Open Access

Utilization of Industrial Waste Products in the Production of Asphalt Concrete for Road Construction


The utilization of industrial waste products to produce asphalt concrete for road construction was investigated. Aggregates were partially replaced with aluminum slag (AS) and crushed ceramic tiles (CCT) at 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, and 50% by weight. Physical tests were performed on the aggregates, while a flash and fire point test as well as penetration tests were carried out on the bitumen. Similarly, Marshall stability tests were conducted on cylindrical specimens of the asphalt concrete. The average values of 18.88 and 30.69 obtained for the aggregate impact value (AIV) and aggregate crushing value (ACV) were satisfactory for road surfacing when compared with the specification. Marshall stability values of 10.84 KN, 4.27 KN, and 3.21 KN respectively were obtained with 30%, 20%, and 50% partial replacements with AS. The percentages were suitable for heavy, medium and light traffic when compared with the Marshall design criteria provided by the Asphalt Institute. The use of aluminum slag and crushed ceramic tile could reduce the large volume of industrial waste and the cost of pavement construction and maintenance.

Publication timeframe:
4 times per year
Journal Subjects:
Engineering, Introductions and Overviews, other