This paper presents a deterministic and probabilistic solution of damping devices for the protection of the reinforced concrete structure of a nuclear power plant (NPP) from impact loads from a container of nuclear fuel of the type TK C30 drop. The finite element idealization of the building structure is used in space. The interaction soil-structure, as well as the fluid-structure of the deactivated basin is considered in space. A steel pipe damper system is proposed for the dissipation of the kinetic energy of the container in free fall. The Newmark integration method is used for the solution of the dynamic equations. The sensitivity and probabilistic analysis of the damping devices was realized using the AntHILL and ANSYS software.