1. bookVolume 66 (2017): Issue 4 (December 2017)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2544-4646
First Published
04 Mar 1952
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

The Determination and Correlation of Various Virulence Genes, ESBL, Serum Bactericidal Effect and Biofilm Formation of Clinical Isolated Classical Klebsiella pneumoniae and Hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae from Respiratory Tract Infected Patients

Published Online: 04 Dec 2017
Volume & Issue: Volume 66 (2017) - Issue 4 (December 2017)
Page range: 501 - 508
Received: 02 Mar 2016
Accepted: 04 Apr 2017
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2544-4646
First Published
04 Mar 1952
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Klebsiella pneumoniae strains that are commonly recognized by clinicians and microbiologists are termed as classical K. pneumoniae (cKP). A strain with capsule-associated mucopolysaccharide web is known as hypervirulent K. pneumoniae (hvKP) as it enhances the serum resistant and biofilm production. Aim is to determine and correlate various virulence genes, ESBL, serum bactericidal effect and biofilm formation of clinical isolated cKP and hvKP from respiratory tract infected patients. A total of 96 K. pneumoniae strains were isolated from sputum of respiratory tract infected patients. The isolates were performed string test, AST, ESBL virulence gene, serum bactericidal and biofilm assays. Out of 96 isolates, 39 isolates (40.6%) were identified with hypervirulent phenotypes. The number of cKP exhibiting resistance to the tested antimicrobials and ESBLs were significantly higher than that of the hvKP strains. The virulence genes of K. pneumoniae such as K1, K2, rmpA, uge, kfu and aerobactin were strongly associated with hvKP than cKP. However, no significant difference was found in FIM-1 and MrKD3 genes. ESBL producing cKP and hvKP were significantly associated with strong biofilm formation (both P < 0.05) and highly associated with bactericidal effect of serum (both P < 0.05) than cKP strains. However, neither biofilm formation nor bactericidal effect of serum was found with significant difference in between ESBL producing cKP and ESBL producing hvKP strains (both P > 0.05). Although the hvKP possess more virulence gene, but they didn’t show any significant difference between biofilm formation and bactericidal effect of serum compared with ESBL producing cKP strains.

Keywords

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