Open Access

New photocatalyst for decomposition of humic acids in photocatalysis and photo-Fenton processes


Humic acid Leonardite IHSS standard was decomposed on TiO2 and TiO2 modified by FeC2O4 via the photocatalysis and photo-Fenton processes under UV irradiation. Humic acid (HA) were favorable adsorbed on TiO2 surface and followed decomposition during UV irradiation faster on TiO2 than on the modified samples. However, when H2O2 was added to the solution, the photo-Fenton process occurred on the prepared TiO2 samples, contained iron together with photocatalysis and high acceleration of HA decomposition was observed. In this case the mineralization degree was much higher than in the applied photocatalysis only, around 75% HA (with concentration of 18 mg/L) was mineralized after 3 h of adsorption and 5 h of UV irradiation in the presence of H2O2 and modified TiO2 whereas on TiO2 mineralisation of HA occurred in around 45% only. The measured fluorescence spectra of HA solutions showed that in the presence of H2O2 polycyclic aromatics were rapidly oxidized to the lower size products such as alcohols, aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids, what accelerated the process of HA decomposition.

Publication timeframe:
4 times per year
Journal Subjects:
Industrial Chemistry, Biotechnology, Chemical Engineering, Process Engineering