1. bookVolume 23 (2016): Issue 1 (March 2016)
Zeitschriftendaten
License
Format
Zeitschrift
Erstveröffentlichung
08 Nov 2011
Erscheinungsweise
4 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch
access type Open Access

The ways to increase efficiency of soil bioremediation

Online veröffentlicht: 09 Apr 2016
Seitenbereich: 155 - 174
Zeitschriftendaten
License
Format
Zeitschrift
Erstveröffentlichung
08 Nov 2011
Erscheinungsweise
4 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

The aim of this paper was to present possibilities of using different substrates to assist the bioremediation of soils contaminated with heavy metals, pesticides and other substances. Today's bioengineering offers many solutions that enable the effective conduct of biological remediation, including both biostimulation and bioaugmentation. For this purpose, they are used to enrich various organic substances, sorbents, microbiological and enzymatic preparations, chemical substances of natural origin or nanoparticles. The use of genetic engineering as a tool to obtain microorganisms and plants capable of efficient degradation of pollutants may cause the risks that entails the introduction of transgenic plants and microorganisms into the environment. In order to determine the efficacy and possible effects of the various bioremediation techniques, it is required to conduct many studies and projects on a larger scale than only in the laboratory. Furthermore, it should be emphasized that bioremediation involves interdisciplinary issues and therefore, there is a need to combine knowledge from different disciplines, such as: microbiology, biochemistry, ecology, environmental engineering and process engineering.

[1] Alcade M, Ferrer M, Plou FJ, Ballesteros A. Environmental biocatalysis: from remediation with enzymes to novel green processes. Trend Biotechnol. 2006;24:281-287. DOI: 10.1016/j.tibtech.2006.04.002.Search in Google Scholar

[2] Ayotamuno JM, Kogbara RB, Agoro OS. Biostimulation supplemented with phytoremediation in the reclamation of a petroleum contaminated soil. World J Microb Biot. 2009;25:1567-1572. DOI: 10.1007/s11274-009-0045-z.Search in Google Scholar

[3] Nath A, Chakraborty S, Bhattacharjee C. 20 - bioreactor and enzymatic reactions in bioremediation. In: Das S, editor. Microbial Biodegradation and Bioremediation. Elsevier Inc. 2014, 455-495. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-800021-2.00020-0Search in Google Scholar

[4] Rayu S, Karpozaus DG, Singh BK. Emerging technologies in bioremediation: constraints and opportunities. Biodegradation. 2012;23:917-926. DOI: 10.1007/s10532-012-9576-3.Search in Google Scholar

[5] Chen M, Xu P, Zeng G, Yang C, Huang D, Zhang J. Bioremediation of soils contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, petroleum, pesticides, chlorophenols and heavy metals by composting: Applications, microbes and future research needs. Biotech Adv. 2015;33:745-755. DOI: 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2015.05.003.Search in Google Scholar

[6] Singh A, Kuhad RC, Ward OP. Biological remediation of soil: an overview of global market and available technologies. In: Singh A, Kuhad RC, Ward OP. editors. Advances in Applied Bioremediation. Berlin. Heidelberg: Springer; 2009;17:1-20. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-89621-0_1.Search in Google Scholar

[7] Das N, Chandran P. Microbial degradation of petroleum hydrocarbon contaminants: An overview. Biotech Res Inter. 2011;1-13. ID 941810. DOI: 10.4061/2011/941810.Search in Google Scholar

[8] Desai C, Pathak H, Madamwar D. Advances in molecular and “-omics” technologies to gauge microbial communities and bio remediation at xenobiotic/anthropogen contaminated sites. Biores Technol. 2009;101(6):1558-156. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2009.10.080.Search in Google Scholar

[9] Kang JW. Removing environmental organic pollutants with bioremediation and phytoremediation. Biotechnol Lett. 2014;36:1129-1139. DOI: 10.1021/es203753b.Search in Google Scholar

[10] Simarro R, González N, Bautista LF, Molina MC. Assessment of the efficiency of in situ bioremediation techniques in a creosote polluted soil: Change in bacterial community. J. Hazard Mater. 2013;262:158-167. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2013.08.025Search in Google Scholar

