1. bookVolume 29 (2021): Issue 4 (October 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
08 Aug 2013
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

VEGF-C and podoplanin, as biomarkers of sepsis. An experimental study

Published Online: 22 Oct 2021
Page range: 403 - 412
Received: 01 Sep 2021
Accepted: 27 Sep 2021
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
08 Aug 2013
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Background: Sepsis is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in intensive care units. This study explored the possible role of vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) and podoplanin (PDPN) in sepsis.

Methods: 22 Wistar rats were divided into three groups: two experimental (Group A and B, n=8/8) and a control (Group C, n=6). Sepsis was induced with intraperitoneal injection of ESBL (extended-spectrum beta-lactamases)-producing E-coli live bacteria for group A and with lipopolysaccharide for group B. Sterile saline solution was injected for group C. Blood samples were collected after 24 hours to determine the serum level of VEGF-C, and PDPN expression was examined in liver, kidney, and lung tissues. Bacteremia was assessed for group A.

Results: Higher serum levels of VEGF-C were found in Group A vs C (p=0.05) and group B vs. C (p=0.004), respectively.VEGF-C was also increased in animals with negative- vs. positive blood cultures from group A (p=0.04) and from group B vs. those with positive blood cultures from group A (p=0.03). High intensity of PDPN tissue expression was observed in the pulmonary alveolocytes from Group A and epithelium of the proximal renal tubules in groups B and C, compared to group A.

Conclusions: Circulating VEGF-C can be succesfuly used as a biomarker of sepsis with negative blood cultures and high risk of renal failure, whereas PDPN seems to exert a protective role against lung injuries in live bacteria-induced sepsis.

Keywords

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