1. bookVolume 41 (2014): Issue 1 (March 2014)
Journal Details
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Format
Journal
eISSN
1897-1695
First Published
04 Jul 2007
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1 time per year
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English
access type Open Access

Thermoluminescence age of quartz xenocrysts in basaltic lava from Oninomi monogenetic volcano, northern Kyushu, Japan

Published Online: 20 Dec 2013
Volume & Issue: Volume 41 (2014) - Issue 1 (March 2014)
Page range: 30 - 35
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1897-1695
First Published
04 Jul 2007
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
Abstract

We determined the eruption age of basaltic rocks by application of thermoluminescence (TL) method, which is often used for TL dating, to quartz. Mafic magma only rarely includes quartz because of their mutual disequilibration. The basaltic lavas reported herein include quartz as xenocrysts, as corroborated by their rounded or anhedral shape.

The basaltic lava used for this study is from the Oninomi monogenetic volcano in northern Kyushu, Japan. The volcano eruption was estimated as occurring 7.3–29 ka because the lava exists between two widespread tephras: Aira-Tanzawa ash (26–29 ka) and Kikai-Akahoya ash (7.3 ka). We succeed-ed in collecting ca. 200 mg of quartz by decomposition of 30 kg of the lava samples. TL measurements for the lava indicate the eruption age as 15.8 ± 2.5 ka, which is fairly consistent with the stratigraphical estimation. Although the TL method has played a considerable part in constraining the timescale of Quaternary events, its application has been limited to silicic samples. The present result demonstrates the availability of quartz for dating even of mafic rock.

Keywords

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