puffing were estimated. The numerical simulation successfully reproduced the results of experiments on the air flow through the coal, ventilation holes and paper wrapper.

Calendario de la edición:
4 veces al año
Temas de la revista:
General Interest, Life Sciences, other, Physics