Background: The risk for worse outcomes of COVID-19 (Coronavirus 2019 disease) is higher in patients with cardiac conditions. In this study, we aim to investigate the risks of COVID-19-induced conditions in cases with underlying heart failure.

Methods: We systematically searched PubMed, Scopus, Ovid, ProQuest, Web of Science, and the Cochrane library, to collect the English language articles that investigated patients with underlying heart failure who get infected by COVID-19. The second version of comprehensive meta-analysis (CMA.2) software was used to conduct the meta-analysis.

Results: From 5997 publications, our eligibility criteria were met by 27 studies. Overall, outcomes investigated in all studies include but are not limited to mortality rate, length of hospitalization, need for Intensive care unit (ICU) admission, need for mechanical ventilation, and major cardiovascular conditions. Regarding mortality heart failure patients were more susceptible to death (OR:2.570, 95%CI: 2.085 to 3.169; p-value:<0.001). Also in heart failure patients, the risk of mechanical ventilation was higher (OR:1.707, 95%CI: 1.113 to 2.617; p-value: 0.014).

Conclusion: Pre-existing heart failure is associated with the increased risk of mortality and the need for mechanical ventilation while getting infected with COVID-19. Finding an answer to determine the risk of hospitalization, length of stay, readmission rate, and multiorgan failure is necessary for further development of preventive care and making a plan for providing optimal healthcare facilities for these patients.

Publication timeframe:
4 times per year
Journal Subjects:
Medicine, Clinical Medicine, Internal Medicine, other, Cardiology, Gastroenterology, Rheumatology