[11] Hammond-Kosack KE. Biotechnology: Plant Protection. In: Smithers G, editor. Reference Module in Food Science. Elsevier Inc. 2014. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-444-52512-3.00248-5Search in Google Scholar

[12] Mani D. Kumar C. Biotechnological advances in bioremediation of heavy metals contaminated ecosystems: an overview with special reference to phytoremediation. Int J Environ Sci Technol. 2014;11:843-872. DOI: 10.1007/s13762-013-0299-8.Search in Google Scholar

[13] Kalantary RR, Mohseni-Bandpi A, Esrafili A, Nasseri S, Ashmagh FR, Jorfi S, et al. Effectiveness of biostimulation through nutrient content on the bioremediation of phenanthrene contaminated soil. J Environ Health Sci Eng. 2014;12(1):143. DOI: 10.1186/s40201-014-0143-1.Search in Google Scholar

[14] Wołejko E, Butarewicz A, Wydro U, Łoboda T. Advantages and potential risks of municipal sewage sludge application to urban soil. Desalin Water Treat. 2014;52:3732-3742. DOI: 10.1080/19443994.2014.884714.Search in Google Scholar

[15] Jovančićević B, Antić M, Pavlović I, Vrvić M, Beškoski V, Kronimus A, et al. Transformation of petroleum saturated hydrocarbons during soil bioremediation experiments. Water Air Soil Pollut. 2008;190:299-307. DOI: 10.1007/s11270-007-9601-z.Search in Google Scholar

[16] Juwarkar AA, Singh SK, Mudhoo A. A comprehensive overview of elements in bioremediation. Rev Environ Sci Biotechnol. 2010;9:215-288. DOI: 10.1007/s11157-010-9215-6.Search in Google Scholar

[17] Olkowska E, Ruman M, Kowalska A, Polkowska Ż. Determination of surfactants in environmental samples. Part I. Cationic compounds. Ecol Chem Eng S. 2013;20(1):69-77. DOI: 10.2478/eces-2013-0005.Search in Google Scholar

[18] Gautam RK, Mudhoo A, Lofrano G, Chattopadhyaya MC. Biomass-derived biosorbents for metal ions sequestration: Adsorbent modification and activation methods and adsorbent regeneration. J Environ Chem Eng. 2014;2(1): 239-259. DOI: 10.1016/j.jece.2013.12.019.Search in Google Scholar

[19] Lors C, Damidot D, Ponge JF, Périé F. Comparison of a bioremediation process of PAHs in a PAH-contaminated soil at field and laboratory scales. Environ Pollut. 2012;165:11-17. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2012.02.004.Search in Google Scholar

[20] Piekutin J, Skoczko I, Wysocki R. Zastosowanie koagulacji do usuwania związków ropopochodnych po napowietrzaniu. (Application of coagulation process for removal of petroleum hydrocarbons after aeration). Roczn Ochr Środ. 2015;17:1715-1726.Search in Google Scholar

[21] Piekutin J, Skoczko I. Use of stripping tower and reverse osmosis in removal of petroleum hydrocarbons from water. Desalin Water Treat. 2014;52(19-21):3714-3718. DOI: 10.1080/19443994.2014.887497.Search in Google Scholar

[22] Mukherjee K, Saha R, Ghosh A, Ghosh SK, Maji PK, Saha B. Surfactant-assisted bioremediation of hexavalent chromium by use of an aqueus extract of sugarcane bagasse. Res Chem Intermed. 2014;40:1727-1734. DOI: 10.1007/s11164-013-1077-4.Search in Google Scholar

[23] Sejakova Z, Dercova K, Tothova L. Biodegradation and ecotoxicity of soil contaminated by pentachlorophenol applying bioaugmentation and addition of sorbents. World J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2009;25:243-252. DOI: 10.1007/s11274-008-9885-1.Search in Google Scholar

[24] Semenyuk NN, Yatsenko VS, Strijakova ER, Filonov AE, Petrikov KV, Zavgorodnyaya YA, et al. Effect of activated charcoal on bioremediation of diesel fuel contaminated soil. Microbiology. 2014;83(5):589-598. DOI: 10.1134/S0026261714050221.Search in Google Scholar

[25] Wołejko E, Wydro U, Butarewicz A, Łoboda T. Effects of sewage sludge on the accumulation of heavy metals in soil and in mixtures of lawn grasses. Environ Prot Eng. 2013;39(2):67-76. DOI: 10.5277/EPE130207.Search in Google Scholar

[26] Achiba WB, Gabteni N, Lakhdar A, Laing GD, Verloo M, Jedidi N, et al. Effects of 5-year application of municipal solid waste compost on the distribution and mobility of heavy metals in a Tunisian calcareous soil. Agric Ecosyst Environ. 2009;130(3-4):156-163. DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2009.01.001.Search in Google Scholar

[27] Kabala C, Singh BR. Fractionation and mobility of copper, lead, and zinc in soil profiles in the vicinity of a copper smelter. J Environ Qual. 2001;30:485-492. DOI: 10.2134/jeq2001.302485x.Search in Google Scholar

[28] Singh RP, Agrawal M. Potential benefits and risks of land application of sewage sludge. Waste Manage. 2008;28:347-358. DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2006.12.010.Search in Google Scholar

[29] Khan S, Afzal M, Iqbal S, Khan QM. Plant-bacteria partnerships for the remediation of hydrocarbon contaminated soils. Chemosphere 2013;90(4):1317-1332. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.09.045.Search in Google Scholar

[30] Gestel KV, Mergaert J, Swings J, Coosemans J, Ryckeboer J. Bioremediation of diesel oil-contaminated soil by composting with biowaste. Environ Pollut. 2003;125:361-68. DOI: 10.1016/S0269-7491(03)00109-X.Search in Google Scholar

[31] Coates JD, Chakraborty R, Mcinerney MJ. Anaerobic benzene biodegradation - a new era. Res Microbiol. 2002;153:621-628. DOI: 10.1016/S0923-2508(02)01378-5.Search in Google Scholar

[32] Zhao JS, Halasz A, Paquet L, Beaulieu C, Hawari J. Biodegradation ofhexahydro1, 3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine and its mononitroso derivative hexahydro-1-nitroso-3,5-dinitro-1,3,5-triazine by Klebsiella pneumoniae strain SCZ-1 isolated from an anaerobic sludge. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2002;68:5336-5341. http://aem.asm.org/content/68/11/5336.full.Search in Google Scholar

[33] Nagata Y, Endo R, Ito M, Ohtsubo Y, Tsuda M. Aerobic degradation of lindane (γ-hexachlorocyclohexane) in bacteria and its biochemical and molecular basis. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2007;76(4):741-752. DOI: 10.1007/s00253-007-1066-x.Search in Google Scholar

[34] Mencía M, Martínez-Ferri AI, Alcalde M, De Lorenzo V. Identification of a γ-hexachlorocyclohexane dehydrochlorinase (LinA) variant with improved expression and solubility properties. Biocatal Biotransfor. 2006;24(3):223-230. DOI: 10.1080/10242420600667809.Search in Google Scholar

[35] Passatore L, Rossetti S, Juwarkar AA, Massacci A. Phytoremediation and bioremediation of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs): State of knowledge and research perspectives. J Hazard Mater. 2014;278:189-202. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.05.051.Search in Google Scholar

[36] Rubilar O, Tortilla G, Cea M, Acevedo F, Bustamante M, Gianfreda L, et al. Bioremediation of a Chilean Andisol contaminated with pentachlotophenol (PCP) by solid substrate cultures of white-rot fungi. Biodegradation. 2011;22:31-41. DOI: 10.1007/s10532-010-9373-9.Search in Google Scholar

[37] Sessitsch A, Kuffner M, Kidd P, Vangronsveld J, Wenzel WW, Fallmann K, et al. The role of plant-associated bacteria in the mobilization and phytoextraction of trace elements in contaminated soils. Soil Biol Biochem. 2013;60:182-194. DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2013.01.012.Search in Google Scholar

[38] Zaidi A, Wani PA, Khan MS. Bioremediation: A natural method for the management of polluted environment. In: Toxicity of Heavy Metals to Legumes and Bioremediation. Zaidi A, Wani PA, Khan MS, editors. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer; 2012;101-114.Search in Google Scholar

[39] Susarlas, M, Edina VF, McCutcheon SC. Phytoremediation: An ecological solution to organic chemical contamination. Ecol Eng. 2002;18:647-658. DOI: 10.1016/s0925-8574(02)00026-5.Search in Google Scholar

[40] Mallavarapu M, Balasubramanian R, Kadiyala V, Nambrattil S, Ravi N. Bioremediation approaches for organic pollutants: A critical perspective. Environ Int. 2011;37(8):1362-1375. DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2011.06.003.Search in Google Scholar

[41] Scott C, Pandey G, Hartley CJ, Jackson CJ, Cheesman MJ, Taylor MC, et al. The enzymatic basis for pesticide bioremediation. Indian J Microbiol. 2008;48:65-79. DOI: 10.1007/s12088-008-0007-4.Search in Google Scholar

[42] Arora PK, Kumar M, Chauhan A, Raghava GP, Jain RK. OxDBase: a database of oxygenases involved in biodegradation. BMC Res Notes. 2009;2:67. DOI: 10.1186/1756-0500-2-67.Search in Google Scholar

[43] Arora PK, Srivastava A, Singh VP. Application of monooxygenases in dehalogenation, desulphurization, denitrification and hydroxylation of aromatic compounds. J Bioremed Biodegrad. 2010;1:1-8. DOI: 10.4172/2155-6199.1000112.Search in Google Scholar

[44] Sing H, Löffler FE, Fathepure BZ. Aerobic biodegradation of vinyl chloride by a highly enriched mixed culture. Biodegradation. 2004;15(3):197-204. DOI: 10.1023/B:BIOD.0000026539.55941.73.Search in Google Scholar

[45] Gossett JM. Sustained aerobic oxidation of vinyl chloride at low oxygen concentrations. Environ Sci Technol. 2010;44(4):1405-1411. DOI: 10.1021/es9033974.Search in Google Scholar

[46] Jones JP, O’Hare EJ, Wong LL. Oxidation of polychlorinated benzenes by genetically engineered CYP101 (cytochrome P450cam). Eur J Biochem. 2001;268(5):1460-1467. DOI: 10.1046/j.1432-1327.2001.02018.x.Search in Google Scholar

[47] Riffaldi R, Levi-Minzi R, Cardelli R, Palumbo S, Saviozzi A. Soil biological activities in monitoring the bioremediation of diesel oil-contaminated soil. Water Air Soil Pollut. 2006;170(1-4):3-15. DOI: 10.1007/s11270-006-6328-1.Search in Google Scholar

[48] Chandra R, Chowdhary P. Properties of bacterial laccases and their application in bioremediation of industrial wastes. Environ Sci.: Processes Impacts. 2015;17:326-342. DOI: 10.1039/C4EM00627E.Search in Google Scholar

[49] Kim JS, Park JW, Lee SE, Kim JE. Formation of bound residues of 8-hydroxybentazon by oxidoreductive catalysts in soil. J Agric Food Chem. 2002;50(12):3507-3511. DOI: 10.1021/jf011504z.Search in Google Scholar

[50] Sharma D, Sharma B, Shukla AK. Biotechnological approach of microbial lipase: a review. Biotechnology. 2011;10: 23-40. DOI: 10.3923/biotech.2011.23.40.Search in Google Scholar

[51] Marchut-Mikolajczyk O, Kwapisz E, Wieczorek D, Antczak T. Biodegradation of diesel oil hydrocarbons enhanced with Mucor circinelloides enzyme preparation. Int Biodeter Biodegr. 2015;104:142-148. DOI: 10.1016/j.ibiod.2015.05.008.Search in Google Scholar

[52] Rao MA, Scelza R, Scotti R, Gianfreda L. Role of enzymes in the remediation of polluted environments. J Soil Sci Plant Nutr. 2010;10(3):333-353. DOI: 10.4067/S0718-95162010000100008.Search in Google Scholar

[53] Margesin R, Labbé D, Schinner F, Greer CW, Whyte LG. Characterization of hydrocarbon-degrading microbial populations in contaminated and pristine alpine soils. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2003;69(6):3085-3092. DOI: 10.1128/AEM.69.6.3085-3092.2003.Search in Google Scholar

[54] Ashby MN, Rine J, Mongodin EF, Nelson KE, Dimster-Denk D. Serial analysis of rRNA genes and the unexpected dominance of rare members of microbial communities. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007;73(14):4532-4542. DOI: 10.1128/AEM.02956-06.Search in Google Scholar

