1. bookVolume 32 (2014): Issue 4 (December 2014)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2083-134X
First Published
16 Apr 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Combustion synthesis process for the rapid preparation of high-purity SrO powders

Published Online: 19 Dec 2014
Volume & Issue: Volume 32 (2014) - Issue 4 (December 2014)
Page range: 682 - 687
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2083-134X
First Published
16 Apr 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

A rapid, safe and simple technique for the production of high purity strontium oxide powders via a chemical combustion process is reported. The combustion reactions were performed to optimize the fuel to oxidizer ratios in the reaction mixtures required to obtain pure SrO powders by varying the molar ratio of chemical precursors and the temperature. The synthesized powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry, infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, and N2-physisorption measurements. The results indicate that crystalline SrO was obtained using a 1:1 strontium nitrate: urea molar ratio at 1000 °C after 5 minutes. In addition, high-purity, homogeneous and crystalline SrO powders were easily produced in a short time via a chemical combustion process.

Keywords

[1] Yu J., Guo H., Cheng B., J. Solid State Chem., 179 (2006), 800. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jssc.2005.12.00110.1016/j.jssc.2005.12.001Search in Google Scholar

[2] Li S., Zhang H., Xu J., Yang D., Mater. Lett., 59 (2005), 420. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2004.09.03710.1016/j.matlet.2004.09.037Search in Google Scholar

[3] Yoosuk B., Krasae P., Puttasawat B., Udomsap P., Viriya-Empikul N., Faungnawakij K., Chem. Eng. J., 162 (2010), 58. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2010.04.05710.1016/j.cej.2010.04.057Search in Google Scholar

[4] Joyce A.O., Strontium, Minerals Yearbook. Volume 1. Metals and Minerals, US, Bureau of Mines, 1992, 11323. Search in Google Scholar

[5] Ozuna O., Hirata G.A., Kittrick M.C., J. Phys.-Condens. Mat., 16 (2004), 2585. http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/16/15/01010.1088/0953-8984/16/15/010Search in Google Scholar

[6] Chandrappa K.G., Venkatesha T.V., Nayana K.O., Punithkumar M.K., Mater. Corros., 63 (2012), 445. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/maco.20100596610.1002/maco.201005966Search in Google Scholar

[7] Kingsley J.J., Pederson L.R., Mater. Lett., 18 (1993), 89. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0167-577X(93)90063-410.1016/0167-577X(93)90063-4Search in Google Scholar

[8] Chandran R.G., Patil K.C., Mater. Lett., 10 (1990), 291. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0167-577X(90)90035-K10.1016/0167-577X(90)90035-KSearch in Google Scholar

[9] Manoharan S.S., Patil K.C., J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 75 (1992), 1012. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1151-2916.1992.tb04177.x10.1111/j.1151-2916.1992.tb04177.xSearch in Google Scholar

[10] Li F., Hu, J. L., Zhang L.D., Chen G., J. Nucl. Mater., 300 (2002), 82. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3115(01)00710-310.1016/S0022-3115(01)00710-3Search in Google Scholar

[11] Patil K.C., Aruna S.T., Mimami T., Curr. Opin. Solid St. M., 6(6) (2002), 507. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1359-0286(02)00123-710.1016/S1359-0286(02)00123-7Search in Google Scholar

[12] Biamino S., Badini C., J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 24 (2004), 3021. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2003.10.00510.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2003.10.005Search in Google Scholar

[13] Chick L.A., Pederson L.R., Maupin G.D., Bates J.L., Thomas L.E., Exarhos G.H., Mater. Lett., 10 (1990), 6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0167-577X(90)90003-510.1016/0167-577X(90)90003-5Search in Google Scholar

[14] Sharma S.K., Pitale S.S., Malik P.M., Dubey R.N., Qureshi M.S., Ojha S., Physica B, 405 (2010), 866. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physb.2009.10.00510.1016/j.physb.2009.10.005Search in Google Scholar

[15] Granados-Correa F., Bonifacio-Martínez J., Lara V.H., Bosch P., Bulbulian S., Appl. Surf. Sci., 254 (2008), 4688. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2008.01.07410.1016/j.apsusc.2008.01.074Search in Google Scholar

[16] Alvarado-Ibarra Y., Granados-Correa F., Lara V.H., Bosch P., Bulbulian S., Colloid. Surface A, 345 (2009), 135. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2009.04.04510.1016/j.colsurfa.2009.04.045Search in Google Scholar

[17] Granados-Correa F., Jiménez-Reyes M., Sep. Sci. Technol., 46 (2011), 2360. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01496395.2011.59575410.1080/01496395.2011.595754Search in Google Scholar

[18] Medine G.M., Klabunde K.J., Zaikovskii V., J. Nanopart. Res., 4 (2002), 357. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:102116892790810.1023/A:1021168927908Search in Google Scholar

[19] Mathews T., Subasri R., Sreedharan O.M., Solid State Ionics, 148 (2002), 135. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0167-2738(02)00105-410.1016/S0167-2738(02)00105-4Search in Google Scholar

[20] Cruz D., Pfeiffer H., Bulbulian S., Solid State Sci., 8 (2006), 470. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solidstatesciences.2006.01.00310.1016/j.solidstatesciences.2006.01.003Search in Google Scholar

[21] Campbell P.F., Ortner M.H., Anderson C., Anal. Chem., 33 (1961), 58. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac60169a01610.1021/ac60169a016Search in Google Scholar

[22] Sahu R.K., Ray A.K., Das S.K., Kailath A.J., Pathak L.C., J. Mater. Res., 21 (2006), 1664. http://dx.doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2006.021110.1557/jmr.2006.0211Search in Google Scholar

[23] Lowell S., Introduction to Powder Surface Area, Interscience Publishers, Toronto, Canada, 1979. Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo