Mercury (Hg) is recognised as a global environmental pollutant. Despite numerous studies being conducted around the world, the transformation of mercury in natural environments is still not fully understood. In addition, increasing droughts and heavy rains are currently observed to contribute to changes in the circulation of Hg. The purpose of this study was to recognise the influence of extreme meteorological and hydrological conditions on the inflow of various forms of mercury to the coastal zone of the Bay of Puck. The studies were carried out at estuarial stations of four rivers belonging to the southern Baltic Sea catchment: Reda, Zagorska Struga, Gizdepka and Płutnica. The results showed that meteorological and hydrological parameters affect mercury speciation in river catchments, which translates into inflow of labile mercury to the southern Baltic Sea.