1. bookVolume 20 (2020): Issue 1 (April 2020)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2501-238X
First Published
16 Apr 2016
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

1. Methods of Individual Creativity Stimulation

Published Online: 08 May 2020
Volume & Issue: Volume 20 (2020) - Issue 1 (April 2020)
Page range: 243 - 255
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2501-238X
First Published
16 Apr 2016
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The concept of communication is a notorious one but at the same time, difficult to define precisely. However, many researchers recognize a number of attributes as easy to define and interpret. In this paper we will carry out a detailed analysis of each of these components of the basic model of communication (Hargie, O., Dickson, D. 2004, Dickson, 2001, Hargie and Tourish, 1999, Dickson et al., 1997). Interpersonal communication is a transactional, intentional, multidimensional, irreversible and (possibly) inevitable process. It is strictly determined by factors such as the situational context of the person, cognitive, affective or temporal elements. The participants in the communication carry and reflect the whole personal “baggage”, of which the accumulated knowledge and experiences, motives, interests, values, emotions, attitudes, expectations and personal dispositions are part. To these are added the self-image, the beliefs about one’s own abilities to succeed (self-efficacy). All these elements will determine the kind of meetings planned, the objectives selected, the persistence in achieving them, as well as the anticipation of possible rewards. Effective interpersonal involvement can be interpreted in terms of concepts such as: person-context, goals, mediation processes, responses, feedback and perception. We can think of spatial, temporal, relational and sometimes organizational frameworks in which the communication process is incorporated. The personal characteristics of the participants, together with the specifics of the situation, act to model the interaction. Also, the objectives pursued are determined by personal and situational factors. The plans and strategies for their realization come from the mediation processes and the strategy adopted accordingly, is reflected in the manifested answers, in behavioral and decision choices.

Keywords

1. Argyle, M. (1995). Social skills, in N. Mackintosh and A. Colman (eds) Learning and skills, London: Longman.Search in Google Scholar

2. Argyle, M., Furnham, A. and Graham, J. (1981). Social situations, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9780511558283Search in Google Scholar

3. Aronson, E. (1999). The social animal (8th edn), New York: W.H. Freeman.Search in Google Scholar

4. Andersen, P. and Guerrero, L. (1998). Principles of communication and emotion in social interaction, in P. Andersen and L. Guerrero (eds) Handbook of communication and emotion: research, theory, applications, and contexts, San Diego: Academic Press.Search in Google Scholar

5. Augoustinos, M. and Walker, I. (1995). Social cognition, London: Sage.Search in Google Scholar

6. Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: the exercise of control, New York: W.H. Freeman.Search in Google Scholar

7. Berger, C. (1995). A planbased approach to strategic communication, in D. Hewes (ed.) The cognitive basis of interpersonal communication, Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Search in Google Scholar

8. Bless, H. (2001). The consequences of mood on the processing of social information, in A. Tesser and N. Schwarz (eds) Blackwell handbook of social psychology: intraindividual processes, Malden, MA: Blackwell.Search in Google Scholar

9. Carver, C. and Scheier, M. (2000). On the structure of behavioral selfregulation, in M. Boekaerts, P. Pintrich and M. Zeidner (eds) Handbook of selfregulation, San Diego: Academic Press.Search in Google Scholar

10. Dickson, D. (2001). Communication skill and health care delivery, in D. Sines, F. Appleby and B. Raymond (eds) Community health care nursing (2nd edn), London: Blackwell Science.Search in Google Scholar

11. Dickson, D., Hargie, O. and Morrow, N. (1997). Communication skills training for health professionals (2nd edn), London: Chapman and Hall.Search in Google Scholar

12. Fiedler, K. and Bless, H. (2001). Social cognitio, in M. Hewstone and W. Stroebe (eds) Introduction to social psychology (3rd edn), Oxford: Blackwell. Greene, J. (1995.An action/assembly perspective on verbal and nonverbal message production: a dancer’s message unveiled, in D. Hewes (e) The cognitive basis of interpersonal communication, Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Search in Google Scholar

13. Hanna, M.S. and Wilson, G.L. (1998). Communicating in business and professional settings (4th ed), New York: McGraw-Hill.Search in Google Scholar

14. Hargie, O. and Tourish, D. (1999). The psychology of interpersonal skill, in A. Memon and R. Bull (eds) Handbook of the psychology of interviewing, Chichester: Wiley.Search in Google Scholar

15. Hargie, O. (1997). Interpersonal communication: a theoretical framework, in O. Hargie (ed.) The handbook of communication skills (2nd edn), London: Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

16. Hargie Owen & David Dickson. (2004). Skilled interpersonal communication: research, theory, and practice. Edition: 4th. Publisher: Routledge, London.Search in Google Scholar

17. Heine, S. J., & Renshaw, K. (2002). Interjudge agreement, selfenhancement, and liking: Cross-culturaldivergenses. Personality and Social Psychological Bulletin, 28, 442–451.Search in Google Scholar

18. Hartley, P. (1999). Interpersonal communication (2nd edn), London: Routledge. Jordan, J. (1998).Executive cognitive control in communication: extending plan based theory, Human Communication Research 25:5-38.Search in Google Scholar

19. Kaya, N. and Erkip, F. (1999). Invasion of personal space under the condition of shortterm crowding: a case study on an automatic teller machine, Journal of Environmental Psychology 19:183-9.10.1006/jevp.1999.0125Search in Google Scholar

20. Knapp,M. and Miller,G. (eds)(1997). Handbook of interpersonal communication (2nd edn), Thousand Oaks: Sage.Search in Google Scholar

21. Maes, S. and Gebhardt, W. (2000). Selfregulation and health behaviour: the Health Behaviour Goal model, in M. Boekaerts, P. Pintrich and M. Zeidner (eds) Handbook of self-regulation, San Diego: Academic Press.Search in Google Scholar

22. Miller, L., Cody, M. and McLaughlin, M. (1994). Situations and goals as fundamental constructs in interpersonal communication research, in M. Knapp and G. Miller (eds) Handbook of interpersonal communication skills (2nd edn), Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Search in Google Scholar

23. Nelson-Jones, R. (1988). Practical councelling and helping skills, Cassel, London. Oakes, P., Haslam, A. and Turner, J. (1994). Stereotypes and social reality, Oxford: Blackwell.Search in Google Scholar

24. Oettingen, G. and Gollwitzer, P. (2001). Goal setting and goal striving, in A. Tesser and N. Schwarz (eds) Handbook of social psychology: intraindividual processes, Malden, MA: BlackwellSearch in Google Scholar

26. Pervin, L. (1978). Definitions, measurements and classifications of stimuli, situations and environments, Human Ecology 6:71-105.10.1007/BF00888567Search in Google Scholar

27. Ryan, R. and Deci, E. (1996). When paradigms clash; comments on Cameron and Pierce’s claim that rewards do not undermine intrinsic motivation, Review of Educational Research 66:33-8.10.3102/00346543066001033Search in Google Scholar

28. Samp, J. and Solomon, D. (1998). Communicative responses to problematic events in close relationships I: the variety and facets of goals, Communication Research 25:66-95.10.1177/009365098025001003Search in Google Scholar

28. Shweder, R. A. (1990). Cultural psychology: What is it? In J. W. Stigler, R. A. Shweder, & G. Herdt (Eds.), Cultural psychology: Essays on comparative human development (pp. 143). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Search in Google Scholar

29. Wilmot, W. (1995). The transactional nature of person perception, in J. Stewart (ed) Bridges not walls: a book about interpersonal communication, New York: McGraw-Hill.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo