1. bookVolume 30 (2022): Issue 1 (March 2022)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2300-5289
First Published
16 May 2013
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Building and Biologically Active area Indices in Developers’ Investments – Theory and Practice

Published Online: 17 Mar 2022
Volume & Issue: Volume 30 (2022) - Issue 1 (March 2022)
Page range: 53 - 64
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2300-5289
First Published
16 May 2013
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Development activity in Poland is regulated by many legal provisions, but one of the most important acts for the implementation of developers’ projects is the Act of March 27, 2003 on spatial planning and development. The Act includes, among others, procedures for the preparation and scope of local spatial development plans. One of the parameters significant from the point of view of housing development which these plans define is the minimum and maximum intensity of development and the percentage of biologically active space that should be preserved on a property covered by the investment project. The article adopts two research goals. Firstly, it is an attempt to verify, using examples of selected developers, whether they, as profit-oriented entities, decide to develop the property as much as possible or to keep more undeveloped space, which is a more desirable phenomenon from the environmental point of view. Secondly, an attempt will be made to determine how developers in Poland create a biologically active surface in their projects. Based on desk research, it was found that, among the discussed cases, there is no evident tendency to maximize the permissible built-up areas and the created biologically active areas are sparse and not diversified.

Keywords

JEL Classification

Addae-Dapaah, K., Hiang, L. K., & Sharon, N. Y. S. (2009). Sustainability of Sustainable Real Property Development.m. Journal of Sustainable Real Estate, 1(1), 203–225. https://doi.org/10.1080/10835547.2009.1209178110.1080/10835547.2009.12091781 Search in Google Scholar

Antczak, A. (2014). Aktywność polskich deweloperów w zakresie zielonego budownictwa na rynku mieszkaniowym (Activity of Polish developers in the field of green construction on the housing market). Zarządzanie i Finanse Journal of Management and Finance, 12(4), 51–66. Search in Google Scholar

Antczak-Stępniak, A. (2020). Location tendencies in developer investments in the residential market in Łódź. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-Economic Series, 47, 133–144. https://doi.org/10.2478/bog-2020-000810.2478/bog-2020-0008 Search in Google Scholar

Baimyrzaeva, M. (2018). Beginners’ Guide for Applied Research Process: What Is It, and Why and How to Do It? Occasional Paper 4, University of Central Asia. Search in Google Scholar

Bakay, E. (2012). The role of housing estates’ green surfaces in forming the city climate of Budapest. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 10(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.15666/aeer/1001_00101610.15666/aeer/1001_001016 Search in Google Scholar

Bąk, J., & Królikowska, J. (2019). Current Status and Possibilities of Implementing Green Walls for Adaptation to Climate Change of Urban Areas on the Example of Krakow. Rocznik Ochrona Srodowiska, 21, 1263–1278. Search in Google Scholar

Bauer, R., Eichholtz, P., Kok, N., & Quigley, J. M. (2011). How Green is Your Property Portfolio? The Global Real Estate Sustainability Benchmark. Rotman International Journal of Pension Management, 4(1), 34–44. Search in Google Scholar

Bożętka, B. (2009). Remarks on Contemporary anthropogenic Threats for Urban Greenery in Poland. Contemporary Problems of Management and Environmental Protection, 3, 143–162. Search in Google Scholar

Dąbrowska-Milewska, G. (2010). Standardy urbanistyczne jako narzędzie racjonalnej gospodarki terenami w mieście (Urban standards as a tool for rational land management in the city). CzasopismoTechniczne: Architektura, 107(14), 17–24. Search in Google Scholar

Feltynowski, M. (2015). Land-Use Planning and Satellite Imagery Used for Green Areas Protection – Case Study of the City of Łódź, Poland. Folia Oeconomica Stetinensia, 15(2), 128–143, https://doi.org/10.1515/foli-2015-004010.1515/foli-2015-0040 Search in Google Scholar

Friedman, A. (2015). Design strategies for Integration of Green Roofs in Sustainable Housing. VITRUVIO - International Journal of Architectural Technology and Sustainability, 1, 57-65.https://doi.org/10.4995/vitruvio-ijats.2015.4475.10.4995/vitruvio-ijats.2015.4475 Search in Google Scholar

Garel, L., & Ramalho, T. (2020). Participatory Incremental Urban Planning. A Toolbox to support local governments in developing countries to implement the New Urban Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals. United Nations Human Settlements Programme. Search in Google Scholar

Gwiazdowicz, M. (2010). Kryzys gospodarki przestrzennej (The crisis of the spatial economy). Biuro Analiz Sejmowych, 3 (73). Search in Google Scholar

Hague, P. (1988). A Practical Guide to Market Research, on: https://www.b2binternational.com/publications/practical-market-research/, (accessed: 10.04.2020). Search in Google Scholar

