1. bookVolume 59 (2021): Issue 3 (September 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
30 Mar 2015
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Unmet needs in the diagnosis and treatment of Romanian patients with bilio-pancreatic tumors: results of a prospective observational multicentric study

Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
30 Mar 2015
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Background. Biliopancreatic tumors (BPT) are among the most aggressive solid malignancies, and their incidence is rising. Good patient outcome relies heavily on a multidisciplinary approach to therapy, including timely access to endoscopy, surgery and chemo/radiotherapy. We aimed to evaluate current practices as reflected in the management and outcome of patients diagnosed with BPT in the setting of a low-resource medical system in order to identify areas suitable for improvement.

Material and methods. We conducted a prospective observational study of patients with pancreatic cancers and extrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas evaluated in 4 referral centers in Romania. We collected data on the pathology of the tumors, staging at diagnosis, ECOG status, surgical interventions, chemo/radiotherapy and endoscopic drainage where applicable. A telephonic follow-up visit at 3 months after the enrollment visit collected additional data regarding evolution, subsequent treatment, performance status and disease-related events and outcomes.

Results and conclusions. One hundred seventy-two patients were included in the study during a one-year period at the four participating centers. 72.1% were diagnosed with pancreatic cancer while 27.9% had extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. We identified several unmet needs in the current practices of treatment for these malignancies: a lack of pathological confirmation in 25.6% of the cases, a very low percentage of resectable lesions (only 18% of the patients operated with curative intent), and suboptimal choice of drainage in patients who required palliative drainage at their first endoscopic intervention. Significant effort is required to ensure standard-of-care treatment for patient with BPT in low-resource medical systems, including comprehensive auditing and protocol surveillance.

Keywords

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