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Journal Details
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Format
Journal
First Published
14 Sep 2008
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Prostate Specific Antigen Dynamics and Features in Prostate Cancer

Published Online: 30 Aug 2021
Page range: -
Received: 07 Jun 2021
Accepted: 14 Jul 2021
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
14 Sep 2008
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Despite the common use of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) serum level as a tumour marker in diagnosis of prostate cancer, it seems that the PSA doubling time (PSADT) and PSA velocity (PSAV) could be more useful indicators of tumour behaviour and prognosis for patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate the value of PSAV and PSADT in the diagnosis of prostate cancer and their relationship with prostate cancer histopathological characteristics. Eighty-six patients undergoing radical prostatectomy were enrolled in the study. Based on the PSA measurements the PSA dynamic values were calculated: PSADT and PSAV. In addition, clinical and histo-pathological characteristics, including disease stage and prognostic groups were evaluated. The obtained results showed that the first PSA value was 4.29 ng/ml (1.28–13.56), the second PSA value was 7.76 ng/ml (7.60–47.60), and the third PSA value was 9.67 ng/ml (2.56–98.50). The median PSADT was 51.01 months (7.80–311.81) and the median PSAV was 2.66 ng/ml/per year (0.22–4.66). In addition, significant correlations between PSAV and pre- and post-operative Gleason score, and prognostic groups were observed. Significant correlation between PSADT and pre- and pos-toperative Gleason score and prognostic risk groups was demonstrated. This study demonstrated that PSAV and PSADT were significantly correlated with postoperative Gleason score and prognostic risk groups, demonstrating its role in the diagnosis of prostate cancer progression.

Keywords

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