This work is devoted to developing an energy-efficient solution for the external wall and evaluating its environmental impact. Several types of innovative single-layer and sandwich-type wall solutions were analysed and compared. Different constructive and thermal insulation materials were used, including traditional wall materials such as AAC (autoclaved aerated concrete) and normal concrete. Advanced materials, such as high-performance foamed concrete (HPFC) and natural biofibre composites, have been evaluated as an alternative solution. Ultra-light foam concrete was applied as an alternative for polymer-based insulation. The next development was sandwich three-layer wall constructions consisting of foam concrete and natural biofibre composites. A prototype of a wall panel was elaborated with outer layers of high-density bio-composite and a middle layer of high porosity hemp composite. Basic properties of sandwich blocks, such as density and thermal conductivity, were evaluated and compared. The environmental impact of the studied wall systems was analysed using a life-cycle assessment (LCA) to assess carbon dioxide emissions during the production phase of the material. The results show that replacing traditional insulation with bio-based materials has greatly reduced the negative environmental impact of the wall elements. A combination of natural fibre bio-composite and mineral insulating foam makes it possible to obtain an eco-friendly and sustainable sandwich-type wall system.

Publication timeframe:
2 times per year
Journal Subjects:
Life Sciences, other