1. bookVolume 30 (2012): Issue 4 (December 2012)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2083-134X
ISSN
2083-1331
First Published
16 Apr 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Possibility of decreasing the activation energy of resistivity of mullite by doping with nickel ion

Published Online: 14 Dec 2012
Volume & Issue: Volume 30 (2012) - Issue 4 (December 2012)
Page range: 406 - 413
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2083-134X
ISSN
2083-1331
First Published
16 Apr 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Monophasic mullite samples doped with 0.002 M, 0.02 M, 0.1 M, 0.15 M and 0.2 M of NiCl2 were prepared via sol-gel technique. The prepared gels were dried, grinded, pressed into pellets and sintered at 400 °C, 800 °C, 1000 °C and 1300 °C. The electrical resistivity and activation energy of the composites have been measured and the variation of resistivity with concentration of the nickel ion doping has been investigated. The resistivity decreases with the concentration of nickel ions. X-ray analysis confirms the presence of Ni2+ ions in mullite. The Ni2+ ion, which substitutes Al3+ ion in the octahedral site of mullite structure, can be considered as an efficient factor in reducing the resistivity. The mullite unit cell parameters suggest predominant incorporation of NiCl2 in a glassy phase. The lowest activation energy of resistivity (E act) that was achieved is 1.22 eV at 0.02 M.

Keywords

[1] Schreuer J., Hildmann B., Schneider H., J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 89 (2006), 1624. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-2916.2006.00921.x10.1111/j.1551-2916.2006.00921.xSearch in Google Scholar

[2] Perera D.S., Allott G., J. Mater. Sci. Lett., 4 (1985), 1270. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF0072347810.1007/BF00723478Search in Google Scholar

[3] Mizuno M., Saito H., J. Am.Ceram. Soc., 72 (1989), 377. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1151-2916.1989.tb06139.x10.1111/j.1151-2916.1989.tb06139.xSearch in Google Scholar

[4] Aksay I.A., Dabbs D.M., Sarikaya M., J. Am.Ceram. Soc., 74 (1991), 2343. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1151-2916.1991.tb06768.x10.1111/j.1151-2916.1991.tb06768.xSearch in Google Scholar

[5] Schneider H., Schreuer J., Hildmann B., J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 28 (2008), 329. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2007.03.01710.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2007.03.017Search in Google Scholar

[6] Rahman S., Freiman S., “The real structure of mullite” in: Schneider H., Komarneni S. (eds) Mullite. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim (2005). Search in Google Scholar

[7] Schmucker M., Schneider H., “Mullite-type gels and glasses”, in: Schneider H., Komarneni S. (eds) Mullite. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim (2005). Search in Google Scholar

[8] Davis R.F., Pask J.A., Somiya S., J. Am. Ceram. Soc., Westerville (1990). Search in Google Scholar

[9] Vol’khin V.V., Kazakova I.L., Pongratz P., Halwax E., Inorg. Mater., 36 (2000), 375. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF0275808410.1007/BF02758084Search in Google Scholar

[10] Chen Y.F., Wang M.C., Hon M.H., J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 24 (2004), 2389. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0955-2219(03)00631-910.1016/S0955-2219(03)00631-9Search in Google Scholar

[11] Sahnoune F., Chegaar M., Saheb N., Goeuriot P., Valdivieso F., Appl. Clay Sci., 38 (2008), 304. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2007.04.01310.1016/j.clay.2007.04.013Search in Google Scholar

[12] Pascual J., Zapatero J., J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 83 (2000), 2677. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1151-2916.2000.tb01614.x10.1111/j.1151-2916.2000.tb01614.xSearch in Google Scholar

[13] Tang Y.F., Ling Z.D., Lu Y.N., Li A.D., Ling H.Q., Wang Y.J., Shao Q.Y., Mater. Chem. Phys., 75 (2002), 265. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0254-0584(02)00074-310.1016/S0254-0584(02)00074-3Search in Google Scholar

[14] Viswabaskaran V., Gnanama Fd., Balasubramanian M., Ceram. Int., 28 (2002), 557. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0272-8842(02)00010-X10.1016/S0272-8842(02)00010-XSearch in Google Scholar

[15] Viswabaskaran V., Gnanama Fd., Balasubramanian M., Ceram. Int., 29 (2003), 561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0272-8842(02)00203-110.1016/S0272-8842(02)00203-1Search in Google Scholar

[16] Viswabaskaran V., Gnanama Fd., Balasubramanian M., Appl. Clay Sci., 25 (2004), 29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2003.08.00110.1016/j.clay.2003.08.001Search in Google Scholar

[17] Bagchi B., Das S., Bhattacharya A., Basu R., Nandy P., J. Sol-Gel. Sci. Technol., 55 (2010), 135. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10971-010-2225-610.1007/s10971-010-2225-6Search in Google Scholar

[18] Ore’efice R.L., Vasconselos W.L., J. Sol-Gel. Sci. Technol., 9 (1997), 239. 10.1007/BF02437187Search in Google Scholar

[19] Martisius T., Giraitis R., J. Mater. Chem., 13 (2002), 121. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b206711k10.1039/B206711KSearch in Google Scholar

[20] Torecillas R., Aza S., Moya S.J., Epicier T., Fantozzi G., J. Mat. Sci. Lett., 9 (1990), 1400. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF0072159610.1007/BF00721596Search in Google Scholar

[21] Imose M., Takano Y., Yoshinaka M., Hirota Yamaguchi K.O., J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 81 (1998), 1537. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1151-2916.1998.tb02513.x10.1111/j.1151-2916.1998.tb02513.xSearch in Google Scholar

[22] Kong B.L., Zhang S.T., Ma J., Boey F., J. Alloys. Compd., 359 (2003), 292. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0925-8388(03)00193-210.1016/S0925-8388(03)00193-2Search in Google Scholar

[23] Bagchi B., Das S., Bhattacharya A., Basu R., Nandy P., J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 92 (2009), 748. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-2916.2008.02910.x10.1111/j.1551-2916.2008.02910.xSearch in Google Scholar

[24] Esharghawi A., Penot C., Nardou F., J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 29 (2009), 31. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2008.05.03610.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2008.05.036Search in Google Scholar

[25] Chaudhuri S.P., Patra S.K., Chakraborty A.K., 19 (1999), 2941. 10.1016/S0955-2219(99)00058-8Search in Google Scholar

[26] Kurajica S., Tkalcec E., Schmauch J., J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 27 (2007), 951. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2006.04.12710.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2006.04.127Search in Google Scholar

[27] Kong L.B., Zhang T.S., Ma J., Boey F., J. Eur.Ceram. Soc., 23 (2003), 2247. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0955-2219(03)00048-710.1016/S0955-2219(03)00048-7Search in Google Scholar

[28] Ferreira Da Silva Mg., J. Sol-Gel. Sci. Technol., 13 (1998), 987. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:100865212989010.1023/A:1008652129890Search in Google Scholar

[29] Baranwal R., Villar M.P., Garcia R., Laine R.M., J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 84 (2001), 951. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1151-2916.2001.tb00774.x10.1111/j.1151-2916.2001.tb00774.xSearch in Google Scholar

[30] Weizhong L., Qiu Q., Wang F., Wei S., Liu B., Luo Z., Ultrasonic Sonochemistry, 17 (2010), 793. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2010.01.01810.1016/j.ultsonch.2010.01.01820211574Search in Google Scholar

[31] Tkalcec E., Kurajica S., Schmauch J., J. Non-Cryst. Sol., 353, (2007), 2837. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2007.06.01110.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2007.06.011Search in Google Scholar

[32] Murthy M.K., Hummel F.A., J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 43 (1960), 267. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1151-2916.1960.tb14595.x10.1111/j.1151-2916.1960.tb14595.xSearch in Google Scholar

[33] Cameron W.E., Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull., 56 (1977), 1003. Search in Google Scholar

[34] Roy D., Bagchi B., Das S., Nandy P., J. Electroceramics, 4 (2012), 261. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10832-012-9725-410.1007/s10832-012-9725-4Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo