1. bookVolume 21 (2013): Issue 2 (June 2013)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2284-5623
ISSN
2284-5623
First Published
08 Aug 2013
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Reciprocal antagonism between inflammation and the protein C system

Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2284-5623
ISSN
2284-5623
First Published
08 Aug 2013
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Protein C is a vitamin K-dependent serine protease secreted by the hepatocytes as an inactive zymogen and activated by thrombin bound to endothelial thrombomodulin. An endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR) is involved in both activation and enhancement of protein C activity, resulting in proteolytic degradation of clotting factors Va and VIIIa, thereby providing an efficient anticoagulant mechanism. Evidence was also provided that proinflammatory cytokines would impair the endothelia-mediated activation and activity of the Protein C system by inducing an internalization and proteolytic degradation of thrombomodulin and by shedding EPCR from the surface of endothelial cells membrane. Clinical and experimental studies also emphasized that an inflammatory acute phase reaction is accompanied by a commuted hepatic protein synthesis leading to an increase of plasma fibrinogen, factor VIII:C and of α1 protease inhibitor, while the plasma level of protein C zymogen decrease. On the other hand infusions of activated protein C were reported to protect from a toxico-septic shock by exerting not only anticoagulant but also anti-inflammatory effects.

Keywords

Cuvinte cheie

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