1. bookVolumen 10 (2017): Edición 1 (June 2017)
Detalles de la revista
Primera edición
03 Aug 2009
Calendario de la edición
2 veces al año
access type Acceso abierto

Economies of Scale on the Municipal Level: Fact or Fiction in the Czech Republic?

Publicado en línea: 08 Jul 2017
Volumen & Edición: Volumen 10 (2017) - Edición 1 (June 2017)
Páginas: 39 - 59
Detalles de la revista
Primera edición
03 Aug 2009
Calendario de la edición
2 veces al año

Many countries have carried out extensive amalgamation-related territorial reforms at the level of local self-government and created relatively large municipalities. The Czech Republic is one of the few remaining European countries with a fragmented territorial structure. There is a lot of discussion in the country about the need for amalgamation, but this discussion is mainly based on political arguments rather than on empirical evidence about the feasibility of amalgamation and its potential to improve local government performance. This paper analyses economies of scale on the local level as a factor that should be reflected in debates about the pros and cons of amalgamation in the Czech Republic. To add to the existing knowledge about the reality of economies of scale on the municipal level in the Czech Republic, we processed the municipal costs of three selected areas on a representative sample of municipalities in the South Moravian Region. The analysis showed that economies of scale can be identified for collecting local fees and for pre-school and elementary education, but not for local administration. Our results suggest that the existence of too small municipalities in the Czech Republic results in inefficiencies and should be addressed.


Allan, Percy. 2003. “Why Smaller Councils Make Sense.” Australian Journal of Public Administration 62, 74–81.Search in Google Scholar

Alt, James E. 1971. “Some Social and Political Correlates of County Borough Expenditures.” British Journal of Political Science 1, 49–62.Search in Google Scholar

Appelbaum, Richard P. and Ross Follett. 1978. “Size, Growth, and Urban Life A Study of Medium-Sized American Cities.” Urban Affairs Review 14, 139–168.Search in Google Scholar

Baldersheim, Harald and Lawrence Rose. 2008. A Comparative Analysis of Territorial Choice in Europe. Oslo: Political Institute.Search in Google Scholar

Blom-Hansen, Jens. 2004. “Stordriftsfordele i den kommunale serviceproduktion? Skoleområdet som eksempel.” In Jens Blom-Hansen, Asbjørn Sonne Norgaard and Thomas Pallesen (eds). Politisk Ukorrekt. Århus Universitetsforlag, 250–274.Search in Google Scholar

Bours, Adriann. 1993. “Management, Tiers, Size and Amalgamations of Local Government.” In Robert Bennett (ed.). Local Government in the New Europe. London: Belhaven, 130–163.Search in Google Scholar

Bovaird, Tony and Elke Löffler. 2003. “Evaluating the Quality of Public Governance: Indicators, Models and Methodologies.” International Review of Administrative Sciences 69, 313–328.Search in Google Scholar

Boyne, A. George. 1995. “Population Size and Economies of Scale in Local Government.” Policy and Politics 23, 213–222.Search in Google Scholar

Byrnes, Joel and Bryan Dollery. 2002. “Do Economies of Scale Exist in Australian Local Government? A Review of the Research Evidence.” Urban Policy and Research 20, 391–414.Search in Google Scholar

Coase, H. Ronald. 1937. “The Nature of the Firm.” Economica 4, 386–405.Search in Google Scholar

Czech Statistical Office. 2016. Malý lexikon obcí ČR 2015. Available at https://www.czso.cz/csu/czso/maly-lexikon-obci-ceske-republiky-2015 (last accessed 20 June 2016).Search in Google Scholar

Dahl, R. Allan and Edward R. Tufte. 1973. Size and Democracy. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Davies, Bleddyn. 1971. Variations in Services for the Aged: A Causal Analysis (No. 40). London: G. Bell and Sons.Search in Google Scholar

Denters, Bas. 2002. “Size and Political Trust: Evidence from Denmark, the Netherlands, Norway, and the United Kingdom.” Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 20, 793–812.Search in Google Scholar

Dollery, Bryan, Joel Byrnes and Lin Crase. 2008. “Australian Local Government Amalgamation: A Conceptual of Analysis Population Size and Scale Economies in Municipal Service Provision.” Australasian Journal of Regional Studies 14, 167.Search in Google Scholar

Dollery, Bryan, and Euan Fleming. 2006. “A Conceptual Note on Scale Economies, Size Economies and Scope Economies in Australian Local Government.” Urban Policy and Research 24, 271–282.Search in Google Scholar

Drew, Joseph, Andy Kortt and Bryan Dollery. 2012. “Economies of Scale and Local Government Expenditure: Evidence from Australia.” Administration & Society 20, 1–22.Search in Google Scholar

Faulk, Dagney Gail and Joel Hicks. 2011. Local Government Consolidation in the United States. New York: Cambria Press.Search in Google Scholar

Foster, D. Christopher, Richard Jackman and Morris Perlman. 1980. Local Government Finance in a Unitary State. London: George Allen and Unwin.Search in Google Scholar

Fox, William F. and Tami Gurley-Calvez. 2006. “Will Consolidation Improve Sub-National Governments?” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3913.10.1596/1813-9450-3913Search in Google Scholar

Galvasová, Iveta et al. 2007. Identifikace kompetencí zatěžujících výkon veřejné správy se zvláštním přihlédnutím k malým obcím. Available at http://www.mvcr.cz/clanek/identifikace-kompetenci-zatezujicich-vykon-verejne-spravy-se-zvlastnim-prihlednutim-k-malym-obcim-1-etapa.aspx (ast accessed 15 August 2016).Search in Google Scholar

Goldsmith, M. and Lawrence E. Rose. 2000. “Constituency, Size and Electoral Politics: A Comparison of Patterns at Local Elections in Norway and the UK.” Paper presented at the IPSA 18th World Congress, Quebec, Canada.Search in Google Scholar

Hampl, Martin and Jan Müller. 1998. “Jsou obce v České republice příliš malé.” Geografie – Sborník ČGS 103, 1–12.Search in Google Scholar

Hansen, Sune Welling, Kurt Houlberg and Lene Holm Pedersen. 2014. “Do Municipal Mergers Improve Fiscal Outcomes?” Scandinavian Political Studies 37, 196–214.Search in Google Scholar

Hertzog, Robert. 2010. “Inter-municipal co-operation: a viable alternative to territorial amalgamation?” In Pawel Swianiewicz (ed.). Territorial Consolidation Reforms in Europe. Budapest: Local Government and Public Service Reform Initiative, 289–312.Search in Google Scholar

Hirsch, Z. Werner. 1959. “Expenditure Implications of Metropolitan Growth and Consolidation.” The Review of Economics and Statistics 1959, 232–241.Search in Google Scholar

Holcombe, G. Randall and DeEdgra W. Williams. 2009. “Are there Economies of Scale in Municipal Government Expenditures?” Public Finance and Management 9, 416.Search in Google Scholar

Houlberg, Kurt. 1995. “Kommunale stordriftsfordele: Myte eller realitet?” Nordisk administrativt tidsskrift 76, 65–88.Search in Google Scholar

Houlberg, Kurt. 2010. “Municipal Size, Economy, and Democracy.” In Pawel Swianiewicz (ed.). Territorial Consolidation Reforms in Europe. Budapest: Local Government and Public Service Reform Initiative, 309–331.Search in Google Scholar

Houlberg, Kurt and I. L. Møller. 2001. “Kommunestørrelse og udgift sniveau: Er der en sammenhæng?” In R. Norstrand and N. Groes (eds). Kommunestyrets fremtid. København: Akf Forlaget, 185–198.Search in Google Scholar

Hutcheson, John D. and James E. Prather. 1979. “Economy of Scale or Bureaucratic Entropy? Implications for Metropolitan Governmental Reorganization.” Urban Affairs Review 15, 164–182.Search in Google Scholar

Keating, Michael. 1995. “Size, Efficiency and Democracy: Consolidation, Fragmentation and Public Choice.” In D. Judge, G. Stoker. and H. Wollman (eds). Theories of Urban Politics. London: Sage, 117–134.Search in Google Scholar

King, N. David. 1984. Fiscal Tiers: The Economics of Multi-Level Government. London: Allen & Unwin.Search in Google Scholar

Kushner, Joseph and David Siegel. 2003. “Citizens’ Attitudes toward Municipal Amalgamation in Three Ontario Municipalities.” Canadian Journal of Regional Science 26, 49–60.Search in Google Scholar

Löffler, Elke. 2002. “Defining and Measuring Quality in Public Administration.” In Joanne Caddy and Mirko Vintar (ed.). Building Better Quality Administration for the Public: Case Studies from Central and Eastern Europe. Bratislava: Nispacee 15–34.Search in Google Scholar

Montén, Anna and Christian Thater. 2011. “Determinants of Efficiency in Child-Care Provision.” FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis 67, 378–403.Search in Google Scholar

Mouritzen, Poul Erik. 1989. “City Size and Citizens’ Satisfaction: Two Competing Theories Revisited.” European Journal of Political Research 17, 661–688.Search in Google Scholar

Mouritzen, Poul Erik. 1991. Den politiske cyklus. Aarhus: Politica.Search in Google Scholar

Musgrave, Richard Abel and Peggy B. Musgrave. 1989. Public Finance in Theory and Practice. New York: McGraw/Hill, Inc.Search in Google Scholar

Newton, Kenneth. 1982. “Is Small Really so Beautiful? Is Big Really so Ugly? Size, Effectiveness, and Democracy in Local Government.” Political Studies 30, 190–206.Search in Google Scholar

Nielsen, Hans Jorgen. 1981. “Size and Evaluation of Government: Danish Attitudes towards Politics at Multiple Levels of Government.” European Journal of Political Research 9, 47–60.Search in Google Scholar

Oates, Wallace E. 1972. Fiscal Federalism. Chicago: Books.Search in Google Scholar

Oates, Wallace E. 1999. “An Essay on Fiscal Federalism.” Journal of Economic Literature 37, 1120–1149.Search in Google Scholar

OECD. 2004. OECD territorial reviews: The Czech Republic 2004. Available at http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/urban-rural-and-regional-development/oecd-territorial-reviews-czech-republic-2004_9789264106413-en (last accessed 27 June 2016).Search in Google Scholar

Pudil, Pavel et al. 2004. Zdanění a efektivnost. Praha: Eurolex Bohemia.Search in Google Scholar

Rose, Lawrence E. 2002. “Municipal Size and Local Nonelectoral Participation: Findings from Denmark, the Netherlands, and Norway.” Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 20, 829–851.Search in Google Scholar

Sawyer, M. C. 1991. The Economics of Industries and Firms: Theories, Evidence and Policy. London: Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

Schofield, John A. 1978. “Determinants of Urban Service Expenditures: Fire and Social Services.” Local Government Studies 4, 65–80.Search in Google Scholar

Sharpe, J. 1995. “Local Government: Size, Efficiency and Citizen Participation.” In Michael Martins (ed.). The Size of Municipalities, Efficiency and Citizen Participation. Strasbourg: Local and Regional Authorities in Europe, Council of Europe, 56.Search in Google Scholar

Stigler, George J. 1958. “Economies of Scale.” The Journal of Political Economy 1958, 54.Search in Google Scholar

Soukopová, Jana. 2016. Efektivnost výdajů obcí na nakládání s odpady. Habilitation thesis, Masaryk University, Brno.Search in Google Scholar

Soukopová, Jana et al. 2014. “Municipality Size and Local Public Services: Do Economies of Scale Exist?” NISPAcee Journal of Public Administration and Policy 7, 151–171.Search in Google Scholar

Soukopová, Jana et al. 2016. “Factors Influencing the Efficiency and Effectiveness of Municipal Waste Management Expenditure.” Lex Localis 14, 359.Search in Google Scholar

Swianiewicz, Pawel. 2002. “Size of Local Government, Local Democracy and Efficiency in Delivery of Local Services: International Context and Theoretical Framework.” In Pawel Swianiewicz (ed.). Consolidation or Fragmentation: The Size of Local Governments in Central and Eastern Europe. Budapest: Local Government and Public Service Reform Initiative, 1–29.Search in Google Scholar

Swianiewicz, Pawel. 2010. “If Territorial Fragmentation is a Problem, is Amalgamation a Solution? An East European Perspective.” Local Government Studies 36, 183–203.Search in Google Scholar

Swianiewicz, Pawel. 2014. “An Empirical Typology of Local Government Systems in Eastern Europe.” Local Government Studies 40, 292–311.Search in Google Scholar

Tiebout, Charles M. 1956. “A Pure Theory of Local Expenditures.” The Journal of Political Economy 64, 416–424.Search in Google Scholar

Artículos recomendados de Trend MD

Planifique su conferencia remota con Sciendo