Zeitschriften und Ausgaben

Volumen 21 (2021): Heft 1 (June 2021)

Volumen 20 (2020): Heft 2 (December 2020)

Volumen 20 (2020): Heft 1 (June 2020)

Volumen 19 (2019): Heft 2 (December 2019)

Volumen 19 (2019): Heft 1 (June 2019)

Volumen 18 (2018): Heft 2 (December 2018)

Volumen 18 (2018): Heft 1 (June 2018)

Volumen 17 (2017): Heft 2 (December 2017)

Volumen 17 (2017): Heft 1 (December 2017)

Volumen 16 (2016): Heft 2 (December 2016)

Volumen 16 (2016): Heft 1 (June 2016)

Volumen 15 (2015): Heft 2 (December 2015)

Volumen 15 (2015): Heft 1 (June 2015)

Volumen 14 (2014): Heft 2 (December 2014)

Volumen 14 (2014): Heft 1 (June 2014)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
1339-7877
Erstveröffentlichung
15 Jun 2014
Erscheinungsweise
2 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

Volumen 16 (2016): Heft 2 (December 2016)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
1339-7877
Erstveröffentlichung
15 Jun 2014
Erscheinungsweise
2 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

6 Artikel
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Religion and Science: What Can Anthropology Offer?

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2017
Seitenbereich: 8 - 13

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This short tribute to Ján Podolák comments on the space between two extremes: pure science and blind belief. If religion is not susceptible to scientific proof because it is a belief in an invisible world inhabited by spirits who influence human existence on earth then science in its strictest sense is the opposite of religion because it is not based on any beliefs but solely on provable facts. However, the anthropology of science should be based on the pluralism of knowledge and the seeking of truth in different cultural settings around the world. Everything human, also science, is a social and cultural phenomenon. This means that rationality is not a preserve of the Western mind only and that without falling into the trap of postmodernist excessive relativism, we should admit that rationality is not only universal but also not hierarchized evolutionistically or qualitatively by giving preference to its Western brand. Science thus ceases to be the only realm of rational knowledge. Religion in its turn is a kind of non-scientific knowledge.

Schlüsselwörter

  • science
  • religion
  • pluralism of knowledge
  • rationalism
  • rationality
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Barroque Paradise of Santa María Tonantzintla (Part II)

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2017
Seitenbereich: 14 - 32

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The baroque church of Santa María Tonantzintla is located in the Valley of Cholula in the Central Mexican Plateau and it was built during 16th-19th century. Its interior decoration shows an interesting symbolic fusion of Christian elements with Mesoamerican religious aspects of Nahua origin. Scholars of Mexican colonial art interpreted the Catholic iconography of Santa María Tonantzintla church as the Assumption of the Virgin Mary up to the celestial kingdom and her coronation by the holy Trinity. One of those scholars, Francisco de la Maza, proposed the idea that apart from that, the ornaments of the church evoke Tlalocan, paradise of the ancient deity of rain known as Tlaloc. Following this interpretation this study explores the relation between the Virgin Mary and the ancient Nahua deity of Earth and fertility called Tonatzin in order to show the profound syncretic bonds which exist between Christian and Mesoamerican traditions.

Schlüsselwörter

  • syncretism
  • altepetl
  • Tlalocan
  • Tamoanchan
  • Ometeotl
  • Nahua culture
  • Tonantzintla
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

“Hare Krishna vs. Shiva Shiva”: Swami Agehananda Bharati, Drugs, and the Mystical State in Hindusim

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2017
Seitenbereich: 33 - 42

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper will form an overview of Swami Agehananda Bharati’s views about drugs as a catalyst for achieving the mystical state (in both a Hindu and general context), as well as his observations of the perception of drugs throughout the Hindu community, inside and outside South Asia. It will demonstrate that Bharati considered drugs a valid means toward achieving the mystical state, both as a scholar of Hinduism and as a practicing sannyasin.

Schlüsselwörter

  • mystical state
  • zero experience
  • drugs
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Khitan Perempuan: Who Speaks for the Indonesian Female Circumcision?

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2017
Seitenbereich: 43 - 65

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Throughout the paper the author focuses on the ritual of female circumcision in Indonesian Java, more specifically in the city of Yogyakarta. By the help of fieldwork and academic literature she examines this not merely taboo but also legally forbidden practice in the biggest Muslim country in the world. Female circumcision (FC) in Java and Indonesia in general is considered as a daily practice going hand in hand with tradition. The author puts to the foreground the form of circumcision performed in Yogyakarta and its classification as a symbolic and less invasive one. She explains the history of this ritual in the archipelago, national and international regulations and guidelines, analyzes the role of different authorities (state, religious leaders and NGO’s) on the persistence/abundance of FC and as a consequence its ‘globalized’ form (medicalizetion of FC). The author learns and emphasizes that this is a practice taken for granted, whose origin is little known to the interlocutors (the executors and participants of the ritual) and that the existing literature on the subject is insufficient. For such research a careful approach is of key importance and the author frequently utilizes the help of cultural relativism, reductionism and the use of narrative.

Schlüsselwörter

  • female circumcision
  • globalization of female circumcision
  • religious identity
  • Yogyakarta
  • Indonesia
  • NGO’s
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Our God is Gold: Vlashika Rom at a Crossroads?

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2017
Seitenbereich: 66 - 80

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This article explicates the sociocultural dynamics in the changing lives of the Vlashika Rom group in the Czech and Slovak Republics and contemplates the prospective development of this Roma subculture. To provide a better insight into the endeavour of the Vlashika Rom to maintain their integrity and into their adaptation strategies, the author outlines the genesis of this subethnic group, pointing out the historical circumstances that have formed them in the past. Contrary to former descriptions, the author provides an entirely new concept for dividing the Vlashika Rom into subgroups, identifying three distinct levels that create social boundaries within this community. He describes the way of living of this subgroup in the past as well as the relationships between the Vlashika Rom and the dominant society. Frequently antagonistic, these relationships depend on their way of life, substantially determined by the way they earn their living. The author analyses the inner resources that keep sustaining the contemporary Vlashika Rom culture and, drawing on his own experience and impulses from literature, inquires how long this anachronistic yet at the same time very adaptable culture will be able to resist the assimilation pressures deriving from the very nature of the modern national state.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Vlashika Rom
  • ethnogenesis
  • Czech Republic
  • Slovakia
  • sub-ethnic division
  • social cohesion
  • adaptation strategies
  • interethnic relations
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Odzemok: Cultural and Historical Development

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2017
Seitenbereich: 81 - 98

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This article characterizes the male dance odzemok as one of the most representative dances in the broad spectrum of Slovak folk dances. A more detailed analysis and subsequent analysis of the literature confirms the absence of a comprehensive integrated material concerning odzemok in a wider context. This text further highlights the historical development of said male dance in the central geographic area, and analyzes the factors that led to the development of its present form.

Schlüsselwörter

  • folk dance
  • folk music
  • male dance
  • odzemok
  • hajduch
  • valachian colonization
6 Artikel
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Religion and Science: What Can Anthropology Offer?

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2017
Seitenbereich: 8 - 13

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This short tribute to Ján Podolák comments on the space between two extremes: pure science and blind belief. If religion is not susceptible to scientific proof because it is a belief in an invisible world inhabited by spirits who influence human existence on earth then science in its strictest sense is the opposite of religion because it is not based on any beliefs but solely on provable facts. However, the anthropology of science should be based on the pluralism of knowledge and the seeking of truth in different cultural settings around the world. Everything human, also science, is a social and cultural phenomenon. This means that rationality is not a preserve of the Western mind only and that without falling into the trap of postmodernist excessive relativism, we should admit that rationality is not only universal but also not hierarchized evolutionistically or qualitatively by giving preference to its Western brand. Science thus ceases to be the only realm of rational knowledge. Religion in its turn is a kind of non-scientific knowledge.

Schlüsselwörter

  • science
  • religion
  • pluralism of knowledge
  • rationalism
  • rationality
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Barroque Paradise of Santa María Tonantzintla (Part II)

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2017
Seitenbereich: 14 - 32

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The baroque church of Santa María Tonantzintla is located in the Valley of Cholula in the Central Mexican Plateau and it was built during 16th-19th century. Its interior decoration shows an interesting symbolic fusion of Christian elements with Mesoamerican religious aspects of Nahua origin. Scholars of Mexican colonial art interpreted the Catholic iconography of Santa María Tonantzintla church as the Assumption of the Virgin Mary up to the celestial kingdom and her coronation by the holy Trinity. One of those scholars, Francisco de la Maza, proposed the idea that apart from that, the ornaments of the church evoke Tlalocan, paradise of the ancient deity of rain known as Tlaloc. Following this interpretation this study explores the relation between the Virgin Mary and the ancient Nahua deity of Earth and fertility called Tonatzin in order to show the profound syncretic bonds which exist between Christian and Mesoamerican traditions.

Schlüsselwörter

  • syncretism
  • altepetl
  • Tlalocan
  • Tamoanchan
  • Ometeotl
  • Nahua culture
  • Tonantzintla
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

“Hare Krishna vs. Shiva Shiva”: Swami Agehananda Bharati, Drugs, and the Mystical State in Hindusim

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2017
Seitenbereich: 33 - 42

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper will form an overview of Swami Agehananda Bharati’s views about drugs as a catalyst for achieving the mystical state (in both a Hindu and general context), as well as his observations of the perception of drugs throughout the Hindu community, inside and outside South Asia. It will demonstrate that Bharati considered drugs a valid means toward achieving the mystical state, both as a scholar of Hinduism and as a practicing sannyasin.

Schlüsselwörter

  • mystical state
  • zero experience
  • drugs
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Khitan Perempuan: Who Speaks for the Indonesian Female Circumcision?

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2017
Seitenbereich: 43 - 65

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Throughout the paper the author focuses on the ritual of female circumcision in Indonesian Java, more specifically in the city of Yogyakarta. By the help of fieldwork and academic literature she examines this not merely taboo but also legally forbidden practice in the biggest Muslim country in the world. Female circumcision (FC) in Java and Indonesia in general is considered as a daily practice going hand in hand with tradition. The author puts to the foreground the form of circumcision performed in Yogyakarta and its classification as a symbolic and less invasive one. She explains the history of this ritual in the archipelago, national and international regulations and guidelines, analyzes the role of different authorities (state, religious leaders and NGO’s) on the persistence/abundance of FC and as a consequence its ‘globalized’ form (medicalizetion of FC). The author learns and emphasizes that this is a practice taken for granted, whose origin is little known to the interlocutors (the executors and participants of the ritual) and that the existing literature on the subject is insufficient. For such research a careful approach is of key importance and the author frequently utilizes the help of cultural relativism, reductionism and the use of narrative.

Schlüsselwörter

  • female circumcision
  • globalization of female circumcision
  • religious identity
  • Yogyakarta
  • Indonesia
  • NGO’s
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Our God is Gold: Vlashika Rom at a Crossroads?

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2017
Seitenbereich: 66 - 80

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This article explicates the sociocultural dynamics in the changing lives of the Vlashika Rom group in the Czech and Slovak Republics and contemplates the prospective development of this Roma subculture. To provide a better insight into the endeavour of the Vlashika Rom to maintain their integrity and into their adaptation strategies, the author outlines the genesis of this subethnic group, pointing out the historical circumstances that have formed them in the past. Contrary to former descriptions, the author provides an entirely new concept for dividing the Vlashika Rom into subgroups, identifying three distinct levels that create social boundaries within this community. He describes the way of living of this subgroup in the past as well as the relationships between the Vlashika Rom and the dominant society. Frequently antagonistic, these relationships depend on their way of life, substantially determined by the way they earn their living. The author analyses the inner resources that keep sustaining the contemporary Vlashika Rom culture and, drawing on his own experience and impulses from literature, inquires how long this anachronistic yet at the same time very adaptable culture will be able to resist the assimilation pressures deriving from the very nature of the modern national state.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Vlashika Rom
  • ethnogenesis
  • Czech Republic
  • Slovakia
  • sub-ethnic division
  • social cohesion
  • adaptation strategies
  • interethnic relations
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Odzemok: Cultural and Historical Development

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2017
Seitenbereich: 81 - 98

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This article characterizes the male dance odzemok as one of the most representative dances in the broad spectrum of Slovak folk dances. A more detailed analysis and subsequent analysis of the literature confirms the absence of a comprehensive integrated material concerning odzemok in a wider context. This text further highlights the historical development of said male dance in the central geographic area, and analyzes the factors that led to the development of its present form.

Schlüsselwörter

  • folk dance
  • folk music
  • male dance
  • odzemok
  • hajduch
  • valachian colonization

Planen Sie Ihre Fernkonferenz mit Scienceendo