1. bookVolume 17 (2021): Issue 3 (September 2021)
Journal Details
First Published
16 Apr 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Open Access

Reflections on the Independent Mass Media of Post-Soviet Countries and Political Competitiveness

Published Online: 20 Oct 2021
Volume & Issue: Volume 17 (2021) - Issue 3 (September 2021)
Page range: 565 - 588
Journal Details
First Published
16 Apr 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year

The aim of this paper is to analyse political activity in the mass media discourses of states with more democratic and more authoritative regimes respectively, so as to show a clear difference in the context of a formal analysis of mass media content. The current study examines political news on qualitative online media portals in Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine. Thirty years ago, these states began their independent transition from a closed system to openness/democracy. However, at today’s transition point, only Lithuania is considered a democratic country. In different periods Ukraine has been considered an example of competitive authoritarianism, while Belarus deviated towards complete authoritarianism and dictatorship. All political news items between 2005–2020 (for delfi.lt – since 2007) were collected with the help of the Python program. To measure the indicators, several Python programs were designed. The results of the research confirmed that the intensity of political activity differs in the mass media discourses of states with more democratic (Lithuania, Ukraine) and more authoritative (Belarus) regimes. Furthermore, a clear difference was shown in terms of five indicators, average indicators and the dynamics thereof.


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