1. bookVolume 95 (2022): Issue 1 (June 2022)
Journal Details
First Published
31 Dec 2009
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Open Access

The Problematic Institutional Context of Greek Football and the Role of FIFA and UEFA

Published Online: 23 Jun 2022
Volume & Issue: Volume 95 (2022) - Issue 1 (June 2022)
Page range: 14 - 25
Received: 10 Nov 2021
Accepted: 28 Mar 2022
Journal Details
First Published
31 Dec 2009
Publication timeframe
4 times per year

Anagnostopoulos, C. (2011). Stakeholder management in Greek professional football: identification and salience. Soccer & Society, 12(2), 249-264. https://doi.org/10.1080/14660970.2011.548361 Search in Google Scholar

Anagnostopoulos, C., & Senaux, B. (2011). Transforming top-tier football in Greece: the case of the ‘Super League’. Soccer & Society, 12(6), 722-736. https://doi.org/10.1080/14660970.2011.609676 Search in Google Scholar

Andreff, W. (2016). ‘Corruption in Sport’. In Byers, T. (Eds.), Contemporary Issues in Sport Management: A Critical Introduction (pp. 46-65). London, SAGE Publications. Search in Google Scholar

Battilana, J., Leca, B., & Boxenbaum, E. (2009). 2 how actors change institutions: towards a theory of institutional entrepreneurship. Academy of Management Annals, 3(1), 65-107. https://doi.org/10.1080/19416520903053598 Search in Google Scholar

Cooley, L., & Mujanović, J. (2015). Changing the rules of the game: Comparing FIFA/UEFA and EU attempts to promote reform of power-sharing institutions in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Global Society, 29(1), 42-63. https://doi.org/10.1080/13600826.2014.974512 Search in Google Scholar

De Knop, P., Hoecke, J. V., & De Bosscher, V. (2004). Quality management in sports clubs. Sport Management Review, 7(1), 57-77. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1441-3523(04)70045-5 Search in Google Scholar

DiMaggio, P., & Powell, W. W. (1983). The iron cage revisited: Collective rationality and institutional isomorphism in organizational fields. American Sociological Review, 48(2), 147-160.10.2307/2095101 Search in Google Scholar

DiMaggio, P. (1988). ‘Interest and Agency in Institutional Theory’. In L. Zucker, (Ed), Institutional Patterns and Organizations Culture and Environment (pp. 3–21). Massachusetts: Ballinger Publishing Search in Google Scholar

Dimitropoulos, P. (2010). The Financial Performance of the Greek Football Clubs. Choregia, 6(1). DOI: 0.4127/ch.2010.0042 Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

ekathimerini.gr. (2016). ‘FIFA takes control of Greek soccer federation’. https://www.ekathimerini.com/sports/212880/fifa-takes-control-of-greek-soccer-federation/ Search in Google Scholar

EPO (HFF). (2017). ‘Indictment report for the ‘travel plan’ case’ (In Greek). https://www.epo.gr/News.aspx?a_id=47042&NewsType=21 Search in Google Scholar

Erturan-Ogut, E. E., & Sahin, M. Y. (2014). Political clientelism in Turkish sports federations. European Sport Management Quarterly, 14(5), 556-566. https://doi.org/10.1080/16184742.2014.950307 Search in Google Scholar

FIFA. (2016). Composition of the normalisation committee. epo.gr. https://www.epo.gr/media/files/FIFA_UEFA/FIFA_HFF_NC_31-10-2016.pdf Search in Google Scholar

FIFA. (2017). Decision of the Bureau of the Council, epo.gr.. https://www.epo.gr/media/files/FIFA_UEFA/170531%20Extension%20of%20the%20HFF%20Normalisation%20Committee%20mandate.pdf Search in Google Scholar

Friedland, R., and Alford, R. (1991). ‘Bringing Society Back In Symbols, Practices, and Institutional Contradictions’. In W. W Powell and P. J DiMaggio, (Eds.), The New Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis (pp. 232–267). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Search in Google Scholar

Garcia, B. (2007). UEFA and the European Union: From confrontation to cooperation. Journal of Contemporary European Research, 3, 202-223. https://doi.org/10.30950/jcer.v3i3.52 Search in Google Scholar

Gazzetta.gr. (2018). ‘Hubbels’ letter ‘slow judicial system and the champion in the courts’. https://www.gazzetta.gr/football/epo/article/1214224/epistoli-hoympel-argo-dikastiko-systima-kai-o-protathlitis-sta-dikastiria-pics Search in Google Scholar

Gammelsæter, H. (2010). Institutional pluralism and governance in “commercialized” sport clubs. European sport management quarterly, 10(5), 569-594. https://doi.org/10.1080/16184742.2010.524241 Search in Google Scholar

Georgakopoulos, G. (2020). ‘PAOK and Xanthi threatened with drop for breaking ownership rules’. ekathimerini. https://www.ekathimerini.com/sports/248915/paok-and-xanthi-threatened-with-drop-for-breaking-ownership-rules/ Search in Google Scholar

Greenwood, R., Oliver, C., Lawrence, T. B., & Meyer, R. E. (Eds.). (2017). The Sage handbook of organizational institutionalism. Sage.10.4135/9781526415066 Search in Google Scholar

Hamil, S., Morrow, S., Idle, C., Rossi, G., & Faccendini, S. (2010). The governance and regulation of Italian football. Soccer & Society, 11(4), 373-413. https://doi.org/10.1080/14660971003780297 Search in Google Scholar

Henry, I. P., & Nassis, P. (1999). Political clientelism and sports policy in Greece. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 34(1), 43-58. https://doi.org/10.1177/101269099034001004 Search in Google Scholar

Holt, M. (2007). The ownership and control of elite club competition in European football. Soccer & Society, 8, 50-67. https://doi.org/10.1080/14660970600989491 Search in Google Scholar

Hylton, J. G. (2017). How FIFA used the principle of autonomy of sport to shield corruption in the Sepp Blatter Era. Maryland Journal of International Law, 32, 134. Search in Google Scholar

Kapranos. D. (2002) ‘The uncle, the skinny and the strange’ (In Greek). Kathimerini. https://www.kathimerini.gr/politics/115480/o-theios-o-kokkaliaris-kai-o-periergos/ Search in Google Scholar

Kathimerini. (2016). ‘FIFA: the laws of the state are above any federations’ statute’ (In Greek). https://www.kathimerini.gr/872629/article/epikairothta/a8lhtismos/fifa-oi-nomoi-toy-kratoys-yperanw-opoioydhpote-katastatikoy-omospondias Search in Google Scholar

Koç, U., Özen-Aytemur, J., & Erdemir, E. (2016). Powerful Actor and Hesitant Institutionalization: The State in the History of Turkish Football. The International Journal of the History of Sport, 33(16), 1904-1920. https://doi.org/10.1080/09523367.2016.1269754 Search in Google Scholar

Lemarchand, R., & Legg, K. (1972). Political clientelism and development: A preliminary analysis. Comparative politics, 4(2), 149-178. https://doi.org/10.2307/421508 Search in Google Scholar

Manoli, A. E., & Antonopoulos, G. A. (2015). ‘The only game in town?’: football match-fixing in Greece. Trends in organized crime, 18(3), 196-211. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12117-014-9239-3 Search in Google Scholar

Manoli, A. E., Antonopoulos, G. A., & Bairner, A. (2019). The inevitability of corruption in Greek football. Soccer & society, 20(2), 199-215. https://doi.org/10.1080/14660970.2017.1302936 Search in Google Scholar

Meier, H. E., & Garcia, B. (2015). Protecting private transnational authority against public intervention: FIFA’s power over national governments. Public Administration, 93(4), 890-906. https://doi.org/10.1111/padm.12208 Search in Google Scholar

Meyer, J. W., & Rowan, B. (1977). Institutionalized organizations: Formal structure as myth and ceremony. American Journal of Sociology, 83(2), 340-363. https://www.jstor.org/stable/277829310.1086/226550 Search in Google Scholar

Moriconi, M., & De Cima, C. (2021). Why some football referees engage in match-fixing? A sociological explanation of the influence of social structures. International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, 13(4), 545-563. https://doi.org/10.1080/19406940.2021.1928731 Search in Google Scholar

Mplounas, T. (2008). ‘Referee of paranga reveals’ (In Greek). Kathimerini. https://www.kathimerini.gr/338297/article/epikairothta/a8lhtismos/diaithths-ths-paragkas-apokalyptei Search in Google Scholar

Nicholson, P. (2017) ‘Greece in chaos as FIFA’s Normalisation committee spectacularly fails to clean up game’. Insideworldfootball. http://www.insideworldfootball.com/2017/09/28/greece-chaos-fifas-normalisation-committee-spectacularly-fails-clean-game/ Search in Google Scholar

Nicholson, P. (2018). ‘Greek football tragedy: game-changing referees, match-fixing rampant, FIFA and UEFA smile on’. Insideworldfootball. http://www.insideworldfootball.com/2018/01/30/greek-football-tragedy-game-changing-referees-match-fixing-rampant-fifa-uefa-smile/ Search in Google Scholar

Papadimitriou, D. (1998). The impact of institutionalized resources, rules and practices on the performance of non-profit sport organizations. Managing leisure, 3(4), 169-180. https://doi.org/10.1080/136067198375950 Search in Google Scholar

Pappas, T. S. (2013). Why Greece Failed. Journal of Democracy, 24(2), 31-45.10.1353/jod.2013.0035 Search in Google Scholar

Paradiso, E. (2016). Football, clientelism and corruption in Argentina: an anthropological inquiry. Soccer & Society, 17(4), 480-495. https://doi.org/10.1080/14660970.2014.919269 Search in Google Scholar

Pillay, S., & Dorasamy, N. (2010). Linking cultural dimensions with the nature of corruption: An institutional theory perspective. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 10(3), 363-378. https://doi.org/10.1177/1470595810389793 Search in Google Scholar

Pouliopoulos, T. & Georgiadis, K. (2021). ‘FIFA and UEFA, a critical review of the two organizations through the lens of institutional theory and MacIntyre’s philosophical schema’, Soccer & Society, 22(7), 778-790. https://doi.org/10.1080/14660970.2021.1896498 Search in Google Scholar

Sabrakos, V. (2020) ‘Complete mockery from those who sustain the problem (In Greek)’. Gazzetta. https://www.gazzetta.gr/football/epo/article/1449640/olistiki-koroidia-apo-aytoys-poy-syntiroyn-provlima Search in Google Scholar

Scott, M. (2015) ‘Matt Scott: Greek football’s tragedy is a lesson for us all’. Insideworldfootball. chttp://www.insideworldfootball.com/2015/05/03/matt-scott-greek-football-s-tragedy-is-a-lesson-for-us-all/ Search in Google Scholar

Sklias, P., & Maris, G. (2013). The political dimension of the Greek financial crisis. Perspectives on European Politics and Society, 14(1), 144-164. https://doi.org/10.1080/15705854.2012.732392 Search in Google Scholar

Soccerplus.gr. (2017). ‘Tremendous things in Deloitte’s report about EPO and the regional unions’ (In Greek). https://soccerplus.gr/%CF%83%CE%B7%CE%BC%CE%B5%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CE%BA%CE%B1%CE%B9-%CF%84%CE%AD%CF%81%CE%B1%CF%84%CE%B1-%CF%83%CF%84%CE%B7%CE%BD-%CE%AD%CE%BA%CE%B8%CE%B5%CF%83%CE%B7-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-deloitte-%CE%B3%CE%B9/ Search in Google Scholar

Tina Dacin, M., Goodstein, J., & Richard Scott, W. (2002). Institutional theory and institutional change: Introduction to the special research forum. Academy of Management Journal, 45(1), 45-56. https://doi.org/10.2307/3069284 Search in Google Scholar

Tolbert, P. S., & Zucker, L. G. (1983). Institutional sources of change in the formal structure of organizations: The diffusion of civil service reform, 1880-1935. Administrative science quarterly, 22-39.10.2307/2392383 Search in Google Scholar

Treisman, D. (2000). The causes of corruption: a cross-national study. Journal of Public Economics, 76(3), 399-457. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0047-2727(99)00092-4 Search in Google Scholar

Tvxs.com. (2016). ‘The cup restarts, changes in EPO’ (In Greek). https://tvxs.gr/news/athlitika/ksanarxizei-kypello-allages-stin-epo Search in Google Scholar

Van Hoecke, J., De Knop, P., & Schoukens, H. (2009). A decade of quality and performance management in Flemish organised sport. International Journal of Sport Management and Marketing, 6(3), 308-329.10.1504/IJSMM.2009.029091 Search in Google Scholar

Warsaw, A. (2018). ‘Greek Super League games off as officials strike after attack leaves referee in hospital’. Inside-worldfootball. http://www.insideworldfootball.com/2018/12/21/greek-super-league-games-off-officials-strike-attack-leaves-referee-hospital/ Search in Google Scholar

Washington, M., & Patterson, K. D. (2011). Hostile takeover or joint venture: Connections between institutional theory and sport management research. Sport Management Review, 14(1), 1-12.10.1016/j.smr.2010.06.003 Search in Google Scholar

Zaimakis, Y. (2018). Football fan culture and politics in modern Greece: the process of fandom radicalization during the austerity era. Soccer & Society, 19(2), 252-270. https://doi.org/10.1080/14660970.2016.1171214 Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo