1. bookVolumen 10 (2022): Heft 2 (June 2022)
Zeitschriftendaten
License
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
2354-0079
Erstveröffentlichung
15 Apr 2013
Erscheinungsweise
4 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The effects of urbanisation on food security in Africa: An overview and synthesis of the literature

Online veröffentlicht: 30 Jun 2022
Volumen & Heft: Volumen 10 (2022) - Heft 2 (June 2022)
Seitenbereich: 40 - 48
Eingereicht: 14 Feb 2022
Akzeptiert: 17 May 2022
Zeitschriftendaten
License
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
2354-0079
Erstveröffentlichung
15 Apr 2013
Erscheinungsweise
4 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch
Abstract

The rapid and unplanned urbanisation in Africa has resulted in unprecedented and turbulent effects which include prolonged drought, massive floods, economic losses, increased food insecurity among small-scale and subsistence farmers and increased vulnerability because of rapid climate change. This has been exacerbated by the irrefutable fact that governments in Africa have been ill-prepared and incompetent to effectively deal with the adverse effects of increased urbanisation. In this light, in the overview of this literature study, the researcher set out to explore the theoretical underpinnings and empirical dimensions of the effects of urbanisation on food security in Africa. The study further captures, analyses, and synthesises the literature on best practice applied by governments in Africa in proactively responding to the effects of urbanisation on food security. Furthermore, patterns on the adverse effects of urbanisation relating to food security are unpacked from scholars, and various solutions investigated. This was achieved by rigorously reviewing eleven empirical and relevant journal which were selected from Google Scholar and ResearchGate. The interesting themes that emerged in this study include poor government interventions and decision-making processes, inadequate or absent land-use planning, and high incompetency levels among urban planners. This has led to environmental degradation and unsustainable food security as the result of prime agricultural land being used for infrastructure or housing developments. Solutions suggested for urban food insecurity include public–private partnerships, the alignment of policies with urban agriculture, participatory and strategic land-use planning, and the empowerment of women.

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