Hulicka, A. (2015). Miasto zielone. Miasto zrównoważone. Sposoby kształtowania miejskich terenów zieleni w nawiązaniu do idei Green city (Green city. A sustainable city. Ways of shaping urban green areas in relation to the idea of Green city). Prace Geograficzne, 141, 73–85. https://doi.org/10.4467/20833113PG.15.010.4062 Search in Google Scholar

Kibert, N., & Kibert, Ch. (2009). History and Status of Sustainable Development. In J. E. Furr, (Eds.), Green Building and Sustainable Development: The Practical Legal Guide. American Bar Association. Search in Google Scholar

Maciejewska, A., & Krygielska, B. (2011). Rola i znaczenie przestrzeni biologicznie czynnych (przykład Miasta Stołecznego Warszawy) (The role and importance of biologically active spaces (example of the City of Warsaw)). Studia Komitetu Przestrzennego Zagospodarowania Kraju, 142, 89–99. Search in Google Scholar

Mądry, T., & Słysz, K. (2011). Powierzchnie biologicznie czynne w planowaniu przestrzennym miast (Biologicallyactive areas in urban spatial planning). Problemy Rozwoju Miast, 3-4, 93–104. Search in Google Scholar

Medeiros, E., & van der Zwet, A. (2020). Sustainable and Integrated Urban Planning and Governance in Metropolitan and Medium-Sized Cities. Sustainability 12(15), 5976. https://doi.org/10.3390/su1215597610.3390/su12155976 Search in Google Scholar

Mees, H.-L. P., & Driessen, P. P. J. (2011). Adaptation to climate change in urban areas:Climate-greening London, Rotterdam, andToronto. Climate Law, 2, 251–280. https://doi.org/10.1163/CL-2011-03610.1163/CL-2011-036 Search in Google Scholar

National Strategy of Regional Development 2010-2020, after: Jopek, D. (2018). Water in the city. The development of permeable surfaces in urban areas. E3S Web of Conferences 45, 00109, 3.10.1051/e3sconf/20184500109 Search in Google Scholar

Rozporządzenie Ministra Infrastruktury z dnia 12 kwietnia 2002 roku w sprawie warunków technicznych, jakim powinny odpowiadać budynki i ich usytuowanie, Dz. U. z 2015 roku, poz. 1422. (Regulation of the Minister of Infrastructure of 12 April 2002 on technical conditions to be met by buildings and their location, Journal of Laws, 2015, item 1422). Search in Google Scholar

Sivadasan, R., & Basiruddin, R. (2019). Green Housing Development: Is it Really Sustainable? International Journal of Academic Research in Business & Social Sciences, 9(12), 431–444. Search in Google Scholar

Starch, D. (1923). Research Methods in Advertising. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 110, 139–143. https://doi.org/10.1177/00027162231100011410.1177/000271622311000114 Search in Google Scholar

Szczepański, P., &Mrozik, K. (2014). Wskaźnik powierzchni biologicznie czynnej jako narzędzie równoważenia struktury przestrzennej gminy miejskiej Luboń (Biologically active area index as a tool for balancing the spatial structure of the municipal commune of Luboń). Prace Naukowe Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu, 339, 220-228.DOI: 10.15611/pn.2014.339.20.10.15611/pn.2014.339.20 Search in Google Scholar

Uchwała nr XLVIII/1228/17 Rady Miejskiej w Łodzi z dnia 10 maja 2017 r. w sprawie uchwalenia miejscowego planu zagospodarowania przestrzennego dla części obszaru miasta Łodzi położonej w rejonie alei: Tadeusza Kościuszki i Adama Mickiewicza oraz ulic: Andrzeja Struga i Piotrkowskiej (Resolution No. XLVIII/1228/17 of the City Council in Łódź of May 10, 2017 on the adoption of a local spatial development plan for the part of the city of Łódź located in the area of Tadeusz Kościuszko and Adam Mickiewicz avenues and Andrzeja Struga and Piotrkowska streets) Search in Google Scholar

Ustawa z dnia 27 marca 2003 roku o planowaniu i zagospodarowaniu przestrzennym, Dz.U. z 2020, poz. 1086. (Act of 27 March 2003 on spatial planning and development, Journal of Laws, 2020, item 1086). Search in Google Scholar

Ustawa z dnia 27 kwietnia 2001 roku Prawo ochrony środowiska, Dz.U. z 2020, poz. 1219. (Act of 27 April 2001 Environmental Protection Law, Journal of Laws, 2020, item 1219) Search in Google Scholar

Velazquez, L.S. (2005): Organic Greenroof Architecture: Sustainable Design for the New Millennium, Environmental Quality Management, 14(4), 73-85. https://doi.org/10.1002/tqem.20059.10.1002/tqem.20059 Search in Google Scholar

World Commission on Environment and Development (1987): Our Common Future, Report United Nations. Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo