1. bookVolume 46 (2010): Issue 1 (January 2010)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
10 Dec 2009
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Rhetorical Evaluation of Seventeenth Century Prefaces to English Treatises on Midwifery

Published Online: 21 Jan 2011
Page range: 17 - 34
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
10 Dec 2009
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

This study tries to offer a rhetorical account of the main arguments and figures encountered in 17th c. English prefaces, dealing with the art of midwifery and the delivery of children. I foreground a main causal argument wherein the author states the necessity for a treatise of this delicate nature and proposes the motives for its requirement. In doing so, some other reasonings support the causation and provide the reader with more evidence for a good performance at childbirth. In addition, the arguments are enhanced by the presence of some figures of communion that contribute to the rhetorical organisation, and help to portray the prologue as an expository discourse. The insistence on complying with the author's directions, and the urge not to follow some predecessors' work also suggests the new authority that the early modern English preface writer is acquiring.

Barret, Robert 1699 A companion for midwives, child-bearing women, and nurses.Search in Google Scholar

Chamberlain, Peter 1665 Midwifes practice: Or a guide for women in that high concern of conception, breeding and nursing children.Search in Google Scholar

Culpeper, Nich 1651 A directory for midwives: Or a guide for women, in their conception, bearing, and suckling their children.Search in Google Scholar

Rueff, James 1637 The expert midwife or an excellent and most necessary treatise of the generation and birth of man.Search in Google Scholar

Sermon, William 1671 The ladies companion or the English midwife.Search in Google Scholar

T. C. - I. D. - M. S. - T. B. 1656 The complete midwives practice, the most weighty and high concernments of the birth of man.Search in Google Scholar

Wolveridge, James 1669 Speculum matricis hybernicum: Or the Irish midwives handmaid.Search in Google Scholar

Britton, Bruce K. - John B. Black (eds.) 1985 Understanding expository text. A theoretical and practical handbook for analyzing expository text. Parts 1 and 2. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Search in Google Scholar

Dunn, Kevin 1994 Pretexts of authority: The rhetoric of authorship in the renaissance preface. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Evans, Ruth 1999 "An afterword on the prologue", in: Jocelyn Wogan-Browne - Nicholas Watson - Andrew Taylor - Ruth Evans (eds.), 371-378.Search in Google Scholar

Frogel, Shai 2004 "Philosophical argumentation: Logic and rhetoric", Argumentation 18/2: 171-88.Search in Google Scholar

Graff, Richard - Wendy Winn 2006 "Presenting ‘communion’ in Chaïm Perelman's New rhetoric", Philosophy and Rhetoric 39/1: 45-71.Search in Google Scholar

Harris, Randy 2008 "Cognitive dimensions of the universal audience", available at http://www.arts.uwaterloo.ca/~raha/Search in Google Scholar

Jost, Walter - Michael J. Hyde (eds.) 1997 Rhetoric and hermeneutics in our time: A reader. New Haven - London: Yale University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Liu, Yameng 1997 "Authority, presumption, and invention", Philosophy and Rhetoric 30/4: 413-427.Search in Google Scholar

Martínez-Dueñas Espejo, José Luis 2002 Retórica de la lengua inglesa. Granada: Comares.Search in Google Scholar

Meyer, Bonnie J. F. 1985a "Prose analysis: Purposes, procedures, and problems", in: Bruce K. Britton - John B. Black (eds.), 11-64.Search in Google Scholar

Meyer, Bonnie J. F. 1985b "Prose analysis: Purposes, procedures, and problems", in: Bruce K. Britton - John B. Black (eds.), 269-304.Search in Google Scholar

Olmsted, Wendy 1997 "The uses of rhetoric: Indeterminacy in legal reasoning, practical thinking, and the interpretation of literary figures" in: Walter Jost - Michael J. Hyde (eds.), 235-253.Search in Google Scholar

Perelman, Chaim - Lucie Olbrechts-Tyteca 1969 The new rhetoric. A treatise on argumentation. (Translated by John Wilkinson - Purcell Weaver.) Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame.Search in Google Scholar

Plantin, Christian 2009 "A place for figures of speech in argumentation theory", Argumentation 23/3: 325-337.Search in Google Scholar

Walton, Douglas 2005 "Justification of argumentation schemes", Australasian Journal of Logic 3: 1-13.Search in Google Scholar

Wogan-Browne, Jocelyn - Nicholas Watson - Andrew Taylor - Ruth Evans (eds.) 1999 The idea of the vernacular. An anthology of Middle English literary theory 1280-1520. Reed Hall: University of Exeter Press.Search in Google Scholar

Wright, Larry 2002 "Reasoning and explaining", Argumentation 16/1: 33-46.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo