Open Access

Energy dependence of GafChromic LD-V1 film dose response to X-ray photons in the 60 to 180 kV range

   | May 25, 2024


Introduction: Radiochromic film (RCF) is suitable for use as a dosimeter owing to its inherently superior spatial resolution and near-water equivalence. A new model of RCF recommended for measuring imaging dose in the kV nominal energy range was recently introduced onto the market. In this study, we investigate the dependence on the beam quality of GafChromic LD-V1 film’s radiation dose response.

Material and methods: Pieces of LD-V1 film were irradiated to air kerma ranging from 0 to 570 mGy in X-ray photons with beam qualities of 60 kV (HVL = 1.32 mm Al), 100 kV (HVL = 2.83 mm Al), 120 kV (HVL = 5.11 mm Al), 150 kV (HVL = 6.23 mm Al), and 180 kV (HVL = 0.54 mm Cu). The net reflectance from each film was obtained from a color flatbed scanner. For each beam quality, an analytical power function was fitted to the net reflectance - air kerma relationship and tested for differences.

Results: We have found that for the beam qualities investigated, the response of the Gafchromic LD-V1 film was not significantly dependent on energy, and a single calibration curve could be used. The total relative uncertainty and absolute error reached maxima of 18% and 80%, respectively for air kerma values less than 50 mGy, and remained below 10% for air kerma in the range 50 mGy to 570 mGy.

Conclusions: The results of our investigation revealed that the response of Gafchromic LD-V1 film is not significantly dependent on beam quality. A minimum air kerma irradiation of 50 mGy is recommended to minimise uncertainty.

Publication timeframe:
4 times per year
Journal Subjects:
Medicine, Biomedical Engineering, Physics, Technical and Applied Physics, Medical Physics