1. bookVolume 9 (2010): Issue 2 (December 2010)
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eISSN
1854-9829
ISSN
1581-4661
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10 Jul 2007
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2 times per year
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English
access type Open Access

Oak forest vegetation in the northern part of the Štiavnické vrchy Mts (Central Slovakia)

Published Online: 10 Dec 2010
Volume & Issue: Volume 9 (2010) - Issue 2 (December 2010)
Page range: 221 - 238
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1854-9829
ISSN
1581-4661
First Published
10 Jul 2007
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Oak forest vegetation in the northern part of the Štiavnické vrchy Mts (Central Slovakia)

The phytosociological research of the oak forest vegetation was carried out in the northern part of the Štiavnické vrchy Mts (Central Slovakia) using the standard Zürich-Montpellier approach. The data set consisting of 41 phytosociological relevés was obtained by the authors in two vegetation seasons in 2008 and 2009. The numerical classification and the ordination methods were applied to determine the main vegetation types and to explain the structure of the vegetation-environmental data matrix, respectively. Four associations within two classes were distinguished: Luzulo albidae-Quercetum petraeae Hilitzer 1932, typical for shallow, mineral-poor and acidic soils, Melico uniflorae-Quercetum petraeae Gergely 1962 occuring on mesic stands with skeletal and deeper soils, Poo nemoralis-Quercetum dalechampii Šomšák et Háberová 1979 developing on moderately canopyopened stands in the submontane belt, Sorbo torminalis-Quercetum Svoboda ex Blažková 1962 growing on moderately acidic substrates in drier regions. The major environmental gradients responsible for variation in forest species composition was associated with soil nutrient and soil reaction following the Ellenberg indicator values as well as the measured environmental variables (C/N-ratio and soil acidity). Special attention was given to the discussion on species composition and site ecology.

Keywords

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