Zeitschriften und Ausgaben

Volumen 16 (2022): Heft 1 (June 2022)

Volumen 15 (2021): Heft 2 (December 2021)

Volumen 15 (2021): Heft 1 (June 2021)

Volumen 14 (2020): Heft 2 (December 2020)

Volumen 14 (2020): Heft 1 (June 2020)

Volumen 13 (2019): Heft 2 (December 2019)

Volumen 13 (2019): Heft 1 (June 2019)

Volumen 12 (2018): Heft 2 (December 2018)

Volumen 12 (2018): Heft 1 (June 2018)

Volumen 11 (2017): Heft 2 (December 2017)

Volumen 11 (2017): Heft 1 (June 2017)

Volumen 10 (2016): Heft 2 (December 2016)

Volumen 10 (2016): Heft 1 (June 2016)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
2228-0987
Erstveröffentlichung
16 Apr 2016
Erscheinungsweise
2 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

Volumen 15 (2021): Heft 1 (June 2021)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
2228-0987
Erstveröffentlichung
16 Apr 2016
Erscheinungsweise
2 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

12 Artikel

Editorial

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Editorial Impressions: Ethnography and Metaphors

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: i - vi

Zusammenfassung

Articles

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Deaf Heritage Collective: Collaboration with Critical Intent

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: 1 - 26

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The paper reflects upon the Deaf Heritage Collective, a collaborative project led by Edinburgh Napier University’s Design for Heritage team and Heriot Watt’s Centre for Translation And Interpreting Studies. The project aimed to advance discussion around the British Sign Language Act (Scottish Government 2015) and bring into being a network of Deaf communities and cultural heritage organisations committed to promoting BSL in public life. The aim of this paper is to contextualise the project and its creative approach within the distinctly Scottish context, and the ideals of critical heritage, critical design and the museum activist movement. This paper presents the context and creative processes by which we engaged participants in debate and the struggles we encountered. We describe these processes and the primacy of collaborative making as a mode of inquiry. We argue that by curating a workshop space where different types of knowledge were valorised and where participants were encouraged to “think with” materials (Rockwell and Mactavish 2004) we were able to challenge the balance of power between heritage professionals and members of the Deaf community. By harnessing the explanatory power of collaborative making we debated the assemblages of epistemic inequality, and the imagined futures of Deaf heritage in Scotland.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Deaf heritage
  • BSL (Scotland) Act 2015
  • critical heritage
  • critical design
  • participatory research
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Sealed Grave and Burial Rituals in the Context of Revenants in Ukrainian Belief

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: 27 - 49

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The article* sets the goal of describing the Ukrainian ritual of the sealed grave and its relation to revenants, or the unquiet dead, based both on the author’s fieldwork and ethnographic collections of the turn of the 20th century. The meaning of the ritual and its variants are delineated through folk beliefs and institutionalised Orthodoxy and are defined as one of the main reasons for becoming revenants. Depending on a proper or failed funeral, the dead have different possibilities and time boundaries to visit the living. Together with biological reasons, the ritual of sealing a grave allows a seven-year period of return prior to the grave being finally sealed.

Schlüsselwörter

  • revenants
  • unquiet dead
  • belief narratives
  • burial ritual
  • Uk rainianbeliefs
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Of Barrenness and Witchcraft: The Songs of the Legi Women’s Association

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: 50 - 64

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Witchcraft and barrenness are two critical issues that African women have had to grapple with since precolonial times. Therefore, the focus of attention in this paper is the songs of the Legi voluntary association among the Ịjọ of Nigeria’s oil-rich Niger Delta region. The Legi women’s group is made up of adult women who are barren and/or have been tagged witches by their community. The women of the association compose songs about their experiences in society and sing them at burials. For the women of the Legi Association, art is a means of showing support for or solidarity with a member of the group whose father or mother has died. Moreover, the members of the association perform their songs at burials that are unconnected with them to celebrate with those who invite them.

Schlüsselwörter

  • barrenness
  • witchcraft
  • Legi Association
  • Ịjọland
  • suffering
  • voluntary associations
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Death by Poisoning: Cautionary Narratives and Inter-Ethnic Accusations in Contemporary Sikkim

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: 65 - 84

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The Sikkimese are a multi-ethnic community in a Himalayan sub-region in India. Even though the majority of the population is Hindu and Nepalese, the minority Buddhist and Bhutia/Lepcha communities are very strong. Death by poisoning is a common occurrence among the Sikkimese, and it is often ambiguous and subject to suspicion. Narrated initially as traditional cautionary tales, these belief narratives have been used against the multi-ethnic communities that reside in Sikkim, leading to real-world accusations. The article explores how belief in, and narratives related to, poison, poisoning, poison keepers and the poison deity are used to justify the demonisation and othering of a community.

Schlüsselwörter

  • death by poisoning
  • ethnicity
  • belief narratives
  • demonization
  • Buddhism
  • accusations
  • Sikkim
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Marginalisation, Revolt and Adaptation: on Changing the Mayamara Tradition

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: 85 - 102

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Assam is a land of complex history and folklore situated in North East India where religious beliefs, both institutional and vernacular, are part and parcel of lived folk cultures. Amid the domination and growth of Goddess worshiping cults (sakta) in Assam, the sattra unit of religious and socio-cultural institutions came into being as a result of the neo-Vaishnava movement led by Sankaradeva (1449–1568) and his chief disciple Madhavadeva (1489–1596). Kalasamhati is one among the four basic religious sects of the sattras, spread mainly among the subdued communities in Assam. Mayamara could be considered a subsect under Kalasamhati. Aniruddhadeva (1553–1626) preached the Mayamara doctrine among his devotees on the north bank of the Brahmaputra river. Later his inclusive religious behaviour and magical skill influenced many locals to convert to the Mayamara faith. Ritualistic features are a very significant part of Mayamara devotee’s lives. Among the locals there are some narrative variations and disputes about stories and terminologies of the tradition. Adaptations of religious elements in their faith from Indigenous sources have led to the question of their recognition in the mainstream neo-Vaishnava order. In the context of Mayamara tradition, the connection between folklore and history is very much intertwined. Therefore, this paper focuses on marginalisation, revolt in the community and narrative interpretation on the basis of folkloristic and historical groundings. The discussion will reflect upon the beliefs, ritualistic aspects, and myths of the tradition. Fieldwork materials will be employed to discuss the tension between local practices and mainstream neo-Vaishnava influence.

Schlüsselwörter

  • change
  • Mayamara
  • marginalisation
  • narrative
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Kox Kwai Kauv Kox Kwai “:1 Ecopoetic Symbolisation in Pgaz K’nyau Oral Poetry

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: 103 - 139

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This article* presents the transcription, translation, and annotation of an original performance of hta, a traditional form of oral poetry in Sgaw, the language of the Pgaz K’Nyau (Karen) people of northern Thailand. This performance was recorded during ethnopoetic fieldwork carried out in two villages in the province of Chiang Rai.2 The hta is then analysed to understand the operations of ecopoetic symbolisation that bring particular nonhumans into the domain of human language. This analysis reveals that a metaphorical mode of symbolisation is extensively used throughout the hta to overcome human/nonhuman allotopies by means of implicit or explicit semic transformations. This seems to indicate that a naturalistic mode of identification underlies the whole poem, a conclusion that calls into question the essentialising and mythifying portrayal of the Pgaz K’Nyau as pre-modern and animistic indigenous stewards.

Schlüsselwörter

  • oral tradition
  • ethnopoetics
  • semiotics
  • ecocriticism
  • literary devices
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Ecological Insight of the Bunga’ Lalang Rice Farming Tradition in Luwu Society, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: 140 - 153

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The ecological insights of local farming traditions have the potential to be adapted to modern agricultural practices. The article presents an exploration of the ecological insights of the bunga’ lalang rice farming tradition in the Luwu society, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Four rituals of the tradition were observed directly during their performance, followed by interviews with eleven figures including the ritual masters. Each ritual of the bunga’ lalang tradition was treated as a discourse and the meanings of the biological elements are extracted to generate ecological knowledge that is biologically logical and compatible with modern scientific knowledge in rice farming.

Schlüsselwörter

  • ecological insights
  • rice farming tradition
  • Luwu society
  • Indonesia
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Prince’s Wings: Possible Origin of the Tale Type and its Early Chinese Variants

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: 154 - 169

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The article* aims to clarify the relations between the early versions of tale type ATU 575. Examining the range of Chinese accounts concerning various wooden birds, the author concludes that two groups can be distinguished. The first consists of stories about flying wooden kite-like birds that are not used as vehicles, while in the second, we deal with wooden birds that can carry people. Records belonging to the second group and evidently having their origin in Indian and Central Asian folk tradition appear later in China. An attempt is made to restore possible outlines of the tale type’s ancestral stories. The article states that the tale of an enamoured weaver in the Panchatantra evolves from the structure of such an ancestral story.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Buddhist tales
  • Chinese folklore
  • cross-cultural study

Notes & Reviews

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Notes and Reviews: Disarmed by Drama Methodology

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: 170 - 176

Zusammenfassung

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Book Review. Till Death do us Part: American Ethnic Cemeteries as Borders Uncrossed

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: 177 - 179

Zusammenfassung

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Dajko, Nathalie and Shana Walton, eds. 2019. Language in Louisiana: Community and Culture. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi.

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: 180 - 182

Zusammenfassung

12 Artikel

Editorial

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Editorial Impressions: Ethnography and Metaphors

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: i - vi

Zusammenfassung

Articles

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Deaf Heritage Collective: Collaboration with Critical Intent

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: 1 - 26

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The paper reflects upon the Deaf Heritage Collective, a collaborative project led by Edinburgh Napier University’s Design for Heritage team and Heriot Watt’s Centre for Translation And Interpreting Studies. The project aimed to advance discussion around the British Sign Language Act (Scottish Government 2015) and bring into being a network of Deaf communities and cultural heritage organisations committed to promoting BSL in public life. The aim of this paper is to contextualise the project and its creative approach within the distinctly Scottish context, and the ideals of critical heritage, critical design and the museum activist movement. This paper presents the context and creative processes by which we engaged participants in debate and the struggles we encountered. We describe these processes and the primacy of collaborative making as a mode of inquiry. We argue that by curating a workshop space where different types of knowledge were valorised and where participants were encouraged to “think with” materials (Rockwell and Mactavish 2004) we were able to challenge the balance of power between heritage professionals and members of the Deaf community. By harnessing the explanatory power of collaborative making we debated the assemblages of epistemic inequality, and the imagined futures of Deaf heritage in Scotland.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Deaf heritage
  • BSL (Scotland) Act 2015
  • critical heritage
  • critical design
  • participatory research
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Sealed Grave and Burial Rituals in the Context of Revenants in Ukrainian Belief

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: 27 - 49

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The article* sets the goal of describing the Ukrainian ritual of the sealed grave and its relation to revenants, or the unquiet dead, based both on the author’s fieldwork and ethnographic collections of the turn of the 20th century. The meaning of the ritual and its variants are delineated through folk beliefs and institutionalised Orthodoxy and are defined as one of the main reasons for becoming revenants. Depending on a proper or failed funeral, the dead have different possibilities and time boundaries to visit the living. Together with biological reasons, the ritual of sealing a grave allows a seven-year period of return prior to the grave being finally sealed.

Schlüsselwörter

  • revenants
  • unquiet dead
  • belief narratives
  • burial ritual
  • Uk rainianbeliefs
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Of Barrenness and Witchcraft: The Songs of the Legi Women’s Association

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: 50 - 64

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Witchcraft and barrenness are two critical issues that African women have had to grapple with since precolonial times. Therefore, the focus of attention in this paper is the songs of the Legi voluntary association among the Ịjọ of Nigeria’s oil-rich Niger Delta region. The Legi women’s group is made up of adult women who are barren and/or have been tagged witches by their community. The women of the association compose songs about their experiences in society and sing them at burials. For the women of the Legi Association, art is a means of showing support for or solidarity with a member of the group whose father or mother has died. Moreover, the members of the association perform their songs at burials that are unconnected with them to celebrate with those who invite them.

Schlüsselwörter

  • barrenness
  • witchcraft
  • Legi Association
  • Ịjọland
  • suffering
  • voluntary associations
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Death by Poisoning: Cautionary Narratives and Inter-Ethnic Accusations in Contemporary Sikkim

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: 65 - 84

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The Sikkimese are a multi-ethnic community in a Himalayan sub-region in India. Even though the majority of the population is Hindu and Nepalese, the minority Buddhist and Bhutia/Lepcha communities are very strong. Death by poisoning is a common occurrence among the Sikkimese, and it is often ambiguous and subject to suspicion. Narrated initially as traditional cautionary tales, these belief narratives have been used against the multi-ethnic communities that reside in Sikkim, leading to real-world accusations. The article explores how belief in, and narratives related to, poison, poisoning, poison keepers and the poison deity are used to justify the demonisation and othering of a community.

Schlüsselwörter

  • death by poisoning
  • ethnicity
  • belief narratives
  • demonization
  • Buddhism
  • accusations
  • Sikkim
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Marginalisation, Revolt and Adaptation: on Changing the Mayamara Tradition

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: 85 - 102

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Assam is a land of complex history and folklore situated in North East India where religious beliefs, both institutional and vernacular, are part and parcel of lived folk cultures. Amid the domination and growth of Goddess worshiping cults (sakta) in Assam, the sattra unit of religious and socio-cultural institutions came into being as a result of the neo-Vaishnava movement led by Sankaradeva (1449–1568) and his chief disciple Madhavadeva (1489–1596). Kalasamhati is one among the four basic religious sects of the sattras, spread mainly among the subdued communities in Assam. Mayamara could be considered a subsect under Kalasamhati. Aniruddhadeva (1553–1626) preached the Mayamara doctrine among his devotees on the north bank of the Brahmaputra river. Later his inclusive religious behaviour and magical skill influenced many locals to convert to the Mayamara faith. Ritualistic features are a very significant part of Mayamara devotee’s lives. Among the locals there are some narrative variations and disputes about stories and terminologies of the tradition. Adaptations of religious elements in their faith from Indigenous sources have led to the question of their recognition in the mainstream neo-Vaishnava order. In the context of Mayamara tradition, the connection between folklore and history is very much intertwined. Therefore, this paper focuses on marginalisation, revolt in the community and narrative interpretation on the basis of folkloristic and historical groundings. The discussion will reflect upon the beliefs, ritualistic aspects, and myths of the tradition. Fieldwork materials will be employed to discuss the tension between local practices and mainstream neo-Vaishnava influence.

Schlüsselwörter

  • change
  • Mayamara
  • marginalisation
  • narrative
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Kox Kwai Kauv Kox Kwai “:1 Ecopoetic Symbolisation in Pgaz K’nyau Oral Poetry

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: 103 - 139

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This article* presents the transcription, translation, and annotation of an original performance of hta, a traditional form of oral poetry in Sgaw, the language of the Pgaz K’Nyau (Karen) people of northern Thailand. This performance was recorded during ethnopoetic fieldwork carried out in two villages in the province of Chiang Rai.2 The hta is then analysed to understand the operations of ecopoetic symbolisation that bring particular nonhumans into the domain of human language. This analysis reveals that a metaphorical mode of symbolisation is extensively used throughout the hta to overcome human/nonhuman allotopies by means of implicit or explicit semic transformations. This seems to indicate that a naturalistic mode of identification underlies the whole poem, a conclusion that calls into question the essentialising and mythifying portrayal of the Pgaz K’Nyau as pre-modern and animistic indigenous stewards.

Schlüsselwörter

  • oral tradition
  • ethnopoetics
  • semiotics
  • ecocriticism
  • literary devices
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Ecological Insight of the Bunga’ Lalang Rice Farming Tradition in Luwu Society, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: 140 - 153

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The ecological insights of local farming traditions have the potential to be adapted to modern agricultural practices. The article presents an exploration of the ecological insights of the bunga’ lalang rice farming tradition in the Luwu society, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Four rituals of the tradition were observed directly during their performance, followed by interviews with eleven figures including the ritual masters. Each ritual of the bunga’ lalang tradition was treated as a discourse and the meanings of the biological elements are extracted to generate ecological knowledge that is biologically logical and compatible with modern scientific knowledge in rice farming.

Schlüsselwörter

  • ecological insights
  • rice farming tradition
  • Luwu society
  • Indonesia
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Prince’s Wings: Possible Origin of the Tale Type and its Early Chinese Variants

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: 154 - 169

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The article* aims to clarify the relations between the early versions of tale type ATU 575. Examining the range of Chinese accounts concerning various wooden birds, the author concludes that two groups can be distinguished. The first consists of stories about flying wooden kite-like birds that are not used as vehicles, while in the second, we deal with wooden birds that can carry people. Records belonging to the second group and evidently having their origin in Indian and Central Asian folk tradition appear later in China. An attempt is made to restore possible outlines of the tale type’s ancestral stories. The article states that the tale of an enamoured weaver in the Panchatantra evolves from the structure of such an ancestral story.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Buddhist tales
  • Chinese folklore
  • cross-cultural study

Notes & Reviews

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Notes and Reviews: Disarmed by Drama Methodology

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: 170 - 176

Zusammenfassung

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Book Review. Till Death do us Part: American Ethnic Cemeteries as Borders Uncrossed

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: 177 - 179

Zusammenfassung

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Dajko, Nathalie and Shana Walton, eds. 2019. Language in Louisiana: Community and Culture. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi.

Online veröffentlicht: 12 Jun 2021
Seitenbereich: 180 - 182

Zusammenfassung

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