Open Access

Coupling Tank Model and Lars-Weather Generator in Assessments of the Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources


With the aim of assessing the impact of climate change on surface water resources, a conceptual rainfall-runoff model (the tank model) was coupled with LARS-WG as a weather generator model. The downscaled daily rainfall, temperature, and evaporation from LARS-WG under various IPCC climate change scenarios were used to simulate the runoff through the calibrated Tank model. A catchment (4648 ha) located in the southern basin of the Caspian Sea was chosen for this research study. The results showed that this model has a reasonable predictive capability in simulating minimum and maximum temperatures at a level of 99%, rainfall at a level of 93%, and radiation at a level of 97% under various scenarios in agreement with the observed data. Moreover, the results of the rainfall-runoff model indicated an increase in the flow rate of about 108% under the A1B scenario, 101% under the A2 scenario, and 93% under the B1 scenario over the 30-year time period of the discharge prediction.

Publication timeframe:
4 times per year
Journal Subjects:
Engineering, Introductions and Overviews, other