[55] Saavedra JM, Acevedo F, González M, Seeger M. Mineralization of PCBs by the genetically modified strain Cupriavidus necator JMS34 and its application for bioremediation of PCBs in soil. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2010;87:1543-1554. DOI 10.1007/s00253-010-2575-6.Search in Google Scholar

[56] Zhang R, Xu X, Chen W, Huang Q. Genetically engineered Pseudomonas putida X3 strain and its potential ability to bioremediate soil microcosms contaminated with methyl parathion and cadmium. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2015. DOI 10.1007/s00253-015-7099-7.Search in Google Scholar

[57] van der Lelie D, Lesaulnier C, McCorkle S, Geets J, Taghavi S, Dunn J. Use of single-point genome signature tags as a universal tagging method for microbial genome surveys. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006;72(3):2092-2101. DOI: 10.1128/AEM.72.3.2092-2101.2006.Search in Google Scholar

[58] Mello-Farias PC, Chaves ALS. Biochemical and molecular aspects of toxic metals phytoremediation using transgenic plants. In: Transgenic Approach in Plant Biochemistry and Physiology. Tiznado-Hernandez ME, Troncoso-Rojas R, Rivera-Dominguez MA, editors. Research Signpost, Kerala, India 2008; 253-266.Search in Google Scholar

[59] Sriprang R, Murooka Y. Accumulation and detoxification of metals by plants and microbes. In: Environmental Bioremediation Technologies. Singh SN, Tripathi RD, editors. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer; 2007:77-100. http://link.springer.com/book/10.1007%2F978-3-540-34793-4.Search in Google Scholar

[60] Gupta DK, Huang HG, Corpas FJ. Lead tolerance in plants: strategies for phytoremediation. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2013;20(4):2150-2161. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-013-1485-4.Search in Google Scholar

[61] Vallee BL, Auld DS. Zinc coordination, function and structure of zinc enzymes and other proteins. Biochemistry. 1990;29(24):5647-5659. DOI: 10.1021/bi00476a001.Search in Google Scholar

[62] Mejárea M, Bülow L. Metal-binding proteins and peptides in bioremediation and phytoremediation of heavy metals. Trends Biotechnol. 2001;19(2):67-73. DOI: 10.1016/S0167-7799(00)01534-1.Search in Google Scholar

[63] Cai Y, Ma QL. Metal tolerance, accumulation, and detoxicification in plants with emphasis on arsenic in terrestrial plants. In: Biogeochemistry of environmentally important trace elements. Cai Y, Braids OC. editors. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society; 2003;8:95-114. DOI: 10.1021/bk-2003-0835.ch008.Search in Google Scholar

[64] Yang X, Jin XF, Feng Y, Islam E. Molecular mechanisms and genetic bases of heavy metal tolerance/hyperaccumulation in plants. J Integr Plant Biol. 2005;47(9):1025-1035. DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2005.00144.x.Search in Google Scholar

[65] Hossain MA, Piyatida P, da Silva TJA, Fujita M. Molecular mechanism of heavy metal toxicity and tolerance in plants: central role of glutathione in detoxification of reactive oxygen species and methylglyoxal and in heavy metal chelation. J Botany. 2012:1-40. DOI: 10.1155/2012/872875.Search in Google Scholar

[66] Zenk MH. Heavy metal detoxification in higher plants - a review. Gene. 1996;179(1):21-30. DOI: 10.1016/S0378-1119(96)00422-2.Search in Google Scholar

[67] Xiang C, Oliver DJ. Glutathione metabolic genes co-ordinately respond to heavy metals and jasmonic acid in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 1998;10:1539-1550. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC144077/pdf/101539.pdf.Search in Google Scholar

[68] Cherian GM, Chan HM. Biological functions of metallothioneins - a review. In: Metallothionein III: Biological Roles and Medical Implications. Suzuki KT, Kimura M, Imura N, editors. Boston: Birkhauser Verlag; 1993:87-109.Search in Google Scholar

[69] Hassinen VH, Tervahauta AI, Schat H, Karenlampi SO. Plant metallothioneins - metal chelators with ROS scavenging activity. Plant Biol. 2011;13(2):225-232. DOI: 10.1111/j.1438-8677.2010.00398.x.Search in Google Scholar

[70] Castiglione S, Franchin C, Fossati T, Lingua G, Torrigiani P, Biondi S. High zinc concentrations reduce rooting capacity and alter metallothionein gene expression in white poplar (Populus alba L. cv. Villafranca). Chemosphere. 2007;67(6):1117-1126. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.11.039.Search in Google Scholar

[71] Wood TK. Molecular approaches in bioremediation. Curr Opin Biotechnol. 2008;19(6):572-578. DOI: 10.1016/j.copbio.2008.10.003.Search in Google Scholar

[72] Heaton ACP, Rugh CL, Wang NJ, Meagher RB. Physiological responses of transgenic merA-tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) to foliar and root mercury exposure. Water Air Soil Pollut. 2005;161:137-155. DOI: 10.1007/s11270-005-7111-4.Search in Google Scholar

[73] Bode M, Stobe P, Thiede B, Schuphan I, Schmidt B. Biotransformation of atrazine in transgenic tobacco cell culture expressing human P450. Pest Manage Sci. 2004;60:49-58. DOI: 10.1002/ps.770.Search in Google Scholar

[74] Neufeld JD, Mohn WW, de Lorenzo V. Composition of microbial communities in hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) contaminated soils from Spain revealed with a habitat-specific microarray. Environ Microbiol. 2006;8(1):126-140. DOI: 10.1111/j.1462-2920.2005.00875.x.Search in Google Scholar

[75] Fan G, Cang L, Qin W, Zhou C. Gomes HI, Zhou D. Surfactants-enhanced electrokinetic transport of xanthan gum stabilized nano Pd/Fe for the remediation of PCBs contaminated soils. Sep Purif Technol. 2013;114:64-72. DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2013.04.030.Search in Google Scholar

[76] Husseiny MI, El-Aziz MA, Badr Y, Mahmoud MA. Biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles using Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Spectrochim Acta Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2007;67:1003-1006. DOI: 10.1016/j.saa.2006.09.028.Search in Google Scholar

[77] Shin KH, Cha DK. Microbial reduction of nitrate in the presence of nanoscale zero-valent iron. Chemosphere. 2008;72(2):257-262. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.01.043.Search in Google Scholar

[78] Shan GB, Xing JM, Zhang HY, Liu HZ. Biodesulfurization of dibenzothiophene by microbial cells coated with magnetite nanoparticles. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2005;71:4497-4502. DOI: 10.1128/AEM.71.8.4497-4502.2005.Search in Google Scholar

[79] Hulkoti NI, Taranath TC. Biosynthesis of nanoparticles using microbes; a review. Colloid Surf B: 2014;121:474-483. DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2014.05.027.Search in Google Scholar

[80] Sharma NC, Sahi SV, Nath S, Parsons JG, Gardea-Torresdey JL, Pal T. Synthesis of plant-mediated gold nanoparticles and catalytic role of biomatrix-embedded nanomaterials. Environ Sci Technol. 2007;41(14):5137-5142. DOI: 10.1021/es062929a.Search in Google Scholar

[81] Beattie IR, Haverkamp RG. Silver and gold nanoparticles in plants: sites for the reduction to metal. Metallomics. 2011;3:628-632. DOI: 10.1039/c1mt00044f.Search in Google Scholar

[82] Zhang YX, Zheng J, Gao G, Kong YF, Zhi X, Wang K, et al. Biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles using chloroplasts. Int J Nanomed. 2011;6:2899-2906. DOI: 10.2147/IJN.S24785.Search in Google Scholar

[83] Liu R, Zhao D. Reducing leachability and bioaccessibility of lead in soils using a new class of stabilized iron phosphate nanoparticles. Water Res. 2007;41(12):2491-2502. DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2007.03.026.Search in Google Scholar

[84] Cameotra SS, Dhanjal S. Environmental nanotechnology: nanoparticles for bioremediation of toxic pollutants. Bioremed Technol. 2010;348-374. DOI: 10.1007/978-90-481-3678-0_13.Search in Google Scholar

[85] Baek KH, Yoon BD, Cho DH, Kim BH, Oh HM, Kim HS. Monitoring bacterial population dynamics using real-time PCR during the bioremediation of crude-oil contaminated soil. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2009;19:339-345. DOI: 10.4014/jmb.0807.423.Search in Google Scholar

[86] Jerez CA. Biomining microorganisms: molecular aspects and applications in biotechnology and bioremediation. In: Advances in Applied Bioremediation. Berlin: Springer; 2009:239-256. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-89621-0_13.Search in Google Scholar

[87] Paliwal V, Chande S, Purohit H. Integrated perspective for effective bioremediation. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2012:166:903-924. DOI 10.1007/s12010-011-9479-5.Search in Google Scholar

[88] Peijnenburg WJGM, Zablotskaja M, Vijver MG. Monitoring metals in terrestrial environments within a bioavailability framework and focus on soil extraction. Ecotoxicol Environ Safety. 2007;67(2):163-179. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2007.02.008.Search in Google Scholar

[89] Quevauviller P, editor. Methodologies for Soil and Sediment Fractionation Studies. Brussels, Belgium: Royal Society of Chemistry; 2002. DOI: 10.1039/9781847551412.Search in Google Scholar

[90] Seleznev AA, Yarmoshenko IV. Study of urban puddle sediments for understanding heavy metal pollution in an urban environment. Environ Technol Innov. 2014;1-2:1-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.eti.2014.08.001.Search in Google Scholar

[91] Mishra V, Lal R, Srinivasan S. Enzymes and operons mediating xenobiotic degradation in bacteria. Crit Rev Microbiol. 2001;27:133-166. DOI: 10.1080/20014091096729.Search in Google Scholar

[92] Sar P, Kazy SK, Singh SP. Intracellular nickel accumulation by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and its chemical nature. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2001;32(4):257-261. DOI: 10.1046/j.1472-765X.2001.00878.x.Search in Google Scholar

[93] Gupta VVSR, Dick RP, Coleman DC. Functional microbial ecology: Molecular approaches to microbial ecology and microbial habitats. Soil Biol Biochem. 2008;40:1269-1271. DOI: 10.1016/S0038-0717(08)00044-8.Search in Google Scholar

[94] Naranjo L, Urbinaa H, De Sistoa A, Leona V. Isolation of autochthonous non-white rot fungi with potential for enzymatic upgrading of Venezuelan extra-heavy crude oil. Biocatal Biotransform. 2007;25:341-349. DOI: 10.1080/10242420701379908.Search in Google Scholar

[95] Nielsen MN, Winding A. Microorganisms as indicators of soil heath. NERI Technical Report No. 388, Ministry of the Environment. National Environmental Research Institute. Denmark 2002. http://www.dmu.dk/1_viden/2_publikationer/3_fagrapporter/rapporter/FR388.pdf.Search in Google Scholar

[96] Steliga T, Jakubowicz P, Kapusta P. Optimisation research of petroleum hydrocarbons biodegradation in weathered drilling wastes from waste pits. Waste Manage Res. 2010;28(12):1065-1075. DOI: 10.1177/0734242X09351906.Search in Google Scholar

[97] Juvonen R, Martikainen E, Schultz E, Joutti A, Ahtiainen J, Lehtokaris M. A battery of toxicity tests as indicators of decont amination in composting oily waste. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2000;47:156-166.Search in Google Scholar

[98] Steliga T, Jakubowicz P, Kapusta P. Changes in toxicity during in situ bioremediation of weathered drill wastes contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons. Biores Technol. 2012;125:1-10. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2012.08.092.Search in Google Scholar

[99] Xu L, Teng Y, Li ZG, Norton JM, Luo YM. Enhanced removal of polychlorinated biphenyls from alfalfa rhizosphere soil in a field study: the impact of a rhizobial inoculums. Sci Total Environ. 2010;408:1007-1013. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.11.031.Search in Google Scholar

[100] Teng Y, Luo Y, Sun X, Tu C, Xu L, Liu W, et al. Influence of arbuscular mycorrhiza and rhizobium on phytoremediation by alfalfa of an agricultural soil contaminated with weathered PCBs: a field study. Int J Phytoremed. 2010;12:516-533. DOI: 10.1080/15226510903353120.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo