1. bookVolume 33 (2012): Issue 2 (December 2012)
Zeitschriftendaten
License
Format
Zeitschrift
Erstveröffentlichung
01 Mar 2013
Erscheinungsweise
2 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch
access type Open Access

The Centrality of Culture in the 20th Century Estonian Press

Zeitschriftendaten
License
Format
Zeitschrift
Erstveröffentlichung
01 Mar 2013
Erscheinungsweise
2 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

The present article highlights the importance of the comparative longitudinal study of massmediated content in comparing the evolution of public spheres in neighbouring countries. In order to contextualize our research on the Estonian media system, we simultaneously conducted a similar study on Finnish and Russian newspapers of the same period. The 20th century was a period of rapid change in Estonian society and, compared with Finnish and Russian newspapers, Estonian newspapers paid more attention to issues that were labelled as “cultural”. In the Estonian press the understanding that ‘culture’ is important prevailed, as it was one of the most stable elements of content throughout the century. The significance of governance-politics and economics depended on the political situation and historical context. The interpretation of data is based on the binaries “centre” vs. “periphery” and “self-reference” vs. “other-reference”.

Åslund, A. (2007) How Capitalism was Built: The Transformation of Central and Eastern Europe, Russia,and Central Asia, Cambridge University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Barnhurst, K.G., & Nerone, J.C. (2001) The Form of News: A History. New York. London: The Guilford Press.Search in Google Scholar

Becker K., Ekecrantz J., & Olsson T. (2000) Picturing Politics. Visual and Textual Formations of Modernity inthe Swedish Press. Stockholm: Stockholms universitet, Inst. för Journalistik, medier och kommunikation.Search in Google Scholar

Berelson, B. (1952) Content Analysis in Communication Research. Glencoe, IL: The Free Press.Search in Google Scholar

Berger, P., & Luckmann, T. (1966) The Social Construction of Reality: a Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. Garden City, NY: Anchor Books.Search in Google Scholar

Budd R.W., Thorp R.K., & Donohew, L. (1967) ‘Content Analysis of Communications, New York, London: Macmillan’.Search in Google Scholar

Curran, J. (1991) Rethinking the Media as Public Sphere. in Dahlgren, P., Sparks, C. (eds) Communicationand Citizenship. London: RoutledgeSearch in Google Scholar

van Dijk, T.A. (1985) Semantic Discourse Analysis. Handbook of Discourse Analysis, Vol. 2. Dimensions ofDiscourse. London: Academic Press.Search in Google Scholar

Downs, A. (1972) Up and Down With Ecology: the Issue-Attention Cycle. Public Interest, 28, pp. 38-50.Search in Google Scholar

Funkhouser, G.R. (1973). The Issues of the Sixties: An Exploratory Study in the Dynamics of Public Opinion. Public Opinion Quarterly, 37(1), 62-75.Search in Google Scholar

Gerbner, G. (1969) “Toward ‘Cultural Indicators’: The Analysis of Mass Mediated Public Message Systems”, in Gerbner, G., Krippendorff, K., Paisley, W.J., & Stone, P.J. (eds) The Analysis of CommunicationContent: Developments in Scientific Theories and Computer Techniques, 123-132. New York, London, Sydney, Toronto: John Wiley and Sons Inc.Search in Google Scholar

Habermas, J. (1996) Strukturwandel der Öffentlichkeit. Untersuchungen zu einer Kategorie der bürgerlichenGesellschaft. Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp.Search in Google Scholar

Huang, Y. (2008) ‘Diachronic Representation of Social Actors in the New Year’s Editorials in People’s Daily’, China Media Research 4(3): 1-8.Search in Google Scholar

Jakobson, R. (1995) ‘The Speech Event and the Functions of Language’, in Waugh L.R. & Monville-Burston, M. (eds) On Language. Harvard University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Jakobson, R. (1960) ‘Concluding Statement: Linguistics and Poetics’, in Sebeok, T. (ed.) Style in Language, 350-377. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.Search in Google Scholar

A. Kõnno, A. Aljas, M. Lõhmus & R. Kõuts The Centrality of Culture in the 20th Century Estonian PressSearch in Google Scholar

Krippendorff, K. (1980) Content Analysis: An Introduction to its Methodology. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.Search in Google Scholar

Lasswell, H.D. (1948) ‘The Structure and Function of Communications in Society’, in Bryson, L. (ed.) TheCommunication of Ideas, 37-51. New York: Institute for Religious and Social Studies.Search in Google Scholar

Lazarsfeld, P.F. (1960) Latent Structure Analysis. New York: Columbia University.Search in Google Scholar

Lerner, D., Pool, I., & Lasswell H.D. (1951) ‘Comparative Analysis of Political Ideologies: A Preliminary Statement’, The Public Opinion Quarterly, Vol. 15 No. 4 (Winter 1951-1952), pp. 715-733.Search in Google Scholar

Luhmann, N. (2000) The Reality of the Mass Media. Cambridge: Polity Press.Search in Google Scholar

Lotman, J. (2001) ‘The Semiosphere and the Problem of Plot’. Universe of the Mind. A Semiotic Theory ofCulture. London, New York: I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd.Search in Google Scholar

Luostarinen H., & Uskali, T. (2004) ‘Suomalainen journalismi ja yhteiskunnan muutos 1980-2000’ [Finnish Journalism and the Change of Society 1980-2000], in Helkama K., Seppälä T. Sosiaaliset innovaatiot,yheiskunnan uudistumiskyky ja taloudellinen menestys [Social innovations, potential of social renewal and economic success], Artikkelikokoelma: Helsinki, Sitra: 449-529.Search in Google Scholar

Lõhmus, M. (2009) ‘On Publicity and Reflexive Journalism’, Acta Semiotica Fennica 34, 945-954.Search in Google Scholar

Lõhmus, M. (2002) Transformation of Public Text in Totalitarian System: Sociosemiotical Analysis of theSoviet Censorship Practices, 167. (Annales Universitas Turkuensis Ser. B, 248.) Turku: Turun Yliopisto.Search in Google Scholar

McCombs, M., & Shaw, D. (1972) ‘The Agenda Setting Function of Mass Media’, Public Opinion Quarterly 36, pp. 176-187.Search in Google Scholar

Mervola, P. (1995) Kirja, kirjavampi, sanomalehti. Ulkoasukierre ja suomalaisten sanomalehtien ulkoasu1771-1994. Helsinki-Jyväskylä: Suomen Historialinen Seura, Jyväskylän Yliopisto.Search in Google Scholar

Nordenstreng, K. (2007) The Citizen Moves from the Audience to the Arena http://www.nordicom.gu.se/common/publ_pdf/29_nordenstreng.pdfSearch in Google Scholar

Rogers, E. (1997) A History of Communication Study: A Biographical Approach, New York: The Free Press.Search in Google Scholar

Riffe D., Lacy, S., & Drager, M.W. (1996) ‘Sample Size in Content Analysis of Weekly News Magazines’, Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, Vol 73 (3): 635-644.Search in Google Scholar

Schrøder, K.C. (2002) ‘Discourses of Fact’, in Jensen, K.B. (ed.) A Handbook of Media and CommunicationResearch, London/New York: Routledge: 98-116.Search in Google Scholar

Schutz, A., & Luckmann, T. (1973) The Structures of the Life-world. London: Heinemann.Search in Google Scholar

Vihalemm, P. (2004) Meediasüsteem ja meediakasutus Eestis 1965-2004. Tartu: Tartu Ülikooli ajakirjanduse ja kommunikatsiooni osakond.Search in Google Scholar

Vihalemm, P., & Lauristin, M. (2004) ‘Eesti ühiskonna ja meedia muutumine 1965-2004, in Vihalemm, P. (ed) Meedia süsteem ja meediakasutus Eestis 1965-2004 (pp. 1-21) Tartu: Tartu Ülikooli kirjastus.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo